• CH Review Sheet
    A Comparison Between Montesquieu and Locke: Two Enlightenment Thinkers with Very Different Ideas The period of enlightenment is a time in the history of western thought in which there were dramatic upheavals in the fields of science, philosophy, societies and politics. This marked the end of...
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  • Enlightenment Philosophers
    Enlightenment Philosopher|Lived|Publications|Enlightenment Principle| Adam Smith|||| John Locke|||| Thomas Hobbes|||| Voltaire|||| Baron Charles de Montesquieu|||| Jean-Jacques Rousseau|||| Thomas Jefferson|||| William Blackstone|||| John Locke (1632-1704) The British...
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  • Montesquieu Constructed the Blueprint of the American Politics
    powers. Montesquieu was not the first one to present the separation of powers. Earlier, an English philosopher, John Locke, had presented the concept of the separation of powers. So by contrasting to Montesquieu, John Locke deserves to be called the pioneer of the modern doctrine of the separation...
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  • Study Guides
    Skepticism - Questioning and doubting everything Tabula rasa - John Locke; human mind being a blank tablet at birth Philosophes - group of French intelligence who brought light of knowledge to ignorant people during the Enlightenment Separation of powers - political power divided by a...
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  • Enlightenment
    about the Nazi Germany and gas chambers, we can conclude that there is no such a thing like individual rights in Totalitarian states. Another English Enlightenment thinker –John Locke-who was widely known the father of Classical Liberalism had a profound influence on political philosophy. Zuckert...
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  • Philosophers Contributing to Modern Government
    and eighteenth century European political philosophy, some conservative and some radical. Locke's version belongs on the radical side of the spectrum. These radical natural right theories influenced the ideologies of the American and French revolutions. Locke defines political power to be a right...
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  • Pappappero
    have a say in their government. As the country moved toward the drafting of the Constitution, the ideas of several Enlightenment philosophers shaped the direction American political leaders tool. For instance, Montesquieu’s idea about the balance of power between three branches of government was...
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  • Drunk Driving
    the philosophies was Francois-Marie Arouet, who took the name Voltaire. Montesquieu Pg 56 Studied the governments of Europe, from Italy to England. Rousseau Pg 57 Jean- Jacques Rousseau, believed that people in their natural state were basically good. John Locke Pg 55 One seventeenth...
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  • Sperit of Lows
    applied the classical Aristotelian principle that the best is a mean between extremes.15 Despite relying on pure rationalism, as other liberal philosophers for instance Locke would have done it, Montesquieu thus used a value-oriented Aristotelian approach in order to evaluate the advantages 19 10 11...
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  • Ch. 01 the Colonial Era
    /moxie/moxiepix/a2254.jpg "The basis of our political systems is the right of the people to make and to alter their constitutions of government." -George Washington "The end [purpose] of law is, not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom." -John Locke Baron de Montesquieu...
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  • Role of Politics
    of political societies (especially in the wake of the English Civil War, the American Revolution and the French Revolution) led to new questions and insights by such thinkers as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Montesquieu and John Locke. These theorists were driven by two basic questions: one, by what...
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  • James Madisons contribution to the Enlightenment
    these philosophers and philosophes were political revolutionaries such as Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Cesare Baccaria, Baron de Montesquieu, David Hume, and John Locke. The ideas they promoted and would later be adopted by flourishing democracies included the individual’s freedom of expression...
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  • Historical Philosophers
    tyrannical government. In conclusion, didn’t incorporate every aspect of a republic though, in Machiavelli’s time republics worked well because they were small and the people of that society had similar beliefs and morals. John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington, a small village in the...
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  • Comparing Great Philosophers
    western society in the form of Canadian parliamentarianism and American republicanism. What influenced Locke to become what he is today were the harsh realities of political intrigue during the conflict between Anglicans and Puritans over who was to succeed Charles II. Locke believed that the emerging...
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  • Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution
    not only new human knowledge but also a new perspective on the acquisition of knowledge, such as the scientific method. Separation of Power A political idea, developed by John Locke and the Baron de Montesquieu, that power in government should be divided into separate branches—typically legislative...
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  • Enlightenment
    and Possible Projects 1. Have individual students or groups focus upon the background, ideas and actions of Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Diderot and develop presentations for the rest of the class, or possibly a debate between the characters. 2. Suggest students examine the ideas and...
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  • Essay
    Leviathan. In Hobbes’s view, such a government was an absolute monarchy, which could impose order and demand obedience. John Locke 1. John Locke held a different, more positive, view of human nature. Locke believed that people could learn from experience and improve themselves. 2. According...
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  • Significance of the Enlightenment in the Development of the Scientific Method of Inquiry
    ). Locke had great influence on philosophy and political philosophy, especially on the development of Liberalism. His theories influenced Voltaire much and his theories on Liberalism and social contract also contributed a lot to Constitution of the United States and its Declaration of Independence...
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  • French Revolution
    Philosophes making a difference in the French revolution. The French Revolution was actually 3 revolutions rolled into 1; each revolution had a distinct purpose in terms of its enlightened philosophy, political goals, and economic ambitions.” The French revolution was rolled into one through...
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  • The Enlightenment
    little reason. Montesquieu was also influenced by the great thinkers of the era, including John Locke and Isaac Newton. He believed in a God that created regulations and order that would be followed in the physical world. He was nonetheless convinced that God didn’t manage human concerns, and...
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