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    language in school, but even those who opted to pursue a language in high school or beyond often have horror stories about having to repeat obscure phrases in unison until you reached a state of near hypnosis, being drilled to death with grammar rules, or learning an entire conjugation table for a...
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  • Communicative Languageteaching
    Approach could be said to be the product of educators and linguists who had grown dissatisfied with the Audio-Lingual and Grammar-Translation Methods of foreign language instruction. They felt that students were not learning enough realistic, whole language. They did not know how to communicate using...
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  • Mechanisms of Second Language Acquisition
    . 2.2.6. Second Language Acquisition Teaching Methods Grammar-translation: the student memorizes words, inflected words, and syntactic rules and uses them to translate from native to target language and vice versa; most commonly used method in schools because it does not require teacher to be...
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  • Language Translators
    (Syntax-directed translation): - It is a method of translating a string into a sequence of actions by attaching one such action to each rule of a grammar. Thus, parsing a string of the grammar produces a sequence of rule applications and this provides a simple way to attach semantics to any such...
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  • Translation Criticism on Google Translation of Proper Names in Tourism Texts
    human translation (incorrect preposition, articles, pronouns, verb tenses, etc.). Translation quality of MT systems may be improved either by developing more sophisticated methods or by imposing certain restrictions on the input. - Google Translate Google translate is a service provided by Google...
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  • Effectiveness of English Textbook
    ABSTRACT In the past, there became so many tremendous developments to explain how to use communicative tasks in the classroom. Until 1970s, some kinds of methods such as Grammar-Translation, Direct Method, and Audio-Lingual Method have been strongly emphasized by the experts. Nevertheless, they...
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  • Communicative Language Teaching Approach
    the socio-linguistic theory, with an emphasis on meaning and communication, and a goal to develop learners’ “communicative competence”, Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach evolves as a prominent language teaching method and gradually replaced the previous grammar-translation method and...
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  • Mathmatics
    functions points to an origin of mathematics in religious ritual.[82] The Sulba Sutras give methods for constructing a circle with approximately the same area as a given square, which imply several different approximations of the value of π.[84][85] In addition, they compute the square root of 2 to...
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  • The Key Word Study on Method
    method to language teaching from the grammar-translation method, to Audio-lingual method, to communicative language teaching, to total physical response, to content-based instruction, to task-based language teaching, and to the Post-methods. However, Prabhu (1990) argued that there is no best method...
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  • Translation Techniques
    competence, the timeline allocated to the project and many more. There is a great number of useful translation tips available online and offline, yet every translator has their own reliable methods and techniques, built on expertise and time. Here, we summarized the most essential translation tips...
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  • safsacefweccc
    of classroom management, procedures and routines, and how I will implement these in my classroom. The first theory that I recognized used by Madam Rozilawati is the Grammar-Translation Method (GTM). The objective of this theory is to develop reading and writing skills. From my opinion, this...
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  • “Teaching Prepositions with the Help of Multimedia Instrument – Powerpoint Presentation in the Non-Native Scenario”
    English language and its parts like grammar, phonology, and morphology.  The Traditional Method  The Informal Method  The Reference Or Correlation Method  The Inductive And Deductive Method  The Grammar Translation Method  The Direct Method  Dr. West’s New Method  The Structural Method  The...
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  • Mobile Cloning
    context free grammar ? Ans:- Precise and easy way to specify the syntactical structure of a programming language ■ Efficient recognition methods exist ■ Natural specification of many “recursive” constructs: ■ expr -> expr + expr | term 2 Write component of context free grammar ? Ana...
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  • Deviance
    the like’ (Chesterman, 1993: 17). Professional norms govern the accepted methods and strategies of the translation process, and they can be subdivided into three major types: accountability norms, communication norms, relation norms. Bartsch (1987: 176) speaks of norms as consisting of two parts...
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  • Pmr Examination Tips
    Transfer, second part about Grammar, third part about idioms and phasal verbs, fourth part about comprehension and fifth part about literature. To score in all parts, you should read more and do more exercises. Pay attention to grammar usage. For Literature in Paper 1, you also need to understand all...
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  • Mnemonic Elucidation
    learning idioms through online exercises, such as fill-in-the-gap and multiple choice questions. The first questions contained verbal explanations and were tested by a regular grammar test and an interview. The later ones included pictures for association and were tested in the same way. The first and...
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  • syllabus
    texts, infer implied meanings and critically analyse and evaluate them for ideas as well as for method of presentation.  listen/view and comprehend different spoken excerpts critically and infer unspoken and implied meanings. UNIT I 9+3 Listening - Listening to informal conversations and...
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  • Compiler
    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 4 Checking static semantics 4.1 4.2 Attribute grammars and syntax-directed translation . . . . . . . . 65 Symbol tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 4.2.1 4.2.2 String pool...
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  • Mass Media in General and Newspapers
    the translation, the nature of the readership, the type of text were not discussed. Too often, writers, translators and readers were implicitly identified with each other. Now the context has changed, but the basic problem remains. Peter Newark puts the methods in the forms of a flattened V diagram...
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  • Difficulties in English Grammar
    methods without necessarily taking into account the potential difficulties of students. The teachers may not be conscious of difficulties which are serious and may thus hinder students’ learning of English grammar, and do not choose the method of instruction that would pose fewer difficulties and...
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