Marriage--an examination of the weakening of social norms in the
institution of marriage
54. Ann Crittendon, The Mommy Tax--the income discrimination faced
by working mothers
55. Annette Lareau, Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and FamilyLife--a study of social classdifferences in...
earning less money than men, leading sociologists are investigating
* Studies show family size spacing between siblings, gender and birth order can all affect educational outcomes
* Socioeconomic class, race and ethnicity are often intertwined and clearly affect educational outcome
consequences of an activity
o Latent functions – are unintended and often unrecognized, but socially important consequences of an activity (social networking)
• Critique: too broad, ignores inequalities of social class, race and gender, focuses on stability at the expense of conflict and assumes...
with the Global South and Developing Countries to describe poorer countries that have struggled to attain steady economic development.
C.3 GENDER STRATIFICATION
Sex - A person’s sex is clearly linked to biological characteristics: XY vs. XX chromosomes, genitalia and other sex organs, hormonal...
The doing of families
The everyday life of families
The processes and fluidity of familylife
Interplay of biography and history
Interplay of positions
FAMILYDIFFERENCES IN THE UK: CLASS ETHNICITY AND GENDER
Dimensions of inequality are social...
occurs in marriage, who wins? Who loses?
$ How are racial, ethnic, gender, class and other inequalities perpetuated through the operation of family?
$ How are marriages and families experienced?
$ How do individual family members interact to create, sustain, and change...
that women are trapped by traditional roles within the family and that they should have more choice with regard to marriage and familylife. More recent feminist theories have suggested that men oppress women through control of the body and what is considered sexually attractive. Modern writers in...
, stratification and class-conflict approaches
• social division that are seemingly racial can be explained by economic differences and opportunities.
• Races can be reduced to these unequal opportunity ( people are not in same economic position so this leads to class conflict. Ex. Black is...
. What factors contribute to the ambivalence and the postponement of marriage today?
2. How does created kinship differ from assigned kinship?
F. Describe these demographic trends and explain why they occurred.
1. The weakening role of marriage in familylife.
2. The increase in divorce...
describe and explain patterns of familylife and variations in family structure.
credentialism a process of social selection in which class advantage and social status are linked to the possession of academic qualifications.
cultural capital Pierre Bourdieu's term for people's social...
discriminatory. Denying people basic rights based on their class, religion, race or sexual orientation is discrimination, and it is illegal (Nagle 31). Not allowing same-sex marriage is also like saying whites cannot get married to a person of a different race and vice versa.
Marriage is a personal...
differences, but extends far beyond that to include values, religious beliefs, class and even in some circumstances weight, height and sporting abilities. It’s about recognising that each person is an individual and unique in terms of their qualities be they derived from ethnicity, genders, race, age...
it is shaped by social factors.
1. The time period in which the person is born and lives.
2. His or her life as well as social location.
3. The individual's social class, gender and race.
VII. Are We Prisoners of Socialization?
A. Sociologists do not think of...
cannot be used as a reason to treat any people unfairly
• Gender reassignment
• Marriage and civil partnership
• Pregnancy and maternity
• Religion or belief
• Sex and
• Sexual orientation
20. What is the difference between...
your reflections. Report to the class what your group discovered. 10. Develop a ten-question survey questionnaire concerning some specific topic regarding familylife (discipline practices used by parents, amount and type of contact with extended family members, gender roles in the home, etc.) Next...
their lifechoices, limiting their sexuality, and blocking full emotional connections with women and other men.
Male participation in feminism is encouraged by feminists and is seen as an important strategy for achieving full societal commitment to gender equality. Many male feminists and pro...
obstacles to creativity. Being a member of the nondominant class, race, or gender means
one rarely has access to the time and resources necessary to cultivate creativity, or is able
to find validation of a “different sense of reality” and the confidence to express one’s
own perspective” (88...
Marxists see the family as NEGATIVE for society.
Marxists are critical of the family and society. They believe society is based on a
conflict between the classes – working class and ruling class. The family helps to
maintain classdifferences in society as the rich can afford to give their children...
can be differences in race, heritage, customs, belief systems, physical appearance, mental capabilities, etc. Diversity should be respected and valued because nobody is completely the same as anyone else, even within the categories above.
2. Describe the community you live in. Highlight some of...
important differences between the sexes, and those who believe that there are no inherent differences between the sexes and contend that gender roles are due to social conditioning.
The term post-feminism is used to describe a range of viewpoints reacting to feminism since the 1980s. While not being "anti...