• Filipino
    of three elements: the id, ego, and superego. Behaviorism (1878-1958) o John B. Watson o Rejected the study of the mind and mental experiences to explain human behavior o It suggests that all behavior can be explained by environmental causes rather than by internal...
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  • History of Psychology
    observed and measured * Behaviorism * Focused on measurable and observable behaviors * Proposed that the behavior is a “response” to the different “stimuli” in our environment * Stimuli (environment) BLACK BOX (mind) response * According to Watson...
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  • Evolution of Psych
    Evolution of Psychology * Classical Period-Greek Philosophers Socrates –The Grandfather of Psychology. Is his belief that rather than filling a void of knowledge with magic or religious explanations that it was critical to accept that void. He set out to understand the natural world in a more...
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  • Do You Agree That Different Historical Periods Have Been Marked by Different Psychological Understandings? Discuss with Reference to Some of the Main Schools in Psychology
    Freud, relates to the unconscious mind as a determinant of behavior; behaviorism, known as an extreme form of functionalism, focused on observable behavior; humanism, which explains the concept of self-actualization and on the individual itself; while cognitivism focused on the study of mental processes...
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  • Psy105 Chapter 1
    judgment in which subjective experience differs from objective reality. * Max Wertheimer (1880 – 1943) * Gestalt psychology: psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than sum of parts. * Mind imposes organization on what it perceives, so ppl don’t...
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  • Assignment
    study. The definition of psychology proposed by behaviorists also had certain limitations. They only focused o observable behaviors and ignored the role of mental processes. Also, they undermined the role of unconscious mind and heredity in behavior. This is why this definition was modified D. (1...
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  • Pete
    experiences of individuals rather than developing theories on predicting behavior. Modern Approaches to Psychology ← Behavioral Approach: ▪ Observable behavior ← Psychoanalytic Approach: ▪ The unconscious mind ← Humanistic Approach: ▪ Free will and self...
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  • Chapter 1 Notes
    methods to the topics Freud had studied: personality, motivation, and abnormal behavior. Between 1913 and the late 1920s. Founded by John B. Watson (1878–1958), behaviorism is a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior...
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  • Chapter 1 Notes
    Principles of Psychology: focused on relation bet. Behavior and experience. • Functionalism included introspection and behavioral observations. Asked about functions. • Adaptive behavior patterns are maintained if they're successful- become easy by time (typing, riding a bike.) • John B. Watson...
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  • perspectives paper
    at Columbia University. His thoughts were based on observing behavior unlike others that studied the unconscious mind. “According to John Watson, psychology should be the science of observable behavior, psychology as the behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural...
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  • Importance of Muslim Unity in the Muslim World
    structuralists and functionalists deviated too much from objective science. Put simply, Watson said that psychology should focus on the study of behavior because he believed that behavior was not the result of internal mental processes, but rather the result of how we respond to stimuli from the...
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  • notes
    and theories from different schools rather than holding to any singular outlook. The following are some of the major schools of thought that have influenced our knowledge and understanding of psychology: Structuralism and Functionalism Structuralism was the first school of psychology, and focused...
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  • Mass Communication
    on adults.  3.) BEHAVIORISM (WatsonObservable behavior (Pavlov) injected optimism. Emphasis is on how the environment affects behavior.  4.) GESTALT (Wertheimer) "Form or shape" To underscore belief that we perceive wholes rather than a combination of individual elements.  Phi Phenomenon...
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  • A Useful One
    psychologists believed that psychology should be concerned with behaviors. They stressed that behaviors are observable and they are not conscious experience that is subjective and only known to the person involved. Psychoanalysis was developed by Dr. Sigmund Freud. He developed this theory explaining the...
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  • Psychology
    perception, memory, or judgment in which subjective experience differs from objective reality   36 Gestalt Psychology Emphasizes we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts.  37 Jean Piaget Cognitive Development Observed children over a time. Found that children go through a...
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  • comp soft
    . Watson was an advocate of scientific scrutiny but for him, covert behavior, including mental processes, could not be studied scientifically. The emphasis, from his perspective, should only be on overt or observable behavior. Behaviourists believed that human behavior can be understood by examining the...
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  • Psychology
    PSYCHOLOGY Psychology is derived from the Greek words Psyche and logos, meaning soul and study. To Greeks, Psychology is simply a study of the soul. Psychology as the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. Scientific because it uses the steps in a scientific method in its...
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  • Psychology Theories & Self Reflection
    within psychiatry and much of clinical psychology during the first part of the 20th century. Early psychodynamic approaches focused on the interrelationship of the mind (psyche) and mental, emotional or motivational forces within the mind that interact to shape a personality. Dr. Sigmund Freud, who...
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  • Chapter 1 Psychology
    determining behavior and personality. Behaviorism- psychology should focus its scientific investigation strictly on overbehavior-observable behaviors that could be objectively measured and verified. First championed by John B. Watson and developed by B.F. Skinner Rejected the emphasis on...
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  • Psychology
    Chapter 1 Introduction and Research Methods What is Psychology? The science of behavior and mental processes Behaviorobservable actions of a person or animal Mind—thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions, memories, dreams, motives and other subjective experiences Science—an objective way...
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