1. Name these three components of personality and explain their main functions
2. Analyse the interaction among the three components of personality
3. Explain with suitable examples, how do the functions of three components lead to
life? Is observational learning effective? Why or why not?
• How do classical conditioning procedures differ from operant conditioning procedures? How are they similar? Give a detailed example of each type of learning.
• Why would learning language as a toddler be difficult to explainthrough...
do we develop? Complex sets of behaviors?
Occurs throughshaping – procedures which gradually guide behaviorisms towards desired goal.
Successive Approximation – “Baby steps”
Based on reinforcements – any response that increases behavior
1) types of re-enforcements (what you get...
development of self. Three of the major theories which have been used to explainhow children learn include: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, and Observational learning. Classical conditioning was discovered by Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov (1894-1936). Using dogs, Pavlov discovered...
individual is different from one another. It might be possible to have a few generalizations but the truth is that each one of us does things differently.
The operant conditioning model is one such model used to explain human behavior. Conditioning is a “systematic procedure through which...
stage, the need for physical pleasure is focused on a different part of the body (passive, nature, stages)
Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory – personalitydevelopsthrough right life crises across the entire lifespan, a person finished each crisis with either a good or poor resolution (passive, both...
CHAPTER TWO: THEORY AND RESEARCH
Theory - coherent set of related concepts that seeks to organize and explain data gathered through research.
- theories are dynamic; they change to incorporate new findings;
- they aren't universal; they can't explain all;
- they may give more weight to one...
manipulated through positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, shaping, and extinction.
Social learning is the theory that we can learn through both observation and direct experience. Social learning theory is an extension of operant conditioning; it assumes that behavior is a...
is is about an individual, learning perspective,
Goals of Psychology
1. Describe how people and other animals behave
2. Explain and understand the causes of these behaviours 3. Predict how people and animals will behave under certain conditions
4. Influence or...
, frustration, and anxiety. While learning how to gain acceptance and self-control, and a maturing ego to develop a healthy personality. Freud’s theory on personality development uses these areas of inquiry to obtain answers or assumptions on describing behaviors, explain the behaviors, predicting the...
theory of Psychosexual Development. It shows how early experiences affect adult personality. Stimulation of different areas of the body is important as the child progresses through the important developmental stages. Too much or too little can have bad consequences later. The most important stage is...
genetics influence different behaviors or how damage to specific areas of the brain influence behavior and personality.
The Cross-Cultural Perspective
Cross-cultural psychology is a fairly new perspective .These psychologists and researchers look at human behavior across different cultures...
determined, whether by genetics or conditioning, how it is shaped and cultivated, and if personality is unique. I will provide supporting arguments based mainly on Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, while pulling in theories of Erik Erikson, Alfred Adler and Albert Bandura.
Theory of Personality...
Explain the principal psychological perspectives (P1)
In this section, I will be talking about psychological perspectives that influence an individual’s personality and behaviour towards their actions and view on life.
An approach is a perspective/viewpoint of someone. That revolves around...
: temperament, environment, and character.
Temperament can be determined genetically and it displays traits that determine an individual’s approach to the world and how one learns about the world1. The genes do not specify personality traits but some genes do control the development of the nervous system...
overt behaviour. ‘Skinner’s theory accounts for personality development by explaining how various response tendencies are acquired through learning’ (Weiten, 2001, p. 500). He built a ‘box’ in which he was able to teach animals to receive food by pecking or tapping a bar or light. He referred to...
explain behaviours in neurological terms, examples are the physiology and structure of the brain and how this affects behaviour. Many biological psychologists have focus on abnormal behaviours. For example , biological psychologists believe that schizophrenia disease is affected by levels of dopamine...
• DEPCI/ DEPIC
STIMULUS AND RESPONSE
• What you see
• How you react
_____1. Seeing and smelling a piece of choco cake
_____2. Sound of heavy breathing
_____3. Flashing light
_____4. Answering this...
- breaks things down into basic parts
* William James founded Functionalism- stream of consciousness
* Watson founded Behaviorism, like Tabula Rasa
* Skinner- Behaviorist, operant conditioning = how organisms learn through reinforcement
* Ch. 2 Research (3 Questions...