• Strategy and the Multinational Enterprise
    and Issues for Further Research Keywords: goals, option, multinational enterprise, strategy 12.1 Introduction THIS chapter uses a strategic analysis framework to examine the key strategic issues facing multinational enterprises (MNEs). While much of the discussion of international business has to...
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  • Huawai
    theories? As the largest emerging economy and developing country in the world, China has demonstrated potential strength in outward FDI. Chinese MNEs also showed some special characteristics and comparative advantages over MNEs from developed countries in their internationalization processes. Thus, it is...
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  • Three Lens
    University, College Station, Texas 778434221, USA. Tel: þ 1 979 862 4053; Fax þ 1 979 845 9641; E-mail: leden@tamu.edu 1 Abstract Scholars who analyze multinational enterprises (MNEs) recognize the complex relationship between international business (IB) and society. However, compared with other IB...
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  • Life Is Beautiful
    ). Are Multinational Enterprises from the Emerging Economies Global or Regional? European Management Journal, 27, 356 – 365. Shenkar, O. (2001). Cultural Distance Revisited: Towards a More Rigorous Conceptualization and Measurement of Cultural Differences. Journal of...
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  • Ressenlaer
    is provided below. 3 Three Lenses on the Multinational Enterprise: Politics, Corruption and Corporate Social Responsibility Abstract Scholars who study multinational enterprises (MNEs) recognize the complex relationship between international business and society. However, compared to other...
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  • Haier Globalization Case Study
    “International Expansion of Emerging Market Businesses”. 1 2 Abstract 1. Introduction The emergence of a “second wave” of developing-country multinational enterprises (MNEs) in a variety of industries is one of the characterizing features of globalization in the most recent years. These...
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  • Global Business
    integrate scale-efficient operations and the opportunity to cross2 Andreas Bachmann & Rieke Bärenfänger Global Business (2036B) Transnat. Managem.: Creating Worldwide Innovation & Learning: Exploiting Cross-Border Knowledge Management; Ch.5 subsidize the losses from battles in one market with...
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  • Ibm-1
    the competitive strength of the European and, Japanese multinationals, and of even some MNEs of the developing countries. A reverse investment occurred in the U.S. The MNEs from Europe and Japan began investing large amounts of FDI in America. They have also provided competition to American firms...
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  • External Environment
    responsibility Developing countries Emerging markets International business Multinational enterprises Stakeholders Sustainable development Sustainability While attention to the social and environmental impacts of international business (IB) is not new, the past years have seen renewed interest due to pressing...
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  • Phd Thesis
    exploited not only by large-sized firms but also by small- and -medium-sized enterprises from Western Europe due to low cultural barriers, close geography and special support from government authorities (Estrin and Meyer, 1998: 217). In order to determine the appropriate market entry strategy and to...
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  • Regions, Globalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy
    growth of asset-exploiting FDI in some emerging markets, notably China,23 an increasing part of which has been supplied from other Asian developing countries.24 5. A rising proportion of FDI in both developed and developing countries is in services—particularly information-intensive services.25 6. An...
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  • Research
    extent of product diversification is negatively related to the advertising intensity of a firm. Proprietary Assets and Geographic Scope Theorists on multinational enterprises argue that such firms exist because the hazards associated with market-based exchange of the MNEs’ proprietary assets...
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  • China - a General Analysis
    their latest technology to China. As discussed below in section 23.2.2, many foreign firms have since the mid 1990 faced increasing competition in China both from other MNEs entering the market and from improving domestic enterprises. While a few have withdrawn, others have responded by expanding...
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  • Internalisation
    internalisation theory of the multinational enterprise Peter J Buckley and Mark C Casson 1564 as technology transfer and international trade in semi-processed products, could be understood using a single concept – the internalisation of imperfect markets. Our book explained why MNE...
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  • Schuler
    challenges. Although the MNE is separated across several nations, it remains a single enterprise and therefore must consider how to balance competing pressures for differentiation and integration (Lawrence and Lorsch 1967). Multinationals must decide how to be sensitive to unique demands of the...
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  • International_Management_Book
    Economies (e.g., BRAZIL, RUSSIA) Mid-Range Emerging Economies (e.g., CHINA) More Infrastructure and Factor Market Development Source: Adapted from R. Hoskisson, M. Wright, I. Filatotchev, & M. W. Peng, 2013, Emerging multinationals from mid-range economies: The influence of institutions...
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  • Foreign Direct Investment and Governments Catalyst for Economic Restructuring
    -owned enterprises (SOEs) and town and village enterprises (TVEs). Yet, this skewed industrial structure offered specific opportunities for the foreign investors from the newly industrializing countries (NICs) and other developing nations to transfer small scale and labour-intensive technology to...
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  • FDI spillovers in emerging markets
    comments: Saul Estrin, Camilla Jensen, Mike Peng and participants of the JIBS conference ‘new frontiers in international business research’ at Duke University. 2 Abstract Multinational enterprises (MNEs) play a pivotal role in the development of many emerging markets, and have consequently...
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  • FDI location choice of Chinese multinationals in East and Southeast AsiaTraditional economic factors and institutional perspective (
    FDI made by MNEs from emerging economies presents characteristics different with that made by multinationals from developed countries, so that extensions of FDI theories are needed in order to understand and explain internationalization of firms from emerging economies (Buckley et al., 2007; Child...
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  • Host Country Effects of Foreign Direct Investment
    domestic firms? MNEs are often accused of exploiting workers in developing economies. Still, there is strong evidence from empirical studies of foreign-owned firms paying higher wages than domestic firms, see for example Blomström (1983). However, evidence of an effect on the average wage level is more...
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