• Randomz
    Introduction to Sociology of Deviance and Crime 2. Theoretical Diversity or Plain Confusion? 3. Problematizing the Study of Deviance, Crime and Social Control: Some Conceptual and Methodological Issues Lecture Outline 1. Cesare Beccaria and Classical Criminology 2. Cesare Lombroso...
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  • Gang Involvement
    Marginal Youth’s Subcultural Factors Marginal Youth’s Subcultural Factors Underlying Their Gang Involvement: A Comparative Study in Three Chinese Metropolitan Cities* Ngan-pun Ngai, Ph.D., Chau-kiu Cheung, Ph.D. ABSTRACT Marginal youth tend to form stronger subcultural values when they engage...
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  • The Problem of Multicollinearity
    probably much disagreement over it, the following are some of the important assumptions in most, if not all, social disorganization theories. 1. Crime and delinquency are caused primarily by social factors (environmental determinism) 2. The facts speak imperfectly for themselves, but better if fitted...
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  • United States Marine Corps
    Rational Choice Deterrence Positivist Routine Activities Individual Trait Labeling Reintegrative Shaming Social Disorganization Critical Differential Association Social Learning Subcultural Peacemaking Anomie Institutional-Anomie Feminism General Strain Developmental Life Course Control General...
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  • Criminology
    The Social bond theory is the criminological theory that helps explain this connection between this crime and the nature of people. The Social bond theory was developed and written by Travis Hirschi in 1969. The accurate definition of the Social bond theory by Hirschi (1969) “Elements of social bonding...
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  • Delinquency
    (GST) Subcultural Theories Cohen’s “Lower Class Reaction” Theory Cloward and Ohlin’s “Differential Opportunity” Theory Social Process Theories The Chicago School Shaw and McKay’s “Social Disorganization” Theory Crime Files 6.1 Designing Out Crime Sutherland’s Theory of “Differential Association” In...
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  • Study Guide
    According to moral reasoning, Lawrence Kohlberg, which phase relates to human rights (page 87)- Post-conventional level, individuals examine customs and social rights according to their own sense of universal human rights Moral development theory was pioneered by? (Page 87)- Psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg...
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  • Developments of Schools of Criminology
    sociology of deviance), psychologists and psychiatrists, social anthropologists as well as on writings in law. Criminology is a term used for the study of criminal behavior including factors and causes of crime. This study also deals with the social impact of any crime of the criminal itself and on the...
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  • Social Deviance
    Social Deviance Compiled by Parul Parihar As Young and Mack have pointed out, “No norm is always obeyed; no individual always conforms to every set of expectations”. Hence, deviance, that is, the act of going against the rules or norms...
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  • social disorganization
    SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORIES OF CRIME "How did East New York become a Ghetto" (Walter Thabit)     Social disorganization is a rather difficult term to define.  It basically refers to the failure of social institutions or social organizations (e.g., schools, business, policing, real estate, group...
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  • Juvenile Deliquency
    Penology | Theories | Anomie | Differential Association Theory | Deviance | Labeling Theory | Psychopathy | Rational Choice Theory | Social Control Theory | Social Disorganization Theory | Social Learning Theory | Strain Theory | Subcultural Theory | Symbolic Interactionism · Victimology...
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  • Computer Hacking
    0265-5527, pp. 387–399 Computer Hacking: Just Another Case of Juvenile Delinquency? MAJID YAR Lecturer in Criminology, School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of Kent at Canterbury Abstract: Recent discussions of computer ‘hacking’ make explicit reference to the disproportionate...
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  • Bullying
    Deviance Many sociologists agree that there is no simple definition of the term deviance and proposed that deviance refers to the behaviours that violate social norms of a society. Downes and Rock, suggest that ‘deviance’ may be considered as banned or controlled behaviour which is likely to attract punishment...
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  • Street Art
    A clear and basic definition is the fundamental element in understanding, thus explaining any social scientific concept. Street art is a social phenomenon, characterized by its illegal nature, which social scientists from several subjects have increasingly been examining, interpreting and discussing...
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  • Criminal Justice
    Glueck & Glueck Mednick Caspi Moffitt Shaw & McKay Sampson Bursik & Grasmick Positivist Individual Trait Social Disorganization Differential Association Social Learning Subcultural Sutherland & Cressey Sykes & Matza Akers Wolfgang & Ferracuti Anderson Anomie Institutional-Anomie Merton...
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  • essay
    Summary Social structure theories propose that being in the disadvantaged economic class is the primary cause of crime and, as a result, lower-class crime is often violent and committed by gang members or marginally employed young adults. Social structure theorists argue that people living...
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  • Big Wave and Resort
    sociologists of sports seems to indicate that this new study includes two basic, descriptive approaches: The first includes the study of the culture and social structure within "sport" or a specific sport; the second is directed to the study of sports or a specific sport's relationship with the larger society...
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  • Webers Law on Visual Perception
    CASE ANALYSIS FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION SOCIAL PROBLEMS Stanley 1980 * Those acts and conditions that violate the norms and values present in society * The conditions that virtually cause psychic and material suffering for any segment of the population LIAZOS 1982 * Resulting in...
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  • Criminological Theory
    which causes crime when they interact with the social environment (Williams and McShane, 2009). Other theories include Differential Association Social Learning Subcultural Theory. These theories state that crime is learned through man’s association with criminal definitions, which might be generally...
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  • The Usual Suspects
    circumstances, lack of capable guardians, socialization of an individual, social disorganization, status frustration, gender inequality, opportunity, and masculinity. Each one of these variables is important because it shows how social forces push an individual to be deviant and to engage in criminal activity...
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