• Ms.
    Data Tables: Williamson Ether Synthesis Reagents MW (g/mol) Amount Mol Lit. Mp p-Acetimido phenol 151.17 1.513 g 0.010 N/A Bromoethane 108.97 1.1 mL 0.0147 N/A Products MW (g/mol) Amount (g) Mol Lit. Mp Observed Mp Percent Yield Percent Recovery Crude product 179.22 0.498 0.0028 133-136ºC...
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  • Synthesis of Acetophenetidin
    methods, Williamson ether synthesis and amide synthesis. By working in groups of two we were able to complete both methods of synthesis routes. The end result should be the synthesis of a similar product, by verification between the two individuals. Reaction Experiment and Observations Amide Synthesis...
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  • Williamson Ether Synthesis of Phenacetin
    Procedure The procedure stated in Chem 2120 experiment 6 Williamson Ether Synthesis of Phenacetin laboratory manual was followed without any major changes. Data and results Compound Amount used MW (g/mol) Moles Stoichiometry/Comments acetaminophen 0.354 g 151.16 2.34 x 10-3...
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  • Synthesis of Acetophenetidin by Amide Synthesis
    products derived from amide synthesis and Williamson Ether Synthesis are identical, and if one of the synthetic routes is more advantageous than the other. In Part 1, an attempt to synthesize acteophenetidin crystals by amide synthesis was made. We began by removing the colored impurities from the p-Phenetidine...
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  • Chemical properties of The and it's derivatives
    been made to highlight and put in perspective the cannabinoid work carried out before and after the discovery of the receptors. In the cannabinoid synthesis emphasis is placed on practical procedures in current use in the preparation of various analogs. For SAR studies the emphasis is on the areas of...
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  • Orgo 1 Study Guide
    http://masterorganicchemistry.com D. Applying the Lowest Locator Rule F. Dealing With Branched Substituents (the IUPAC Way) Number the chain from one end so as to provide the lowest locator possible for the first substituent. Treat each branched substituent as its own naming problem. Carbon...
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  • phenols
    Synthesis of Phenols You can prepare phenols in large quantities by the pyrolysis of the sodium salt of benzene sulfonic acid, by the Dow process, and by the air oxidation of cumene. Each of these processes is described below. You can also prepare small amounts of phenol by the peroxide oxidation of...
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  • Organic Chemistry
    I A) B) C) D) E) II III IV V I II III IV V Ans: C Topic: Atomic Orbitals, Hybridization 38. How many 2p atomic orbitals from boron must be mixed with a 2s atomic orbital to yield the bonding hybrid atomic orbitals in BF3? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Ans: B 14 Chapter...
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  • Hydocarbon Molecular Formula Structural and Uses
    biopolymers-for lubrication as additives | 2. Alkenes | C2H4 | H H │ │ C C │ │ H H | -important starting material in organic synthesis as they are able to undergo a large variety of addition reactions across the double bond-forming products such as halogenoalkanes, alcohols or amines-Making...
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  • Ionic Liquids
    not without problems, one being that yields, purity and selectivity can vary according to the batch of ionic liquid used and the methods used to synthesis and purify the ILs. Therefore it is of great interest to study methods on how to minimize this problem. The Objective of Research. The objective...
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  • Reagents for Interconverting Carboxylic Acids and Acid Derivatives
    ETHERS Classification of Ethers:   Symmetrical ethers – two groups attached to O are identical Ex. CH3CH2OCH2CH3 – diethyl ether  Unsymmetrical ethers – two groups attached to O are not identical Ex. CH3CH2OCH3 – ethyl methyl ether Physical Properties of Ethers:   Ethers have much lower boiling...
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  • Grade 12 Chemistry Exam Prep
    OH is always given the lowest number possible and must be included in the bigger chain. Ex. Primary: Secondary: Tertiary: Synthesis of Ethers: Ethers general formula: R-O-R The largest carbon chain is considered the parent chain; the shorter chain is given the suffix “oxy” to indicate...
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  • Acetinalide Report
    Title: Acetanilide Synthesis Objective: To synthesize Acetanilide by recrystallization. To check its purity by calculating its percent yield. Introduction: Aniline is a primary aromatic amine and weak base which forms salts with mineral acids. In acidic solution...
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  • Organic Chemistry
    ™ Everything Easier! Making Organic istry II Chem Learn to: • Understand the physical and chemical properties of organic compounds • Observe from a macro-scopic and micro-scopic view • Grasp chemical and organic reactions • Follow along and ace your Organic Chemistry II course John T. Moore,...
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  • Biotransformation
    intermediates in organic synthesis and widely used in the chemical industry and agriculture. * Chemical transformations of nitriles require strong acid/base conditions or the use of peroxides. * Microbial degradation has been considered as a way to eliminate highly toxic nitriles from industrial waste...
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  • Basic Organic Chemistry
    widely different electronegativities; charged ions are formed (one positive from the loss of electrons and one negative from the gain of electrons), both of which usually have a stable octet outer shell. The ionic bond results from the attraction between the positive cation and negative anion. Electronegativity...
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  • Photochemistry
    lithium hydride (LiH) with aluminum chloride (AlCl3) (Scheme 1). 4LiH + AlCl3 Scheme 1 LiAlH4 + 3LiCl In industrial scale, it is prepared from sodium aluminum hydride which is prepared by reaction of sodium, aluminum and hydrogen at high temperature and pressure (Scheme 2). Na + Al + 2H2 NaAlH4...
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  • Acyclic Hydrocarbons
    came from the word organism. Prior to 1828, all organic compounds had been obtained from organisms or their| |remains. The scientific philosophy back then was that the synthesis of organic compounds could only be produced within living matter | |while inorganic compounds were synthesized from non-living...
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  • Effect of Organic Solvents
    SYNTHETIC EXPLOITATION OF ENZYMES: BIOCATALYSIS IN ORGANIC SOLVENTS: FUNDAMENTALS ENZYMES IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS 1. Enzymes catalyze a broad spectrum of reactions with high turnover numbers. Rate enhancements approach 1012 fold. 2. Enzymes may accept a wide range of substrates. 3. Enzymes are...
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  • Organic Chemistry!
    series of compounds in which each member differs from the next member by a constant amount is called a homologous series and the members of the series are known as homologs. ALKANES The family of alkanes forms a homologous series. Each member differs from the next by CH2. Also, in each alkane, the...
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