manager must find ways to motivate the people working on the task. In order to understand how to motivate the people, a project manager must understand the differencebetween management and leadership. An understanding of motivation methods, including the traditional theories from the early to mid...
List of pros and cons of using the TheoryX versus TheoryYTheoryX
*Dislike work and attempts to avoid it
*Has no ambition, wants no responsiblity and would rather follow than lead.
*Is self centread and therefore does not care about organizational goals.
*Riesist change.
*Is...
capital extensively while India specialises on commodity Y by using the cheap factor labour available in the country.
The Ohlin's theory concludes that :-
1. The basis of internal trade is the difference in commodity prices in the two countries.
2. Differences in the commodity prices are due...
< r < 1. Formally, if one is indifferent between (w - x, p; w, 1 -p) and (w - y), then one should prefer probabilistic insurance (w-x, (1-r)p; w-y, rp; w-ry, 1-p) over regular insurance (w-y). To prove this proposition, we show that pu (w-x) + (1-p) u (w) = u (w-y) implies
(1- r)pu(w -x) + rpu(w...
relationship between variables, X and Y, differs depending on the value of a third variable, Z.
bidirectional: when two variables are conceptualized as influencing each other
unanalyzed: two variables are connected, but the theorist is not going to specify why they are correlated.
Path diagram...
FLEXUAL STRESSES IN BENDING
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the validity of the simple bending equation for slender members.
THEORY
Stress-strain relationship;
[pic]Ɛx= σx/E from ɛx=y/R
Ɛx=[pic]/E=y/R or [pic][pic]x/y=E/R...
management initiatives for the employees as well as operational management and technology management through HR principles and knowledge management involving technological advances . Some of the theories that could be discussed in the context would be McGregor 's theoryX-Y , Taylor and Fayol...
://www.trainanddevelop.co.uk/article/frederick-herzberg-theory-of-motivation-a78> [Accessed: 01 Nov 2013]
McGregor’s TheoryX and Y
Social psychologist Douglas McGregor of MIT expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: The XTheory and...
lie outside their respective PPFs.
Just as in the Ricardian or fixed cost model, the key to the increased consumption due to trade is to be found in the differencebetween the autarky prices of goods X and Y in the two countries.
6.5.1 Productive specialization Under Increasing Costs.
In the neo...
of a commodity is expected
to increase the quantity demanded of that commodity. Thus, economic
theory postulates a negative or inverse relationship between the price
and quantity demanded of a commodity. But the theory itself does not provide
any numerical measure of the relationship between the...
well.
1) Agree 2) Disagree
5. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR THEORIES
Douglas McGregor's- TheoryX, TheoryY & Theory Z
5.1 TheoryX - Classical Theory
Three Assumptions
• The average human being has an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it.
• Most people must be coerced, controlled...
person with TheoryY is an individual with the ability to make innovative decisions.
TheoryX and TheoryY always reflect of dependable situation.
Differencebetween Maslow’s theory and TheoryX & TheoryY.
|Maslow’s Theory |TheoryX & TheoryY...
evolution of McGregor’s TheoryX and TheoryY in relation to the development of management theory. Moreover will be explaining the definition of X and Ytheory and its relevance to 21st century.
McGregor proposed two contrasting sets of managerial assumptions about the workers. He further...
any x∈U,
B
B
g) µ X ∪Y (x) ≥ max ( µ X ( x), µYB ( x)) for any x∈U,
B
B
h) µ X ∩Y (x) ≤ min ( µ X ( x), µYB ( x)) for any x∈U,
The above properties show clearly the differencebetween fuzzy and rough membership. In
particular properties g) and h) show that the rough membership formally can...
value of Y (“post-test” or “post-measurement”) but the change in the value of Ybetween pre-test and post-test in each case. The experiment is aimed at generating differences in mean values of the change in the value of Ybetween groups of cases with different values of X.
19
Natural experiments...
motivate a person only when lower-level needs have been fulfilled. Every person perceives
the needs in each category.
McGregor’s theoryX and theoryY: According to theoryX and theoryY, there are two
major types of people in an organization (Griffin, 2012).
The theoryX is mainly based on...
similar to Artificial Intelligence and has the ability to self-adjust. 2. Differencebetween Grey System Theory and Mathematical Statistics Probability and statistics, or treating data with statistical rules, is the usual way to solve the uncertainty in system randomness. In mathematical statistics...
definitions of constructs
Research hypothesis (a specific deductive prediction)
DEVELOPING HYPOTHESES & RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Example:
Consider the example of a simple association between two variables, Y and X. 1. Y and X are associated (or, there is an association betweenY and X). 2. Y is...
partly utilised.
DIFFERENCEBETWEENTHEORYX AND THEORYY
Assumptions of TheoryX
1.An average employee intrinsically does not like work and tries to escape it whenever possible.
2. Since the employee does not want to work, he must be persuaded, compelled, or warned with punishment...
the hardest jobs of an organization (Razik & Swanson, 2010). In this essay I will describe several motivational theories Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Douglas McGregor’s X and YTheory, Chris Argyris’s Pattern A and B Theory, Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory, and Path Goal-Setting...