• Motivation
    manager must find ways to motivate the people working on the task. In order to understand how to motivate the people, a project manager must understand the difference between management and leadership. An understanding of motivation methods, including the traditional theories from the early to mid...
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  • Blockbuster
    List of pros and cons of using the Theory X versus Theory Y Theory X *Dislike work and attempts to avoid it *Has no ambition, wants no responsiblity and would rather follow than lead. *Is self centread and therefore does not care about organizational goals. *Riesist change. *Is...
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  • Heckscher-Ohlin Theory
    capital extensively while India specialises on commodity Y by using the cheap factor labour available in the country. The Ohlin's theory concludes that :- 1. The basis of internal trade is the difference in commodity prices in the two countries. 2. Differences in the commodity prices are due...
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  • Prospect Theory
    < r < 1. Formally, if one is indifferent between (w - x, p; w, 1 -p) and (w - y), then one should prefer probabilistic insurance (w-x, (1-r)p; w-y, rp; w-ry, 1-p) over regular insurance (w-y). To prove this proposition, we show that pu (w-x) + (1-p) u (w) = u (w-y) implies (1- r)pu(w -x) + rpu(w...
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  • Theory Construction and Model Building Skills Summary
    relationship between variables, X and Y, differs depending on the value of a third variable, Z. bidirectional: when two variables are conceptualized as influencing each other unanalyzed: two variables are connected, but the theorist is not going to specify why they are correlated. Path diagram...
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  • Flexural Stresses
    FLEXUAL STRESSES IN BENDING OBJECTIVE To investigate the validity of the simple bending equation for slender members. THEORY Stress-strain relationship; [pic]Ɛx= σx/E from ɛx=y/R Ɛx=[pic]/E=y/R or [pic][pic]x/y=E/R...
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  • The Role of a Modern Industrial Manager
    management initiatives for the employees as well as operational management and technology management through HR principles and knowledge management involving technological advances . Some of the theories that could be discussed in the context would be McGregor 's theory X-Y , Taylor and Fayol...
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  • Motivational theorists
    ://www.trainanddevelop.co.uk/article/frederick-herzberg-theory-of-motivation-a78> [Accessed: 01 Nov 2013] McGregor’s Theory X and Y Social psychologist Douglas McGregor of MIT expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: The X Theory and...
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  • International Economics
    lie outside their respective PPFs. Just as in the Ricardian or fixed cost model, the key to the increased consumption due to trade is to be found in the difference between the autarky prices of goods X and Y in the two countries. 6.5.1 Productive specialization Under Increasing Costs. In the neo...
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  • Econometrics
    of a commodity is expected to increase the quantity demanded of that commodity. Thus, economic theory postulates a negative or inverse relationship between the price and quantity demanded of a commodity. But the theory itself does not provide any numerical measure of the relationship between the...
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  • Organization Behavior Study
    well. 1) Agree 2) Disagree 5. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR THEORIES Douglas McGregor's- Theory X, Theory Y & Theory Z 5.1 Theory X - Classical Theory  Three Assumptions • The average human being has an inherent dislike of work and will avoid it. • Most people must be coerced, controlled...
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  • Organization Behaviou
    person with Theory Y is an individual with the ability to make innovative decisions. Theory X and Theory Y always reflect of dependable situation. Difference between Maslow’s theory and Theory X & Theory Y. |Maslow’s Theory |Theory X & Theory Y...
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  • Mc Gregors Theory X and Y
    evolution of McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y in relation to the development of management theory. Moreover will be explaining the definition of X and Y theory and its relevance to 21st century. McGregor proposed two contrasting sets of managerial assumptions about the workers. He further...
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  • roughset
    any x∈U, B B g) µ XY (x) ≥ max ( µ X ( x), µYB ( x)) for any x∈U, B B h) µ XY (x) ≤ min ( µ X ( x), µYB ( x)) for any x∈U, The above properties show clearly the difference between fuzzy and rough membership. In particular properties g) and h) show that the rough membership formally can...
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  • How to Test a Business Theory
    value of Y (“post-test” or “post-measurement”) but the change in the value of Y between pre-test and post-test in each case. The experiment is aimed at generating differences in mean values of the change in the value of Y between groups of cases with different values of X. 19 Natural experiments...
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  • Management and leadership
    motivate a person only when lower-level needs have been fulfilled. Every person perceives the needs in each category. McGregor’s theory X and theory Y: According to theory X and theory Y, there are two major types of people in an organization (Griffin, 2012). The theory X is mainly based on...
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  • What
    similar to Artificial Intelligence and has the ability to self-adjust. 2. Difference between Grey System Theory and Mathematical Statistics Probability and statistics, or treating data with statistical rules, is the usual way to solve the uncertainty in system randomness. In mathematical statistics...
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  • Developing Hypothesis
    definitions of constructs Research hypothesis (a specific deductive prediction) DEVELOPING HYPOTHESES & RESEARCH QUESTIONS Example: Consider the example of a simple association between two variables, Y and X. 1. Y and X are associated (or, there is an association between Y and X). 2. Y is...
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  • What Determinesrank and Status in a Media Industry
    partly utilised. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THEORY X AND THEORY Y Assumptions of Theory X 1.An average employee intrinsically does not like work and tries to escape it whenever possible. 2. Since the employee does not want to work, he must be persuaded, compelled, or warned with punishment...
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  • Developing a Motivational Plan Essay
    the hardest jobs of an organization (Razik & Swanson, 2010). In this essay I will describe several motivational theories Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Douglas McGregor’s X and Y Theory, Chris Argyris’s Pattern A and B Theory, Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory, and Path Goal-Setting...
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