• James Rachels - egoism
    has a cultural bond William Graham Sumner: The right way is the way of the ancestors, the tradition is the warrant Cultural relativism has challenged the thinking of ethics more than any other topic James Rachels: 6 ideas stand independently even though they all sound very much related to one another, some might be true even if others are false  ...
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  • The Cultural Differences Argument for Moral Relativism
    , there can’t be a correct belief. However, in this case, we can see that we’re basically arguing with a scientific fact rather than only a moral and ethical view. Rachels quotes William Graham Sumner when pointing out the consequences of taking cultural differences seriously. Sumner states that there...
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  • Cultural Universals
    within a society; these ‘norms’ vary throughout communities and therefore no one set of rules can be applied to all society at any time (Pojman, 38). For example, the Callatians ate the bodies of their dead while Greeks practiced cremation methods. William Graham Sumner believes that morals are...
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  • Evaluate the Effectiveness of Relative Approaches to Ethics
    defines what is right or wrong to them. The sociologist William Graham Sumner called attention to the fact that one's culture can limit one's perceptions. He called this principle ethnocentrism, the viewpoint that "one’s own group is the center of everything," against which all other groups are judged...
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  • Ethics
    determining moral rules. The idea of cultural relativism is that there is no set standard for what is right and what is wrong, the ruling on this issue comes down to the culture involved. Quoting sociologist William Graham Sumner, Rachels writes, "In the folkways, whatever is, is right" (18). That is...
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  • Philosophy Ncr
    thing as a “universal truth”, (v) the moral code of a society determines what is right within that society, and (vi) different societies should adopt an attitude of tolerance for practices of other cultures. Based on these six arguments, William Graham Sumner, summarizes that there is no measure of...
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  • Cultural Relativism
    towards members of an out group to desire to get something for nothing…” -William Graham Sumner Different cultures have different moral codes Therefore, there is no objective “truth” in morality; rather morality is a matter of opinion varying from culture to culture. To some...
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  • Philosophical Implications of Cultural Relativism
    : Vintage Books. [4]: ibid. [5]: Sumner, William Graham. 1979. Folkways and Mores. p. 13, New York: [6]: Lee D. Baker is an Associate Professor of Cultural Anthropology at Duke University. Professor Baker specializes in the history of U.S. anthropology and has published articles about Franz...
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  • Canada Has a Policy of Multiculturalism
    "incorrect," for that implies we have an independent standard of right and wrong by which they may be judged. But there is no such independent standard; every standard is culture-bound. The great pioneering sociologist William Graham Sumner, writing in 1906, put the point like this: The “right” way...
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  • Culure
    philosophy to describe a particular ethical disposition.[citation needed] The term is opposed to ethnocentrism, as coined by 19th century American sociologist William Graham Sumner, which describes the natural tendencies of an individual to place disproportionate worth upon the values and beliefs of...
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  • Ethnocentrisn
    cultural superiority of one's own ethnic group. It was not until 1906 that William Graham Sumner, in his classic volume on Folkways, formalized the term into a social science concept. It soon gained wide usage throughout the social sciences. Though a useful theoretical concept, ethnocentrism has eluded...
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  • Relativism
    Cultural Relativism Seriously Even if the Cultural Differences Argument is invalid, Cultural Relativism might still be true. What would it be like if it were true? In the passage quoted above, William Graham Sumner summarizes the essence of Cultural Relativism. He says that there is no measure of...
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  • Sociology 1301 Lecture notes
    Cultural Relativism Confucius: “All people are the same; only their habits are different” Ethnocentrism (William G. Sumner) The practice of judging another culture by the standard of one’s own culture Ie; why can’t they do it like we do it? Culture Relativism- the practice of judging a culture by...
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  • Utilitarianism
    of California, 1985; and Richard Miller, Moral Differences (Princeton: Princeton University, 1992). [xv] Anthropologists who consider themselves cultural relativists are not always consistent at this point. William Graham Sumner, for example, sometimes seems to be giving a cultural relativist...
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  • Culture: Sociology
    coined by William Graham Sumner, a social evolutionist and professor of Political and Social Science at Yale University. He defined it as the viewpoint that “one‟s own group is the center of everything”, against which all other groups are judged. Ethnocentrism often entails the belief that one's own...
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  • 1865-1914 Wealth and Poverty Gap in the United States
    , Progress and Poverty, b. Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward, c. Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth, d. William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes owe to Each Other, e. Upton Sinclair, The Jungle During the period of time between 1865 and 1914, America went through a cultural revolution. The entire...
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  • Relative
    .  She scored 100% on this question.  There is a small error that she attributes Ruth Benedict's quote to William Sumner.  PBHow would a moral relativist define good? G572 Q1  June 2009a) Explain the concept of relativist morality.A moral relativist would question "what do we mean by good?" when...
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  • Ethnocentrism
    The term ethnocentrism was introduced by William Sumner in 1906, it comes from the Greek word, “ethno” meaning or referring to a nation, a people or cultural grouping, and the Latin word “centre” meaning center. It is the belief that one’s own society is superior to others based on judging other...
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  • Egoism and Altruism
    the masses. The second is cultural relativism which maintains that morality is grounded in the approval of one’s society – and not simply in the preferences of individual people. This view was advocated by Sextus, and in more recent centuries by Michel Montaigne and William Graham Sumner. In...
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  • Benedict vs Sumner
    though slavery is not acceptable by today's standards it would have been acceptable for people who grew up during the time of slavery not to believe it was morally wrong because that was not the view of their society (Timmons, pg 49-54). William Sumner would probably argue that society's beliefs...
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