• Cis499
    Gene Splicing Lab Question #1: DNA is made up of two separate strands of base sequences. The same sequence is found on both strands, but running in opposite directions. What word describes this characteristic? Palindrome Question #2: What does the term “sticky ends” refer to in gene...
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  • Function of proteins
    , meaning that the strands are oriented in opposite directions. One strand, the sense or coding strand, has bases running 5' to 3', and the second strand, the antisense strand, has the complementary bases running 3' to 5'. When DNA is transcribed, the antisense strand serves as the template for...
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  • Diabetes
    polypeptide translated form the following sequence of DNA: DNA strand 3’ T A C T T C A A A C C G A T T 5’ mRNA sequence 5’ 3’ amino acid sequence _____ - _____- _____ - _____ - _____ in the normal protein made from the above DNA sequence An insertion of one base-pair (frameshift...
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  • Bababa
    information: Sense (molecular biology) A DNA sequence is called "sense" if its sequence is the same as that of a messenger RNA copy that is translated into protein.[30] The sequence on the opposite strand is called the "antisense" sequence. Both sense and antisense sequences can exist on different...
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  • Molecular Genetics
    : This start code is for the coding strand of the DNA. The template DNA strand from which the mRNA is made would have the sequence: TAC. Three nucleotides make up a triplet A G In models of nucleic acids, nucleotides are denoted by their base letter. Nucleotide 1. The following...
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  • Genetics
    is matched with a base in the opposite position on the other strand. Furthermore: Nothing restricts the sequence of bases in a single strand, so any sequence could be present along one strand. This principle explains how only four bases in DNA can code for the huge amount of information needed to...
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  • Dna Transcription and translation
    GATC region) and is ready for next round of DNA replication. As per Cairns model of DNA replication, both parental strands act as templates simultaneouly for synthesis of two daughter complementary DNA strands. This type of synthesis generates what is called a replication fork as it resembles a two...
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  • Study Guide Biology
    two matching helices intertwined about a common axis, such as the structure of the DNA molecule, which is made of two linear strands held together in opposite direction through chemical bonds, and which has become twisted into a helix (that is a three-dimensional spiral similar to the shape of a...
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  • Maddie
    directions. Each "rung" of the ladder is made up of two nitrogen bases, paired together by hydrogen bonds. Because of the highly specific nature of this type of chemical pairing, base A always pairs with base T, and likewise C with G. So, if you know the sequence of the bases on one strand of a DNA...
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  • Ch 16
    prokaryotes do not. Topic: Concept 16.2 Skill: Knowledge 23) The strands that make up DNA are antiparallel. This means that A) the twisting nature of DNA creates nonparallel strands. B) the 5' to 3' direction of one strand runs counter to the 5' to 3' direction of the other strand. C) base...
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  • Dna and Dna Test
    same DNA. Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA). The information in DNA is stored as a code made up of four chemical bases: adenine (A), guanine (G...
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  • Biology Unit 1 Module 2
    DNA molecules, the double helix structure is held together by hydrogen bonds between complementary base pairs. In order for bases to orient themselves in this way, one DNA strand will run in a 5’to 3’ direction whilst the other strand runs in this way but in an antiparallel direction. The...
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  • nucleic acids
    triphosphates bind to complementary bases on the template strand, and are joined by phosphate diester linkages. An animation of this process for DNA replication was presented earlier. A characteristic "stop sequence" of nucleotides terminates the RNA synthesis. The messenger molecule (colored orange...
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  • Bio Study Guide
    . Many genes found were responsible for human diseases. a. This type of genomics has revealed little difference between DNA sequence of our bases and those of many other organisms. Abnormal Chromosome Structure: Are not necessarily bad; some can be good, can be what natural...
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  • DNA history
    -in duplicate of the encoded information. The two strands of DNA run in opposite directions to each other and are therefore anti-parallel, one backbone being 3′ (three prime) and the other 5′ (five prime). This refers to the direction the 3rd and 5th carbon on the sugar molecule is facing. Attached...
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  • Biology
    anatomical differences may produce inconclusive results. New studies comparing the sequence of nucleotides in DNA are beginning to yield more antiparallel describes two adja- cent nucleotide polymers running in opposite directions relative to one another adenosine triphosphate (ATP) a nucleotide...
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  • From Genes to Genome
    to these pairs of bases as complementary, and hence to one strand as the complement of the other. Note that the two DNA strands run in opposite directions. In a conventional representation of a double-stranded sequence the `top' strand has a 5H hydroxyl group at the left-hand end (and is said to be...
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  • Biology
    base sequence of its complementary strand can be easily deduced. vi. Complementary base pairing : In each pair, the two bases of the opposite strands are joined by hydrogen bonds. A and T are joined by two hydrogen bonds, while G and C are joined by three hydrogen bonds. This is called complementary...
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  • Basic Concepts in Biochemistry a Students Survival Guide 2d Ed - Hiram F. Gilbert
    codes for a protein, the top strand is usually arranged so that it matches the sequence of the RNA that would be made from the DNA (see later). In Fig. 4-2, you’re looking at a base pair as it would be seen from above, looking down the helix axis. The DNA double helix has two grooves—the major and...
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  • Biochemistry Notes
    semi-conservative (one old strand and one new strand make up the new DNA molecules), this complementary base pairing allows the two DNA molecules to be identical to each other as they have the same base sequence. The new strands formed are complementary to their template strands but also identical to...
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