=0.50(83000) + 0.30(67000) + 0.15(64000) + 0.05(48000) = 41,500 + 20,100 + 9,600 + 2,400... = $73,600 $73,600 is the forecast for 2013 Q2. Using exponential smoothing with a weight of 0.6 on actual values: a) If sales are $45,000 and $50,000 for 2010 and 2011, what would you forecast for 2012? (The first forecast is equal to the actual value of the preceding year.) Actual values are 2010: $45,000 2011:...
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Question # 3 [10 Marks] A weather satellite has an expected life of 10 years from the time it is place into earth’s orbit.... Determine its probability of failure after each of the following lengths of service. (Assume Exponential distribution is appropriate.) [ 3 marks for a, b, and 4 marks for c] a. 5 years [3 marks] b. 12 years [3 marks] f. What is the probability that the satellite will fail between 5 and 12 years after being placed into earth’s orbit? [4 marks] ...
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of short range forecasting with an averaging period of three weeks to develop a forecast of the demand for the CTR 5922 component in Week 13. What is... the mean absolute deviation for averaging period of 3 weeks and 5 weeks? Exponential Smoothing A toy company buys large quantities of plastic pellets for use in the manufacture of its products. The Production Manager wants to develop a forecasting system for plastic pellet prices. The price per kilo of plastic pellets has varied...
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250,000 20X5 $6,300,000 6=$37,750,000 For 20X5 I divided by 6 (which represents the values 1+2+3=6), which equals $6,291,667 or $6,300,000 as a weighted... average. From the information gathered a prediction for the forecast can be made. Exponential smoothing: The alpha method of 0.95 would work here. The formula would look like this: NF=LF + a (LD- LF) Last Forecast (LF) = $6,300,000 Last Data (LD) = $6,750,000 a = 0.9 NF = LF + (LD LF) NF = 6,300,000 + 0.95(6,750,000 - 6,300,000) NF=6,300...
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|Total | Problem 3: A firm uses simple exponential smoothing with [pic] to forecast demand. The forecast for... the week of January 1 was 500 units whereas the actual demand turned out to be 450 units. Calculate the demand forecast for the week of January 8. Problem 4: Exponential smoothing is used to forecast automobile battery sales. Two value of [pic] are examined, [pic] and [pic] Evaluate the accuracy of each smoothing constant. Which is preferable? (Assume the forecast for...
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eightweek period have been 14, 9, 30, 22, 34, 12, 19, 23. a. Suppose that three-week moving averages are used to forecast sales. Determine the one-step-ahead... forecasts for weeks 4 through 8. b. Suppose that exponential smoothing is used with a smoothing constant of α = 0.15. Find the exponential smoothing forecasts for weeks 4 through 8. c. Based on the MAD, which method did better? Solution: a. Week 4 5 6 7 8 b. and c. You may start ES forecast from week 1 or start ES forecast from week 4 using MA(3) forecast...
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Exponential Smoothing Forecasting Method with Naïve start Formula: Ft = α (At-1) + (1 – α) (Ft – 1)... where: Ft Forecast for time t Ft – 1 Past forecast; 1 time ahead or earlier than time t At-1 Past Actual data; 1 time ahead or earlier than time t α (read as alpha) as a smoothing constant takes the...
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THE THEORETICAL CONSTRUCTION OF INCOME SMOOTHING MEASUREMENT Alwan Sri Kustono Jember University E-Mail: alwankustono@yahoo.com Tegal... Besar Permai 2-E1,Jember,Propinsi Jawa Timur,Indonesia ABSTRACT The income smoothing is a dimension of the accounts manipulation theme that has been a ttracting a great attention in the accounting literature. A goal of manipulation widely as cribed to managers is the desire to smooth. Reported income, Income smoothing reflects reducing the possible income fluctuations...
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SMOOTHING TECHNIQUES Several techniques are available to forecast time-series data that are stationary or that include no significant trend,... cyclical, or seasonal effects. These techniques are often referred to as smoothing techniques because they produce forecasts based on “smoothing out” the irregular fluctuation effects in the time-series data. Three general categories of smoothing techniques are presented here: • Naive forecasting models are simple models in which it is assumed that the...
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Choose one of the forecasting methods and explain the rationale behind using it in real life. I would choose to use the exponential... smoothing forecast method. Exponential smoothing method is an average method that reacts more strongly to recent changes in demand than to more distant past data. Using this data will show how the forecast will react more strongly to immediate changes in the data. This is good to examine when dealing with seasonal patterns and trends that may be taking place. I would...
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accurate forecast possible so they can plan for the demands. There are forecasting tools that assist with making calculations to receive the best outcome by... your company’s needs. The tools are moving average, weighted moving average and exponential smoothing. The moving average takes the total of actual demand for previous months then divides by the number of months added. The number of months that is used can be predefined such as using the previous three months. This is the simplest and easiest...
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univariate forecast this depends only on Xn, Xn-1,…… In simple exponential smoothing, the one-step-ahead predictor can be... written in the recurrence form Xt(1)= Lt+ Tt+ It-p+1 Where the smoothing parameter, α, is usually constrained so that 0 < α <1. The Holt-Winters method (sometimes called the Winters method or seasonal exponential smoothing) generalizes this approach to deal with trend and seasonality. Let α, γ, δ denote three smoothing parameters and let p denote the number of observations per...
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principles. Profits can be changed easily by using certain accounting methods or manipulating accruals. When discovered, this information will have a... negative effect on a company's share price and its reputation in general. Methods of Income Smoothing In order to present a more positive result to shareholders and a more favorable view of company’s results, numerous methods exist that can be used by accountants. Most methods are achieved by using book entries. The Depreciation Method The...
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Case 5-1 Income Smoothing a. Firstly, investors tend to invest in companies with stable earnings rather than one with volatile earnings.... With stable earnings, there will be more likely an issuance of dividends and investors could easily predict the company’s future earnings compared to one with unstable earnings. With consistent earnings generated, it gives investors a secured feeling that it will again generate earnings as predicted. Confidence in the growth of rate of earnings is crucial because...
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Solving Exponential and Logarithmic Equations Exponential Equations (variable in exponent position) 1. Isolate the... exponential portion ( base exp onent ): Move all non-exponential factors or terms to the other side of the equation. 2. Take ln or log of each side of the equation. • Make sure to use ln if the base is “e”. Then remember that ln e = 1 . • Make sure to use log if the base is 10. • If the base is neither “e” nor “10”, use either ln or log, your choice.. 3. Bring the power (exponent)...
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CHAPTER 2 EXPONENTIAL AND LOGARITHMS FUNCTIONS (534) 2.1 Exponential functions and their graph Definition An... exponential function with base b is defined by the equation [pic] Or [pic] ([pic] [pic]and x is a real number) The domain of any exponential function is the interval ([pic] The range is the interval [pic] Example 1: Graph the exponential function [pic] Example 2: Graph the exponential function [pic] Properties of exponential functions ...
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a relation in which each element of the domain is paired with exactly one element in the range. Two types of functions are the exponential... functions and the logarithmic functions. Exponential functions are the functions in the form of y = ax, where ''a'' is a positive real number, greater than zero and not equal to one. Logarithmic functions are the inverse of exponential functions, y = loga x, where ''a'' is greater to zero and not equal to one. These functions have certain differences as well as...
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EXPONENTIAL AND LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS I.EXPONENTIAL FUNCTION A. Definition An exponential function is a function defined... by f(x) = ax , where a > 0 and a ≠ 1. The domain of the function is the set of real numbers and the range is the set of positive numbers. B. Evaluating Exponential Functions 1. Given: f(x) = 2x, find a. f(3) = ____ b. f(5) = _____ c. f(-2) = ______ d. f(-4) = ______ 2. Evaluate f(x) = ( 1)x if 2 a. x = 2 ____ b. x = 4 _____ c. x = -3 ______ d...
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21. Optimization 2 Test 3 22. Exponential Functions 23.... Logarithmic Functions 24. Compound Interest 25. Differentiation of Exponential Functions 26. Differential of Logarithmic Functions 27. Exponential Functions as Mathematical Models Test 4 ...
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OUR RIGHT AS A CUSTOMER DISADVANTAGES OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISM SAY NO TO GMO WHAT IS GMO?? DISADVANTAGES... OF GMO?? Environmental Impacts used to enhance a more common food crop, such as corn, it might introduce a similar allergen which could have a severe health impact to the consumer. An alteration to a certain plant might make it inedible or harmful to another organism such as an insect that relies on it for food. It can harm organisms that are desirable or ...
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G Exploring Exponential Models 1 x 3. y 5 2 Q 5 R Graph each function. 1. y 5 (0.3)x 6 Date 2. y 5 3x y 6 y y... 4 4 2 2 x x Ϫ2 O 2 Ϫ2 O 2 x Ϫ2 O 1 4. y 5 2(3)x 5. s(t) 5 2.5t y 6 s(t) 6 f(x) 4 2 4 6 4 1 6. f (x) 5 2(5)x 2 2 2 Ϫ2 O x t x 2 1 x 7. y 5 0.99 Q 3 R decay; 0.99 Ϫ2 O Ϫ2 O 2 2 Without graphing, determine whether the function represents exponential growth or exponential...
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Additionally, there is increased trade and outsourcing among nations which basically results in these nations working like partners because they are working... together in order to better their situation. Globalization has advantages as well as disadvantages. It is viewed as a cause for increasing problems and also as a way of balancing things with one another. Globalization is all around, can be seen everywhere, and effects everyone. Globalization is a continuous process through which different...
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even to watch their favourite sit-com series. Of course, with its few advantages, television has many more disadvantages. As we have stepped... into the twentieth century, this thingamajig has proven to give its viewers a lot of disadvantages such as health problems, violence, and last but not least, escapism from the actual world. First and foremost, health problems are one of the disadvantages that make television as one of the worst inventions in the world. People are mostly sitting and eating junk...
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DISADVANTAGE OF EXTRACURRICULAR… Students have a variety of extracurricular activities to choose, from speech team to chorus to multiple... sports for every season. This variety can benefit students immensely. According to the children's education company Scholastic, extracurriculars let your child enjoy himself in a fun, stress-free environment, get some exercise and make friends outside of school. For all the positive aspects, extracurricular activities can cause some problems for students. Be...
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must stop smoking. This essay will detail the disadvantages holding you back while you continue to smoke, as well as the benefits of quitting.... Darrael Robinson How many times have you said this to yourself? I Darrael Robinson The Disadvantages of Smoking Cigarettes and the Advantages of Quitting The Disadvantages of Smoking Cigarettes and the Advantages of...
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Disadvantages of Internet In Learning of Engineering Students Researchers: Leader: Albert Deinla Assistant Leader: Melina Baluyot... Members: Martin Alviz Trisha Batungbakal Julius Bautista July 9, 2015 CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION Across the modern world, internet is practically used by lots of people because it’s really accessible and fast to use especially for college students, to apply its main purpose of convenience to do a specific task. The problem is how it...
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1 HSC PHYSICS > MOTORS AND GENERATORS| AC & DC Gather secondary information to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of AC and DC... generators and relate these to their use. AC generators Advantages The slip rings of an AC generator have a continuous surface that allows the brushes to remain in contact with the ring’s surface. Thus the brushes in an AC generator do not wear out as fast as in a DC generator as they do not create an electric short circuit every half-turn. Therefore...
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cameras, cars, computers and lights are some technologies that human uses in their daily lives. These technologies really provide them many advantages. It is... easy to think about the advantages however, for your information technology has also disadvantages. Science and Technology helps human beings make their lives easier in such a way that it helps them in every sector. Like in transportation, through cars, airplanes or trains, they can travel faster to their desired places. From inventions...
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Information technology in the business world: its advantages and disadvantages. Communication technology is one of the most important... facilities of information technology (IT) for the people around the world. It changed the human life by made it easier to communicate between each other also it make the world look like small village. People now communicate between each other’s by different ways comparison to the past. As a result businesses also change and develop by using communication technology...
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you file your personal taxes. This is the concept of double taxation: first the company was taxed for its profits, and later shareholders were taxed for... their dividends. (https://www.boundless.com/business/types-business-ownership/corporations/disadvantages-corporations/) In many countries, corporate profits are taxed at a corporate tax rate, and dividends paid to shareholders are taxed at a separate rate. Such a system is sometimes referred to as “double taxation”, because any profits distributed...
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will benefit your organization for the long haul. Fortunately, there are a variety of ways to make sure you pick the right employees who will stay with your... company. The following are instructions on how to prevent quick employee turn-around. Disadvantage of Total Quality Management (TQM) Initial Introduction Costs – A project's initial costs are those that are incurred during the design and construction process. For project alternatives that use new and relatively unproven technologies, special...
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Democracy What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Democratic System in Belize? Democracy is a government by the people or a form of... government in which the sovereign power resides in the people as a whole state and is exercised either directly by them or by officers elected by them. In modern use it vaguely denotes a social state in which all have equal rights, without hereditary or arbitrary differences of rank or privilege. It is from the suffix “-ocracy” by which we can determine the...
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cutting cost and providing adequate medical care especially when distance is an obstacle to the patient or the physician. It is a way of preventing... re-admission due to the option of easy follow up made available by telemedicine. Some of the disadvantages of telemedicine are 1) Low levels of trust between the patient and physician. 2) Insecurity of maintaining the privacy of patient medical information. 3) Communication disparity that may arise especially with patients of dementia and sensory...
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Disadvantage of Technology Hidden camera We have stepped into the 21st century and the world has given us some unbelievable technology... that sometimes it seems to be a dream. But when we look at the backside of the latest technology, we find that we have made these technologies for our destruction if wrongly used by the wrong people. If the people of the world use these technologies in a right way, we all are going to be benefited out of it , but if the motive of a human being is not positive...
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Advertisement? Advantages and disadvantages. . . There is several definition of advertisement but we can simply define it in following Words... Advertising is the paid, impersonal, one-way marketing of persuasive information from an identified sponsor disseminated through channels of mass communication to promote the adoption of goods, services or ideas. Objectives of advertisement. Advertisers want to generate increased consumption of their commercial products and services. Advertising messages...
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Disadvantages of science * Due to advancement of science, the identity and cultures are faded; the diseases are produced at an alarming... rate and pollution is increased in geometric ratio. * Because of the advancement of science in unwanted business, people are so busy that even a child cannot recognize a father. * Many illegal and prohibited works are increased. * One is not able to take a sound sleep and breathe fresh air. * The black history of Hiroshima and Nagasaki shows...
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Exponential Functions in Business Turgenbayeva Aiida ID 20092726 Variant 2 Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics and Strategic... Research MSC1101 Mathematics for Business and Economics Instructor: Dilyara Nartova Section #2 Summer-I 2009 Abstract This project reflects my knowledge and understanding of the interest rate, its types, formula and its evaluation in order to determine the most profitable type of investment scheme for National Bank wishing to increase...
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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People Why are Indigenous people in Australia still disadvantaged with regard to health care and services?... For the last 200 years Indigenous people have been victims of discrimination, prejudice and disadvantage. Poor education, poor living conditions and general poverty are still overwhelming issues for a large percentage of our people and we remain ‘as a group, the most poverty stricken sector of the working class’ in Australia (Cuthoys 1983). As...
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Transition Exponential Smoothing James W. Taylor Saïd Business School University of Oxford Journal of Forecasting, 2004, Vol.... 23, pp. 385-394. Address for Correspondence: James W. Taylor Saïd Business School University of Oxford Park End Street Oxford OX1 1HP, UK Tel: +44 (0)1865 288927 Fax: +44 (0)1865 288805 Email: james.taylor@sbs.ox.ac.uk Smooth Transition Exponential Smoothing SMOOTH TRANSITION EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHING Abstract Adaptive exponential smoothing methods allow a smoothing parameter...
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Global Warming: An exponential threat We currently live in a highly globalized world from every point of view (technological,... scientific, cultural, economic, communicative, etc.) hence, one of the most negative effects that generated globalization has been the growing ecological imbalance that has harmed the planet. The global warming has become of the most dangerous threats and challenges to face in the 21st century. Many companies and factories are currently one of the main factors which...
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Densie Keaton Social Networking Advantages and Disadvantages HLT 610 Grand Canyon University Finding the advantages and... disadvantages of social networking for career advancement was to say the least interesting. The employment advancement with Social media in education can teach students marketing skills early on in the process. When using sites like Facebook, twitter, and Instagram individuals are able to send information about themselves out to millions of people. If that same person...
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than 4 billon people and devices that connected everywhere and every time. School will have less and less of student most of thee class will be online.... On the other hand, not every thing came from inter net is great. There are a few disadvantages that are related to the inter net. For instance, many of the artists said they lost billons because their work can be found on the for free. If You can get a movie or song for free why should go buy it. Even, after many rules still there is big...
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the surrounding us world, therefore it help us to catch and avoid being dropped back from the world of information. Everyone must agree that the advantages... of watching television are very considerable. But beside those benefits, there are some disadvantages that we must notice to be sure that we watch television most effectively. Everything contains good side and bad side and television has no exception. Technology has grown at a tremendous fast rate and continues to progress rapidly. Today's children...
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friends. Parents who send their children to public school do not have to purchase books and supplies. Most public school children have two parents working... full time jobs and are able to afford things easier than a family of only one income. A disadvantage for the parents of home schooled children is the financial burden it can put on the family. Parents who choose to home Homeschooling 4 school their children, as opposed to free public schooling are responsible for purchasing what...
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The primary disadvantages of democracy are a general lack of accountability, the prospect of personal interest becoming the predominant factor... in decisions, and negative financial implications. A democracy lays the power to make decisions in the hands of the majority. This, ironically, places an emphasis on both individual and group power. A group controls the decision-making process, but an influential individual can control the group. The issue with democracy, in spite of the power of the people...
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people(tourists) away from their usual habitat, the activities of people away from their usual habitat will normally give rise to an industry and the... activities of both the people and the industry may or will have impact on the host community. 2.0 DISADVANTAGES OF TOURISM 2.1 THREATHEN INDIGENOUS IDENTITY Tourism gives positive impacts to a country but the impacts arise when tourism brings about changes in value systems and behaviour, thereby threatens indigenous identity. Furthermore, changes often...
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are two main disadvantages of globalisation. One is about the culture crisis; another is inequality between the developed countries and the... developing countries. In this essay, I will try to present what is happening negatively alongside the prevalence of globalisation. And analyze the two main aspects of disadvantages with some useful examples. After all, discuss how to manage these problems and suggest what will happen in the future.I think we generation should know the disadvantages of globalisation...
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Computers and the Internet are great items for the household, but along with these advantages there are disadvantages. They are constantly... changing the way that we live and do business. The Internet puts tons of information at a click of a button. This information is a great educational tool for children. The Internet can be very dangerous to young children, and there is also research being done now about possible problems that adults have with computers. It is the parents’ responsibility to make...
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effects of caffeine on the body differ from one person to another. The most common source of Caffeine is the Coffee. In this informative speech you will... learn about , What is caffeine? What are the benefits we get from caffeine and what are the disadvantages when taking too much of it. Caffeine is a bitter, white crystalline xanthine alkaloid and a stimulant drug. Caffeine is found in varying quantities in the seeds, leaves, and fruit of some plants, where it acts as a natural pesticide that paralyzes...
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Energy Drinks Case Study innovation in the beverage market. They compete with water, soft drinks, juices, tea, and other common drinks, which... are in low prices, good and long history of... Premium Advantages And Disadvantages Of Having a Working Mother item at home was fruits (74%); followed by Junk food (that is potato crisp, soft drinks) (58%); and Dairy products (50%). The availability of fruits at home suggests... Premium Energy Drink Case ...
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Breyan Ms. White English 1213, 023 November 3, 2003 Disadvantages of Human Cloning - Loss of Human Identity Cloning has always... been a subject whose thoughts both fascinates and frightens the world. On February 27, 1997, a stunning announcement appeared in the British journal Nature that rocked the scientific world: for the first time ever recorded, a mammal- a lamb named Dolly had been successfully cloned from an adult cell. Coinciding with this shocking proclamation, scientist reported...
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Disadvantages of Science Science cannot explain many supernatural and super-civilization phenomena. For example, we often ask what it is out... of our universe, and what it is out of that universe which is already out of our universe. When asking many times, we finally believe that the question must be explained based on philosophy knowledge. However, philosophy is more like a way of thinking, but not a specific method. Just like working out a math problem, philosophy is just an idea of solving, like...
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Berners-Lee created the first World Wide Web server and browser, which were opened for commercial use a year later. In 1994, the trends of online banking and... the integration of online pizza ordering took place. Ever since then the internet has experience exponential growth, making possible for people all around the world to buy anything they want, whenever they want. Second: Benefits of Online shopping: According to Diana Ransom, author of “ Personal Business: Online Shopping Sites With Extra Benefits”...
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used when situation is stable and historical data exist Existing products Current technology Involve mathematical technique Quantitative Forecast... Methods Time Series Models – used history data to predict future demand Moving average, Exponential smoothing, Trend projection Associative Models – Use other factor that can predict demand other that historical Linear regression Seasonality Repeating upward or downward movement of demand in periods of less than one year (with in 1 year)*** ...
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Vicki Jackson Professor Perry English 100-03 16 Feb. 2011 Disadvantages of Texting Texting on the phone while driving can be a very... dangerous thing to do. As someone looks at the phone and concentrates on the text messages, they will become distracted from driving. Distracted drivers can cause car accidents and injuries or death to themselves or others. Texting causes delayed reactions, which increase the chance of getting into an accident. According to Cary Aspinwall, when texting while...
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------------------------------------------------- DISADVANTAGES -------------------------------------------------... ------------------------------------------------- Internet addiction disorder Internet addiction disorder (IAD), or, more broadly, Internet overuse, problematic computer use or pathological computer use, is excessive computer use that interferes with daily life. These terms avoid the term addiction and are not limited to any single cause. IAD was originally proposed as a disorder in...
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clear. 7. It can be used every where you go only if the person you are interacting with is with you. 8. Speech can be direct and to the point. Some... non-verbal communication such as gestures have different meaning in different countries. DISADVANTAGE OF COMMUNICATION ARE; 1. It can be quickly forgotten 2. You can not provide legal evidence. 3. Sometimes, you can not remember each and every point. 4. Poor presentation of the message or the instruction can result in misunderstanding and...
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Sole Proprietorship Profits and Losses – Advantages: Proprietor receives all the profits because he or... she takes all the risks. Disadvantages: Losses are not shared. Liability - Disadvantages: 1) The proprietor has unlimited liability. 2) If the firm is unable to pay its bills, the proprietor can be force to sell personal assets as well as the business to pay debts. Management – Advantages: 1) Decisions on starting and running the business can be made...
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In mathematics, the exponential function is the function ex, where e is the number (approximately 2.718281828) such that the function ex is its... own derivative.[1][2] The exponential function is used to model a relationship in which a constant change in the independent variable gives the same proportional change (i.e. percentage increase or decrease) in the dependent variable. The function is often written as exp(x), especially when it is impractical to write the independent variable as a superscript...
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Introduction The income smoothing literature has been the centre of attention in the accounting world for the past few decades. When... companies experience economic turbulence due to a poor performance year, they turn to the accounting management department to resolve the bottom line. A strategy that managers can approach is changing the true information content of the company. As a result this has led managers to resort to smoothing their income. Many questions have been raised whether or not...
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