• public international legal
    matters such as state responsibility,176 prepared by the ILC. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties was itself a product of the work of the ILC. The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court is another example, following several formulations over 40 years of the Draft Code on Offences...
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  • phonetics
    experiences of married women in the early modern criminal justice system and to determine how these changed over the period. It starts by analysing the social and legal frameworks established in printed sources which shaped and constrained the understandings and treatment of married women in the criminal...
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  • Drug Traffiking in Mexico
    and Policy Recommendations We have examined the recent evolution of drug trafficking in Mexico and the underlying causes of the violence that has proliferated among DTOs over the last two decades. We have also 63 El Economista (2005), El Financiero (2009). 31...
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  • Criminal Justice Trend Evaluation
    evolution of technology and how much it has evolve in the last decade. Past Trend In the past the criminal justice system focused on the community they were dealing with. They were more community oriented as well as patrol oriented, law enforcement officials made it an emphasis...
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  • Course
    . | | | Optional Discussion Questions Week One Discussion Questions • What have been the most significant changes in human services over the past 50 years? How has society’s responsibility to individual needs changed in the last 10 years...
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  • Domestic Violence
    shown by advocacy and feminist groups has brought the effect and scope of the criminal justice system to redress wrongs done by domestic abuse in sharp visibility. Domestic violence is now being viewed as a public health problem of epidemic proportion world over – and many public, private and...
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  • Notes on the effects of Parole
    recidivism rates, and one which is currently poorly understood, relates to criminal justice system reforms. The proportion of prisoners who return to prison in any given year is not only determined by their personal and social characteristics, but also by criminal justice system policies, practices and...
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  • Crack Cocaine-Back to the Future
    After All. New York Times Sunday Magazine. 1998, September 9. Pg.48-50. Retrieved from: http://www.peele.net/lib/massing.html NAACP. (2009) Criminal Justice Fact Sheet-Incarceration Trends in America. Retrieved from: http://www.naacp.org/pages/criminal-justice-page-sheet National...
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  • Constitution of india
    the character of a sub-continent. But its natural boundaries marked by mountains and seas, serve to identify it as a separate geographical entity. This insularity over the years, led to the evolution of a composite cultural pervasive under current of one-ness. These gave the country the character...
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  • Criminal Justice Theory
    ideology and politics, and which is tilted in favor of special interests. Ideological and political concerns drive criminal justice policy, meaning policies are typically created and supported to the degree they serve the moral and financial interests of those who propose and create them rather than...
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  • Sociological Theories
    training have been introduced in all criminal justice agencies, and yet the figures of over-representation of black offenders—particularly black female offenders—in prison continues. Whatever the penal policy in fashion (rehabilitation, just deserts, incapacitation, risk management), it is the poor...
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  • Children of Incarcerated Parents
    inmates as of April 1996 and 400,000 former California jail inmates were on probation in 1995 (Criminal Justice Institute, 1994). Changes in mandatory sentencing guidelines enacted during the mid-1970s have led to a significant shift in public policy favoring punishment over rehabilitation. Passage of...
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  • Gas Prices
    , but tried to remove one of the parties in 38 percent of the cases. The apparent preference of many police for separating the parties rather than arresting the offender has been attacked from two directions over the past 15 years. The original critique came from clinical psychologists who...
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  • Lisbon Treaty: the Impact on Europe Economically, Politically, Socially, and Militarily to Assume New Word Role.
    covering topics such as tariffs or agriculture with exclusive EU competence as well as the topics that shared mixed competence such as investments also required ratification by the Member state parliaments. Over the years EU de jure and de facto competence has grown, that is, more policy areas are...
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  • Environment
    when the outcome of the case depends on the judge before whom it gets posted. No doubt the personality of the judge and the litigant, and their deep commitment to social justice and protection of the environment have contributed, in a major way, to the evolution of the jurisprudence on the...
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  • file
    lack of any discretionary control over appeals results in a staggering the caseload. Japan's justices receive and decide over 4000 civil, administrative, and criminal cases each year. Except for constitutional cases the Court rarely decides cases en banc. Most are decided by one of the three...
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  • Capital Punishment
    against an individual. From hanging and crucifixion to the guillotine and the electric chair, a historical analysis within the book reveals how methods of execution have become more humane over the years. Gorecki, Jan. (1983). Capital Punishment: criminal Law and Social evolution. New York...
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  • Urban Poverty
    at the cross between education and health, and education or criminal justice. Policing Poor Communities 167 There are a whole host of things nationally, and if you look at the lack of connection between income, Inland Revenue policy and DSS policy over the poverty trap. All the things that...
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  • Crime and Law and Application
    -Crime and law------------------------ oals In the United States, criminal justice policy has been guided by the 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice, which issued a ground-breaking report "The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society". This report made more...
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  • Juveniles Being Tried as Adults
    Juveniles Being Tried As Adults I. Introduction A. Did you know that just about every juvenile offender who has a past criminal history, or is arrested for a violent crime like rape or murder, is tried in an adult court? 1. According to a non-profit organization called Equal Justice...
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