Environmental Problems, Their Causes, and Sustainability
Living in an Exponential Age
• Exponentialgrowth – concept in which a quantity increases at a constant rate per unit of time
• Global economic output is a rough measure of the human use of the earth’s resources
EXPONENTIALGROWTH: Example: 2,4,8,16,32,64,128,256,512,1024,
2048,4096,8193,16384,32768,65536,131072,etc,etc. It starts off
slowly, but after only a few doublings it grows to enormous
numbers because each doubling is more than the total of all earlier
What is an Environmentally Sustainable Society?
Environmental Science is an Interdisciplinary Study
A. Environmental Science
Studies how the earth works, our interaction with the earth, and the methods/procedures we use to deal with environmental problems.
1. The biosphere is the natural world:...
which a quantity increases at a fixed percentage per unit of time is Exponentialgrowth. Living in an exponential age is a cause for concern because we cannot sustain such a level of growth. If Earth’s population is growing in an exponential pattern the population would be too large and there would not be...
services based on their environmental benefits. Such a product or service may be environmentally friendly in itself or produced and/or packaged in an environmentally friendly way.
Green marketing must satisfy two objectives: improved environmental quality and customer satisfaction. Misjudging
have a production function.
True (What is operations management? moderate)
4. Operations management is the set of activities that create value in the form of goods and services
by transforming inputs into outputs.
True (What is operations management? easy)
5. An example of a "hidden" production function...
Motor Corporation. Two years later, Toyota entered into a joint venture with General Motors called NUMMI, the New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc, operating an automobile-manufacturing plant in Fremont, California. The factory was an old General Motors plant that had been closed for two years. Toyota then...
economic growth is unlimited
Success depends on management of Earth’s life – support systems for ourselves
Humans are the most important species – ethical responsibility to care for other species
Will not run out of resources but should not waste them
Encourage environmentally beneficial...
Questions – Chapter 1
Environmental Problems, Their Causes, and Sustainability
Describe what is meant by the phrase “an environmentally sustainable society” as
related to the human population.
Distinguish between (a) natural capital (b) natural resources (c)...
Competitive exclusion: States that when two species are competing for the same resources, one species will be better suited to the nature.
Ecological Equivalent: Species that occupy similar niches but live in different geographical regions.
Competition: Occurs when two organisms fight for the same limited...
environmental problems we face.
a. “Population growth, wasteful and unsustainable resource use, poverty and failure to include in their market prices the harmful environmental costs of goods and services.” (p.15)
2) What is exponentialgrowth?
b. “Occurs when a quantity such as the human...
company under government intervention.
Since the inception of the aviation industry, it has had an amazing expansion with passenger growth still at 14% as recent as 2010 [The Economist, 2011]. For the years the aviation industry has been running, each flight causes a negative externality...
Biodiversity is the degree of variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome, or an entire planet. Biodiversity is a measure of the health of ecosystems. Greater biodiversity implies greater health. Biodiversity is in part a function of climate. In terrestrial habitats, tropical regions are...
great deal of species diversity. This is the Gambia River in Senegal's Niokolo-Koba National Park.
Biodiversity is the degree of variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome, or an entire planet. Biodiversity is a measure of the health of ecosystems. Greater biodiversity implies greater health...
cell are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur.
Carbon atoms can easily bond to several other carbon atoms in chains and rings to form large complex molecules.
Cells can make a variety of macromolecules from a relatively small set of monomers.
The primary functions of carbohydrate...
Defining geography: translates to “Earth Describe- Write”
The study of geography is about places (objective and subjective), Regions
Geographers: study the spatial and temporal distribution of phenomena, processes, and features as well as the interaction of humans with their environments
Module 1 Readings
Chapter 1 (week 1)
• Exponentialgrowth – quantity increases at a constant rate per unit of time (i.e. 2% a year)
o Deceptive, starting off slowly and then rapidly growing to enormous numbers
• Between 1950-2009, world population increased from 2.5 billion to 6...
mainly depends on the agriculture.Promoting agriculture is the main core of the strategic reforms.The machine are applied to do agriculture for faster growth. It encourage the self-manufacturing system in agriculture.
The mantra of "sustainable development" is constantly on the lips of international...
benefits that are not delivered at the time of brand purchase (Soman, 1998). Rebates are defined as “a return of a portion of the purchase price in the form of cash by the seller to the buyer” (American Marketing Association, n.d.c).
This section is about the review of how the promotion...
a. Describe the human causes of Eutrophication
Eutrophication is a natural process in lakes. However, human acts accelerate the system and can act as a catalyst. Excessive amounts of plant nutrients (primarily phosphorus, nitrogen, and carbon) are added to streams and lakes in various ways. Runoff...