• Ethic
    that by definition has choices—decides to change the state of information or information technology in a human system. Changes in hardware, software, information content, information flow, knowledge-based jobs, and the rules and regulations affecting information are among the many things agents...
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  • Legitimacy Theory
    are a part. In so far as these two value systems are congruent we can speak of organisational legitimacy. When an actual or potential disparity exists between the two value systems there will exist a threat to organisational legitimacy. At its simplest, within the Organisational viewlegitimacy [is...
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  • Dddd
    and assess the ways in which a local initiative or project you choose may contribute to a minimal consensus about traditions dominant in the modern world, which have found a sort of global legitimacy; for example, gender equality, democracy, human rights. Recall in this context that class modules are...
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  • Democracy and Economic Development
    Democracy and Economic Development* Adam Przeworski Department of Politics New York University I examine the mutual relation between political regimes and economic development. An analysis of regime dynamics shows that while the paths to democracy are varied, once established for whatever...
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  • Change Managment
    26% on average, the highest recorded the biggest decline in 50 years ; March 2009 sales of 858,000 vehicles, down 37% year on year; following the April 30 bankruptcy after Chrysler, June 1 GM handed to the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for bankruptcy protection, which is the United States the history of...
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  • Social Entrepreneurship Research
    shared goals, but the goals of most social movements are contested by participants and observers. Goals also change over the course of a movement’’ (2001: 72). Applying these insights to assess outcome or performance of social entrepreneurship, one could argue that instead of focusing on the success or...
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  • Abortion
     Abortion in the United States Abortion has always been an indecisive topic in the United States. Whether it should be legal or not, whether it should be determined by a doctor, whether a woman has any say-so in it at all, or even the rights of the baby before it’s born. I am going to share...
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  • International Regimes by Eric Brahm
    that examine where collective understandings are more or less likely to result in a regime. Also, the relationship of regimes and national-level processes remains under explored.[31] How domestic actors are influenced by regimes and how domestic actors influence state decisions regarding regimes are...
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  • Strategy
    . Controversy also surrounds the topic of strategy content- the importance of the external industry position relative to a firm’s internal resources and competencies is much contested. I propose to examine these issues throughout my essay from the perspective of the most appropriate theories, in order that...
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  • Supporting Business Environment Reforms
    sector representatives and, where possible, endeavour to obtain the views of the less organised business sector. Contested Issue 5: Does support for the private sector interfere with political processes? Development agencies can support the private sector organisations and workers’ organisations to...
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  • Marketing of Usha Appliances
    Rosen and Mehan and resolve conflicts about their legitimacy. The reflexive relationship between meaning making and political action is the central concern of this article. We examine the processes of legitimation, competition, and political compromise that shape how new interpretations of social...
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  • Smoking Ban
    each of these factors on public health decisions is often debated, and one of the most controversial areas is the question of the role of individual human rights. It is this tension that we must address. Before it is possible to undertake any meaningful discussion about the legitimacy of public...
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  • Against and for Capital Punishment
    counts as an “action” by the state, while the refusal to impose it counts as an “omission,” and that the two are altogether different from the moral point of view. A related way to put this point is to suggest that capital punishment counts as a “killing,” while the failure to impose capital punishment...
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  • Changes in Us Business Ethics After September 11th
    however overlooks the fact that due to the ‘response’ to 9/11 certainly the United States had already heavily overstretched their budgets. The New York Times today cites a figure of $1.6trillion in costs for just the wars post-9/11. 9/11 has given many governments new legitimacy in redefining the...
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  • Secularism in India
    ). Finally, referring to Ramanuja, Perrett states that this great philosopher subscribed to the view that observance of dharma need not always lead to moksha. Dharma may fall on the path of moksha but attainment of moksha largely relied on God’s will and grace. While these strands of philosophy...
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  • Ethnic Groups in Pakistan
    groups, namely, Pukhtun, Sindhi, Baloch and Mohajir, who have, at various points in time, contested the legitimacy of the administrative structure of the Pakistani state. It starts with identifying the issue of ethnic conflicts, goes on to review the available literature and then outlines a framework...
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  • Ciclo de Normas
    views of politics, while rejecting idealism, were very much concemed with issues of legitimacy and ideology. The early Cold War, after all, was not simply a positional conflict among anonymous great powers: it was a war for "hearts and minds." The coupling of power with "legitimate social purpose...
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  • Leadership Towards Learning Organisation
    . The learning organisation, in his view (Fulmer & Keys, 1998: 35), has always been an idea and vision in the process of evolution. Scholars such as Timpson (1998:262) have pointed out that much of the literature on the subject suffers from being overtiy optimistic and prescriptive without really...
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  • Organisation Climate
    private images and shared maps of organization” (p. 16). Organizational learning has also been described as “ongoing learning in a deliberate manner with a view to improvements supporting the organization’s goals” (Collinson, Cook, & Conley, 2006, p. 107). Rowland (2004) posits that concepts involving...
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  • Convergence
    to the dynamics associated with changing community expectations, Lindblom (1994, p.3) states: “Legitimacy is dynamic in that the relevant publics continuously evaluate corporate output, methods, and goals against an ever evolving expectation. The legitimacy gap will fluctuate without any changes in...
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