African Company, Middle Passage, Slave Codes, Chattel Slavery
47. Describe the slave trade.
Africans in America
Know: Gullah, Stono Rebellion
48. Describe slave culture and contributions.
Makers of America: FromAfrican to African-American
49."And precisely because of the diversity of...
transportation from coastal ports
Initially a NativeAmerican Horse Trail
1765 Trail Widened to 10 feet for Wagon Travel
1790s frontier towns forms along trail
B.C.A and population growth
The period between 1700-1776 marked the beginning of the “Process of Americanization”
and the first person to say that the Earth revolved around the sun; heliocentric theory
Red plague- series of deceased brought over to Americas from Europe that killed off most of the Natives by 1600 who were not immune
Reconquista- ended in 1492; Catholic reconquering of Spain from Islamic Moors...
opportunities available in the New World, agricultural exchanges between the two regions led to exchanges of other items. Within decades of Columbus' voyages, the trans Atlantic slave trade had begun and hundreds of thousands of nativeAmericans died of diseases brought to America by Europeans and Africans...
careless murder), they were often replaced by Africans imported through a large commercial slave trade. By the 18th century, the overwhelming number of black slaves was such that NativeAmerican slavery was less commonly used. Africans, who were taken aboard slave ships to the Americas, were primarily...
Americas in 3 periods
-1st-Conquest from1492-~1570-Main administration+economy est.
-2nd-Consolidation from~1570-~1700-Colonial institutions and societies became defined
-3rd-Reform during 18th century intensified colonial dependence; eventually led to revolt
• Period from1492 to~1570/1600 was...
Description and Significance of the People/Event(s) to American History
1) Describe three different American Indian cultures prior to colonization.
American Indians have been around for thousands of years.In 1492 when Columbus founded...
. Name one of the major European diseases that devastated NativeAmerican populations after 1492 a. Effect Rapid expansion of global economic commerce & manufacturing European voyages around Africa & across the Atlantic attempting to reach Asia Establishment of Spanish settlements in Florida & New...
, which he believed to be eastern India, when actually it was an eastern island in the Bahamas. His interaction with the natives sparked the Spanish colonization, and eventual European colonization of the Caribbean in the 1500’s. From 1600 B.C. to 1700 B.C. consumerism had a profound effect on the...
: Cortes brutally conquers the Aztecs
1533: Francisco Pizarro conquers the Incas of Peru, the largest Native empire in the Americas.
The most devastating effect of invasion:
1492: Native population, approximately 54 million
90% killed by epidemics
“The greatest human catastrophe in history...
* These ships had to have crews that were at least British or American.
* Certain “enumerated” goods shipped from colonial parts could ONLY go to Britain.
* Nothing could be exported to the colonies without going through Britain first.
* Effect of the Navigation...
Relations with NativeAmericans
English royal charter
Immigrants from Virginia and Barbados
NativeAmerican slave trade
Portuguese, a description of the African land, and the infusion of both cultures.
"Sugar Comes to the Atlantic Islands"
• Describes the effect of sugar’s rise in popularity in Europe.
• Shows how sugar caused the slave trade to shift from one which used slaves as servants, in concubines, guards and...
because the colony disappeared after settlers returned in 1590 to see the colony deserted
Sir Francis Drake
1. DescribeNativeAmericans, Africans, and Europeans on the eve of “contact” in 1492?
(How are they similar/different? Consider usual...
early 19th century, there was widespread discrimination in the United States against people who were different from the white Protestant majority.” Assess the validity of this statement with reference to: free AfricanAmericans, NativeAmericans, and Irish and German immigrants.
• Explain how the...
* So dominant that the colony developed around it
Chapter 3 notes
* Native people everywhere in the American South resisted colonization despite losses from warfare, disease, and enslavement
* Spanish colonies in New Mexico and Florida grew slowly and faced a variety of...
Hemispheres that occurred after 1492. That year, Christopher Columbus' first voyage launched an era of large-scale contact between the Old and the New World that resulted in this ecological revolution.
This exchange of plants and animals transformed European, American, African, and Asian ways of life...
After Columbus’ voyage to the New World in 1492, contact between three types of people—Europeans, NativeAmericans, and Africans—was accelerated. Each, remaining relatively isolated from the others, had established independent cultures and societal characteristics. It was almost unavoidable...
¬_________________ years ago ancestors of the _____________ _______________filled nearly all of the habitable parts of North and _____________ America. They lived in isolation from the historyand particularly from the _____________ of what became known as the Old World.
2. NativeAmerican Societies...
-Christians from the Iberian Peninsula. It spanned from 711 to 1492 when Isabel and Ferdinand, the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, completed the reconquista, sealing it with the Treaty of Granada. Howard Zinn describes the reconquista as how “Spain tied itself to the Catholic Church, expelled all the...