"Construct An Inductive Argument For A Specific Conclusion Then Explain What You Might Do To Make This Inductive Argument Stronger Either By Revising The Premises Or By Revising The Conclusion" Essays and Research Papers

Construct An Inductive Argument For A Specific Conclusion Then Explain What You Might Do To Make This Inductive Argument Stronger Either By Revising The Premises Or By Revising The Conclusion

Recognizing Arguments In this assignment, you will apply key concepts covered in the module readings. You will identify the component parts of arguments and differentiate between various types of arguments such as strict, loose, inductive, and deductive. You will then construct specific, original arguments. There are two parts to the assignment. Complete both parts. Part 1 1a: Identify Components of Arguments Identify the component parts of the argument, premises and conclusion, for the...

Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 1297  Words | 7  Pages

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The Types of Arguments

THE TYPES OF ARGUMENTS Normally we classify all arguments into one of two types: deductive and inductive Deductive arguments are those meant to work because of their pattern alone, so that if the premises are true the conclusion could not be false.  All other arguments are considered to be inductive (or just non-deductive), and these are meant to work because of the actual information in the premises so that if the premises are true the conclusion is not likely to be false.  The difference is...

Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 771  Words | 3  Pages

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Inductive and Deductive Agruments

difference between inductive and deductive arguments. The best way to describe the similarities and difference between inductive and deductive arguments, it would be best if the term "argument" had a definition. Everyday people have arguments. For these everyday conversations "argument" means "dispute". In this Logic class an argument consists of claims or statements followed by a final claim. The statements that articulates the reason for agreement of the final claim called “the premises” (Internet Encyclopedia...

Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 1677  Words | 5  Pages

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Recognizing Arguments

Hi Sherry, You discovered an interesting example from Obama. You have justified your points, providing supportive reasoning behind your thoughts. You were able to link theory with practical application and real-world settings. However, remember that in an inductive argument, you cannot guarantee the conclusion. A deductive argument follows the if “this” than “that” format, so it must be true. Please see my attached comments regarding 1 premise/conclusion issue, 1 strict/loose, and 3 in part...

Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 2040  Words | 7  Pages

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Reasoning and Inductive Method

Design Deductive and Inductive Reasoning The Raven Paradox - How Hempel's Treatise Led to Questioning of the Inductive Reasoning Process The scientific method Teaching methods can either be inductive or deductive or some combination of the two. The inductive teaching method or process goes from the specific to the general and may be based on specific experiments or experimental learning exercises. Deductive teaching method progresses from general concept to the specific use or application. These...

Abductive reasoning, Analogy, Deductive reasoning 2367  Words | 7  Pages

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Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

coming to conclusions by the use of logical argument. There are three basic form of reasoning: inductive, deductive and the combination of both called inductive/deductive (Walliman & Baiche, 2001). Inductive and Deductive Reasoning Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning is one method of reasoning that researchers use. It is based on making a conclusion or generalization based on a limited number of observations. Thus, it produces from the specific to the general. All research that makes inference...

Abductive reasoning, Analogy, Deductive reasoning 1060  Words | 4  Pages

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Final Project: Comprehensive Argument Analysis

Appendix E Critical Analysis Forms Fill out one form for each of the two articles provided for your topic. You will fill out one for the “pro” article and another for the “con” article. Please make sure to follow the instructions in the syllabus carefully! If you do not want to use this form for the Final, I will also accept answers in numbered paragraph form. Let me know if you have questions! Source 1 Animal Experimentation Is Always Justified by Jennifer A.Hurley | Opposing Viewpoints...

Animal Liberation Front, Animal rights, Animal testing 1653  Words | 5  Pages

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Deductive and Inductive Language

Deductive Language   Construct a deductive argument that is valid but not sound. Then, construct a valid deductive argument that is sound. Be sure to put the argument in premise-conclusion form.   Discussion 2 Inductive Language   Construct an inductive argument for a specific conclusion. Then, explain what you might do to make this inductive argument stronger, either by revising the premises or by revising the conclusion. Week 1 Discussion 1 Consider an argument you have recently had with...

Argument, Argumentation theory, Critical thinking 749  Words | 2  Pages

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The Facade Of The Teleological Argument

John Greavu Mark Herr Philosophy 1002 12 November 2012 The Façade of the Teleological Argument In Accordance with David Hume’s “Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion” The Teleological argument for the existence of God seems strikingly compelling at first glance, but greatly weakens once it becomes subjected to intense discourse. This argument, also referred to as the “design argument”, is an a posteriori argument claiming that through observation of the universe we can discover evidence of intelligent...

Atheism, David Hume, Existence of God 1843  Words | 7  Pages

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Argument and Natural Selection

1. “I like the rain. Some people will tell you that the sun is the best, but they are wrong. What waits for you in the sun? Skin cancer. What waits for you in the rain? Puddles to jump in. I’ll take puddles over cancer any day.” Tell me as much as you can about this passage as an argument (especially the parts). p1. Sun will bring skin cancer. p2. Rain will bring puddles that we can jump. p3: Pain is bad, joy is good. If a thing causes more good things than bad things, then it is better. p4:...

Argument, Argumentation theory, Arithmetic mean 1291  Words | 3  Pages

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Zombie Argument

are: how do we understand the nature of mental events, their relation to the physical world and physical events and fundamentally the problems with other minds. This essay essentially serves to evaluate whether the Zombie argument against Cartesian Dualism is sound by: criticising the Zombie argument through analysing the validity of each premise of the Zombie argument, defending the Zombie argument against one of its objections and responses from the Cartesian Argument by analogy. This essay will...

Argument, Consciousness, Mind 1641  Words | 4  Pages

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Hume's Argument for Skepticism

Honors October 9, 2012 Hume’s argument for skepticism about induction states that we can use induction, like causation, to gain knowledge. We must rely on induction to draw conclusions in everyday life because it is the only resource we have to work with. However, we must realize the limitations of induction. Philosopher Karl Popper successfully undermines Hume’s problem of induction by proving that induction is not needed in science and that Hume’s argument is circular. Karl Popper argued...

Falsifiability, Hypothesis, Inductive reasoning 1318  Words | 4  Pages

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Outline the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God (21)

cosmological argument for the existence of God (21) The Cosmological argument is an argument that attempts to prove the existence of God, it is also known as the causation argument which argues that as all events require a cause, if the universe is an event it must have a cause and that cause is God. The argument is a posteriori because its based on evidence that already exists in the universe. The cosmological argument is also inductive because the conclusion is what is most probable...

Aristotle, Averroes, Causality 815  Words | 3  Pages

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Crtical Thinking-Arguments

Argument is a claim put forward and defended with reasons. • Arguments are composed of: 1. Premises 2. Conclusion • Statement: A sentence that can sensibly be regarded as either true or false. • 2 things about statements: 1. A sentence may be used to express more than one statement. 2. Not all sentences are statements. 3. Consider the CONTEXT in which particular expression is used. Identifying Premises and Conclusions 1. Premise indicators ...

Analogy, Argument, Critical thinking 919  Words | 6  Pages

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Determination of a Cogent Argument

Course Date Determination of a Cogent Argument Cogency is a term that is used to show coherency of the various premise that contributes to a conclusion that is derived from the individual statements (Audi 235). Cogency thus depends on the premises, if all the premises are true, then the conclusion will be probably construed to be true, the use of the word probably makes it open for any argument to be considered. Cogency is used in inductive argument where observations are used as an inference...

Argument, Cogency, Critical thinking 678  Words | 3  Pages

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The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument

The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument Aristotle's thoughts on Zeno's Arrow Argument as represented in Chapter 9 of Aristotle's Physics: A Guided Study can be understood in such a way that it might not be "next door to madness". In this chapter, Aristotle interprets Zeno's argument of the Flying Arrow as "missing the mark". There are four premises for this argument, and in Aristotle's opinion, premise three can be rejected. He does not believe that time is composed...

Argument, Aristotle, Logic 960  Words | 3  Pages

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Cosmological argument

Explain the strengths and weaknesses of Aquinas’ Cosmological argument The Cosmological argument attempts to explain that something has caused the universe to exist and this First cause is what we call God. The argument begins with observations that try to support the following statements: • Everything in the universe has a cause • The universe itself must have a cause • To avoid infinite regress of causes there must be an uncaused cause • This uncaused cause is God The argument uses inductive...

Aristotle, Causality, Cosmogony 1495  Words | 4  Pages

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Reconstructio of Arguments

RECONSTRUCTING ARGUMENTS Deductive and Inductive Here we are to learn the techniques for PART I, Making a Critique- i.e., argument reconstruction, by doing the following “steps”: 1. Read the discourse; 2. Number and Bracket arguments; 3. Write an Index of Claims; and 4. Tree-Diagram the arguments. What is critiquing? Benjamin Samuel Bloom (1913 – 1999) - the creator of Bloom’s Taxonomy (1956) following a framework for categorizing educational goals: Taxonomy of Educational...

Analogy, Argument, Arguments 18502  Words | 68  Pages

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Argument in the Apology

The main argument in The Apology by famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher Socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. In his words Socrates quoted the prosecution's accusation against him: "Socrates is guilty of corrupting the minds of the young, and of believing in supernatural things of his own invention instead of the gods recognized by the state." 1 Further...

2005 albums, Argument, Corruption 903  Words | 3  Pages

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Do culture and individual beliefs affect logical thinking? If so, how do they influence the conclusions we reach?

must be asked before answering this question is: What exactly is logical thinking? Logical thinking is the process in which one uses reasoning consistently to come to a conclusion. If this definition is strictly followed, logical thinking cannot be affected by any outside influences as long as the premises are truly valid. For example the syllogism: All mammals are warm blooded. Whales are mammals. Whales are warm blooded. is truly logical because the major premise is true. In a more 'general world'...

Critical thinking, Deductive reasoning, Fallacy 1513  Words | 6  Pages

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Inductive & Deductive Research Approach

INDUCTIVE & DEDUCTIVE RESEARCH APPROACH BY: MOHD TAJUDIN B JAMALUDIN Contents  Definition  Methods  Inductive teaching  deductive teaching  Examples of inductive & deductive  Advantages  Disadvantages  Conclusion Definition  INDUCTIVE: Inductive teaching (also called discovery teaching or inquiry teaching) is based on the claim that knowledge is build primarily from a learner’s experiences and interactions with phenomena. Definition  DEDUCTIVE Deductive...

Abductive reasoning, Deductive reasoning, Education 595  Words | 6  Pages

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Descartes Dream Argument - Philosophy

How do we know we are not dreaming some particular experience we are having, or we are not dreaming all our experience of this world? When we dream we imagine things happening often with the same sense of reality as we do when we are awake. In Descartes dream argument, he states there are no reliable signs distinguishing sleeping from waking. In his dream argument, he is not saying we are merely dreaming all of what we experience, nor, is he saying we can distinguish dreaming from being awake...

Argument, Dream, Dreaming 1410  Words | 4  Pages

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Revising An Essay

Revising the French Revolution Essay Old Thesis Statement: The French Revolution could have happened without the Enlightenment because France was in debt for various expenditures, there was a weak government and weak leadership, and there were rumors spreading throughout France which all led to social unrest. New Thesis Statement: Though some may feel that the Enlightenment led to the French Revolution, the crisis of confidence that was created by French national debt, a weak government and poor...

Age of Enlightenment, French people, French Revolution 2474  Words | 4  Pages

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Deductive Versus Inductive Reasoning

Compare and Contrast the Inductive and Deductive Research Paradigm/Approaches When underlying assumptions and intellectual structure are built upon research, observation, or development in a field of inquiry a paradigm is created. The way we perceive the world around us or the way facts and theories are established are generated in different ways. Knowledge is constantly being produced, based on assumptions or reasoning. One might see a story in the news of a shark in Southern California that attacks...

Deduction, Deductive reasoning, Hypothesis 971  Words | 3  Pages

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The Nature of Arguments

be looking at: (i)  the nature of arguments (ii)  how to recognise arguments http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=teMlv3ripSM Definition: ‘Argument’ …. a set of sentences such that… …. one of them is being said to be true… …. the other(s) are being offered as reasons for believing the truth of the one. An argument: It is Friday, Marianne always wears jeans on Friday so Marianne will be wearing jeans today. Q1: List the sentences that make up this argument It is Friday Marianne always...

2005 albums, Argument, Attacking Faulty Reasoning 617  Words | 3  Pages

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is the ontological argument the strongest argument for the existence of god, is it defendable?

defense of the ontological argument Daniel Andrews In this essay I will first explain the ontological argument and my reasons for choosing it. I will then discuss why I believe it is a better account for the existence of god than the teleological argument and the cosmological argument. I will then move onto discuss various theologians that oppose the ontological argument and critique their responses. The aim of the essay if to show the strength of the argument and to expose some key weaknesses...

Cosmological argument, David Hume, Existence 1993  Words | 6  Pages

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Inductive and deductive notes

9-17-13 Two forms of argument 1) Deductive= provides logically conclusive spport for the conclusion Valid-if the premises are true then the conclusion cannot be false Invalid- it fail to provide support Sound-the argument is valid and the premises are all true Unsound- an argument with true premises that lead to a false conclusion 2) Inductive-provides probable support for the conclusion Strong-premises are true conclusion is probably true cogent-premises are true argument is strong Weak-in...

Argument, Argument form, Argumentation theory 439  Words | 3  Pages

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‘the Design Arguments Prove God’s Existence’. Assess This View.

‘The design arguments prove God’s existence’. Assess this view. (30 marks) Design arguments, also sometimes known as teleological arguments, from the Greek ‘Telos’ for goal and ‘Logos’, meaning reason, hence reasoning for a goal or purpose and that purpose being God’s existence. These arguments endeavour to ascertain God’s existence, by inferring from evidence of design and purpose in the universe, and claim that there must have been a designer of this. Design arguments start from experience...

Aristotle, David Hume, Logic 1575  Words | 5  Pages

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position/argument essay

Hall x4473 www.wju.edu/arc/ How Do I Write a Position/Argument Essay? Having a strong thesis has been important all along in your writing. Having a coherent form to individual sentences, paragraphs, and the essay as a whole has been important all along in your writing. Yet here is where everything comes together, where the various compositional forms (cause/effect, classification/division, comparison/contrast, example/illustration etc.) may serve your argument. The good news is that, unless...

Argument, Essay, Fallacy 754  Words | 3  Pages

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Inductive & Deductive Research

INDUCTIVE & DEDUCTIVE RESEARCH APPROACH Meritorious Prof. Dr. S. M. Aqil Burney Director UBIT Chairman Department of Computer Science University of Karachi burney@computer.org www.drburney.net Designed and Assisted by Hussain Saleem hussainsaleem@uok.edu.pk 06th March 2008 "Well begun is half done" --Aristotle, quoting an old proverb 2 Research Methods In research, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches. Research...

Abductive reasoning, Artificial intelligence, Deductive reasoning 812  Words | 6  Pages

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ASCT Chapter 1 Argument Basics

Chapter 1: Argument Basics 1.1 Identifying Arguments The first step of the critical thinking process concerns the ability to identity arguments; this, in turn, requires that we know what an argument is. For the purposes of this text, we will define an argument as a set of propositions, one of which (the conclusion) is claimed to follow from the others (the premises). So, according to this definition, every argument has exactly one conclusion and can have any number of premises. Again, conclusions and premises...

Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 5451  Words | 14  Pages

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Thank You for Arguing Notes

Thank You for arguing chapter notes Ch.2-Set your goal 1) The goal is to change your audience’s mood, mind, or willingness 2) An argument should be focused on winning over an audience rather than beating them 3) Decide what you want at the end of the argument Ch.3-Control the Tense 1) Future tense is the best in an argument 2) A good strategy is to switch tenses in an argument depending on the situation 3) Changing the tense can sometimes result in a smaller conflict with a simpler solution ...

Aristotle, Audience, Audience theory 1230  Words | 4  Pages

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The Teleological Argument

The Teleological Argument By Zenny Saheel Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy which studies the nature of “being”. The search for the existence of God has been questioned many a time and astounded many philosophers and scientists alike. By looking at certain arguments for the existence of God we are not only attempting to see if God exists but what God is like. Omniscient (All seeing), omnipresent (Present everywhere), omnipotent (All powerful), Benevolent (Good) and Eternal (Always Existed)...

Charles Darwin, David Hume, Existence of God 1476  Words | 4  Pages

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Dos and Donts Thinking Skills

Good Practices Plan ahead of time how the argument will be written (the structure/format of the argument) Compare and contrast what would be a better argument or worse argument depending on whether the argument you're given is well written or not Include what's given in the argument to support reasoning; example: using a map of runners views to explain that a runner couldn't have possibly seen what happened Read each question more than once for full comprehension Underline key words ...

Argument, Argument map, Conclusion 839  Words | 5  Pages

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Cosmological Argument

a) Examine the central ideas and strengths of the cosmological argument for the existence of God. The cosmological argument is an inductive and a posteriori argument for the existence of God. Cosmos is the Greek word that refers to everything that exists, the universe itself and everything in it. The argument intends on proving the existence of God on the basis that nothing can come from nothing. It argues that because things exist there must be a God that brings them into existence and without...

Big Bang, Causality, Cosmogony 1827  Words | 5  Pages

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PHI 103 Week 1 Arguments And Their Components

This document PHI 103 Week 1 Arguments And Their Components includes right answer to the following questions: Consider an argument you have recently had with a friend, family member, manager, co-worker, or someone else. Identify the topic of the argument and present that argument in premise-conclusion form, identifying both the premises and conclusion. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Respond to at least two of your classmates Philosophy - General...

Argument, Argumentation theory, Attacking Faulty Reasoning 505  Words | 3  Pages

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Sample Paper for Propositional Arguments

Sample paper for propositional arguments In this paper, I will analyze the following argument in terms of validity and soundness: An argument is a syllogism only if it is valid. An argument has a true conclusion, if it is valid. If an argument has consistent premises, then it has a true conclusion. Thus, if an argument is a syllogism, then it has a true conclusion. As we shall soon learn, this argument is valid but unsound. I...

Argument, Arguments, Logic 595  Words | 3  Pages

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Analysis of Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Argument from Evil

Analysis to Anselm’s Ontological Argument and the Argument from Evil The debate of the existence of God had been active since before the first philosopher has pondered the question. Anselm’s Ontological Argument was introduced during the 11th century and had stood deductively valid until the 18th century. Then there are the arguments to aim disprove God, such as the Argument from Evil. The Ontological argument is an a priori deductive argument. That is, an argument relating to being, that is...

Atheism, Existence, God 1434  Words | 4  Pages

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Theory of Knowledge - ‘the Ultimate Protection Against Research Error and Bias Is Supposed to Come from the Way Scientists Constantly Test and Retest Each Others Results’ – to What Extent Would You Agree with This Claim

results’ – To What extent would you agree with this claim in the natural and human sciences. Human beings are inherently flawed creatures. Through faults in reason and sense perception we interpret the world not as it truly is. Both the Human and Natural Sciences are tools to understand the world and are a lens in which to comprehend ideas not readily available to us purely through common sense logic and sense perception. The implications made in the title are that the inductive scientific method...

Epistemology, Falsifiability, Logic 1547  Words | 5  Pages

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Crt 205 Mapping an Argument

Mapping an Argument The first article chosen was Abortion Is a Form of Genocide by Meredith Eugene Hunt. The issue in this article is “abortion as a form of genocide is accurate by historical and accepted standards of the word’s definition” (Abortion, 2010). I highlighted this as the issue because it includes everything the author is trying to prove to the reader. Hunt wants to make it known that she believes abortion is a form of genocide even though the parameters fit loosely. She also points...

Analogy, Argument, Aristotle 861  Words | 3  Pages

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Syllogism: Logic and Minor Conclusion

1. Read the chapter syllogism.2. what are kind of syllogism?Types of syllogismAlthough there are infinitely many possible syllogisms, there are only a finite number of logically distinct types. We shall classify and enumerate them below. Note that the syllogisms above share the same abstract form:Major premise: All M are P.Minor premise: All S are M.Conclusion: All S are P.The premises and conclusion of a syllogism can be any of four types, which are labelled by letters[1] as follows. The meaning...

Affirming the consequent, Argument form, Denying the antecedent 1530  Words | 5  Pages

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Recognized Arguments

Recognizing Arguments In this assignment, you will apply key concepts covered in the module readings. You will identify the component parts of arguments and differentiate between various types of arguments such as strict, loose, inductive, and deductive. You will then construct specific, original arguments. There are two parts to the assignment. Complete both parts. Part 1 1a: Identify Components of Arguments Identify the component parts of the argument, premises and conclusion, for the...

Analogy, Argument, Aristotle 1563  Words | 8  Pages

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Mill's Inductive Reasoning

Mill's Inductive reasoning Method of Agreement Mill's method of agreement identifies a cause of an event in terms of its sufficient condition. When using this method, one searches for a single factor that is common to multiple situations in which the same event occurred. Mill says that, when two or more occurrences of the event under investigation have only one condition in common, then that condition is the cause of the event. (Mill, 2002) More simply stated, Mill's method of agreement...

Causality, Conclusion, Critical thinking 1586  Words | 6  Pages

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Teleological Argument for Creation

Melissa Watchorn November 4, 2011 The Teleological Argument and its Not-so-logical Form. The teleological argument attempts to prove in its form that there is an ultimate design and therefore ultimate designer of the universe. It attempts to tell us that, since the universe shows some form of design (a butterfly’s wings, a human eye, etc), there must be some sort of intelligent designer behind it all. The argument from design is as follows: “Watches, houses, ships, machines and so on all...

Charles Darwin, Creationism, Evolution 1639  Words | 4  Pages

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Plato's Republic- Arguments about Justice

Right vs. Wrong In Plato’s Republic, Book 1, various interlocutors make arguments on the definition of justice. Cephalus proposes the definition of justice as “speaking the truth and paying whatever debts one has incurred” (Plato, 331c). I will prove Cephalus’ argument true by analyzing the structure and his use of examples, discussing possible errors in his reasoning and finally rebutting those who disagree. Justice is knowing right versus wrong and acting on that understanding. Cephalus begins...

Argument, Aristotle, Ethics 1397  Words | 4  Pages

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We Rely on All the Four Ways of Knowing; Sense of Perception, Language, Emotion and Reason. However, They All Have Weaknesses. We Often Use Ways of Knowing in Conjunction with Each Other. Some Areas of Knowledge Might

areas of knowledge might not use sense of perception as such but we sometimes think that Maths for example uses mainly logic or reason. Is this true? Reason is one of the strongest ways of knowing. One of the strengths of reason as a source of knowledge is that it seems to give us certainty. We can refer to logic as the study of the correct reasoning. It involves argument, inference truth, falsity, validity and invalidity. Logic facilitates us to understand more about what our belief’s mean...

Deductive reasoning, Epistemology, Inductive reasoning 1734  Words | 6  Pages

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Chapter One: 1.4 Arguments and Explanations/ Page 24-26

Chapter One: 1.4 Arguments and Explanations/ Page 24-26 Exercises 10: This is essentially an argument. The author argues, “Love looks not with eyes but with mind.” However, Shakespeare primary argumentative claim is that true love is able to ignore superficial beauty and appreciate the genuine value of a person. Thus, he believes that Cupid, being the agent of love, is therefore blind to appearance. Cupid is often portrayed in art as wearing a blindfold, "painted blind". Yet, the following passage...

Interpretation, Language interpretation, Logic 959  Words | 3  Pages

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Comprehensive Argument Analysis

principal issue presented by this source is that the United States is not justified in invading Iraq. | 2 | Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | There were no examples of bias presented by the author. Following the eight principle arguments stated by author Stephen Zunes, a rebuttal is given. | 3 | Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The statement “Iraq’s armed...

2003 invasion of Iraq, Critical thinking, George W. Bush 1273  Words | 4  Pages

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The Design Argument

i) Explain the prominent features of the design argument ii) Comment on the view that the design argument provides coherent explanation for the universe. The design argument is the argument for the existence of God based around the idea that the universe is designed and if it has been designed then there must have been a designer and therefore that designer must be God. Like the cosmological argument it is an a posteriori argument, which means that it relies upon empirical evidence (evidence...

Cosmogony, Cosmology, Existence 1093  Words | 3  Pages

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Thomas Aquinas Cosmological Argument

From the arguments discussed in class, I choose to evaluate Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument. Aquinas offers a believable case for the existence of God through five arguments. The arguments are “a posteriori arguments” with five strategies (Aquinas 52). The first argues that there is an unmoved mover that originated all motion but the mover, itself, does not move. The second argument concludes: “there must be a first cause to explain the existence of cause” (Aquinas 52). The third argument says...

Argument, Aristotle, Causality 2353  Words | 6  Pages

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Argument from Authority

Argument from authority The basic structure of such arguments is as follows: Professor X believes A, Professor X speaks from authority, therefore A is true. Often this argument is implied by emphasizing the many years of experience, or the formal degrees held by the individual making a specific claim. The converse of this argument is sometimes used, that someone does not possess authority, and therefore their claims must be false. (This may also be considered an ad-hominen logical fallacy – see...

Argument, Argumentation theory, Attacking Faulty Reasoning 847  Words | 3  Pages

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The Ontological Argument: an Explanation and Critical Assessment

The Ontological Argument: An explanation and critical assessment Phil 361 Lec 01 Professor: Reid Buchanan Ryley Braun, 10013764 April 16, 2010 The ontological argument is an attempt to refute skepticism of God and prove His existence through reason alone. The philosopher, Saint Anselm, presented his work on the ontological argument, or argument from reason, in his text the Proslogium. The argument, on the surface, is very logically convincing and attempts to allure even the skeptic of...

Existence, Existence of God, God 1730  Words | 5  Pages

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Give An Account Of The Fundamental Ideas Of The Design Argument For The Existence Of God Part I

fundamental ideas of the design argument for the existence of God [21] Design arguments are called Teleological Arguments. The word ‘Teleos’ is Greek for ‘end’ or ‘purpose’. Design arguments say that the features of the natural world point towards the existence of a god who must have designed it. The quote from Socrates ‘with such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures, can you doubt they are the work of choice or design’ supports the design argument. Also, features of the natural...

Charles Darwin, Intelligent design, Irreducible complexity 1281  Words | 3  Pages

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Types of Flaws (Arguments/ Thinking Skills)

Hominem - Attacking the person-argument directed at the person rather the argument Ex.) Congress should raise the minimum wage so that workers aren’t exploited. Reply-Nonsense, you only say that because you can’t find a good job. - Generalization - An informal fallacy; reaching an inductive generalization based on insufficient evidence and making a hasty conclusion. Ex.) I once knew a guy who killed his dog because he thought he could gain special powers this way. The same guy also watched...

Causality, Critical thinking, Fallacy 662  Words | 3  Pages

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Scientific Method and Inductive Argument B.

the following example: “Retail sales in the 2005 season were below projections. Sales were disappointing because consumers were not confident about economic growth.” This is an example of _____ a. X an inductive argument b. ( an deductive argument c. an empirical argument d. ( an factual argument. 2. The acronym, RFP, stands for ____ and refers to the document used to invite research firms to propose ideas of addressing the research needs of the organization...

Analogy, Deductive reasoning, Empiricism 494  Words | 3  Pages

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Rhetoric and Argument

ENG122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument English 122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument Argument and Rhetoric An argument can take many forms. It is, at its root, a method for communicating a singular position with evidence, logic, and persuasion. There are essential elements to all valid arguments, though they may take different forms. 1. Claim 2. Evidence 3. Counterargument 4. Rebuttal A successful argument depends upon the delicate balance between these elements. Imagine a...

Argument, Arguments, Counterargument 1323  Words | 5  Pages

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Mediated Argument Paper

Write a mediated argument paper on one of the following topics: Hate Crime Laws Toys for tots (Barbie, etc.) Smoking (Tobacco) Rudeness (modern manners) Make sure you have the following in your essay: -intro that defines and explains the issue -discussion of both positions on the issue; be impartial here -discussion of ideas shared by both sides; common ground -solution that considers the interests of both sides -conclusion Note: Please, refer to, at least, four sources in your paper: two...

Childhood, Female, Game 1713  Words | 4  Pages

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The argument from evil

The argument from evil In this paper I am going to use the very popular argument from evil, which was made popular and originated from the Greek philosopher Epicurus, to argue that existence of god is highly improbable. I’ll put this argument in the simplest of terms. For my first premise I am stating that if an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent god exists than evil does not exist. For my second premise I am stating that evil exists in this world. When you put these two together...

Argument, Existence, Existence of God 909  Words | 3  Pages

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what is an argument, for phil

What is an argument? An argument is usually an idea, or a “claim” supported by evidence which supports the idea. In other words, one will need to make some sort of claim and use evidence to support it. In addition, an argument can be the challenge of trying to convince someone of an idea or opinion through providing some evidence to put forward a certain stand. The common flow of an argument in is commonly presented by offering  propositions, statements or sentences in order to defend a claim...

Adult stem cell, Biotechnology, Cellular differentiation 1139  Words | 3  Pages

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Basic Argument for Fatalism

Metaphysics The “Basic” Argument for Theological Fatalism Fatalism Fatalism is the view that everything that happens in entirely unavoidable. Since everything that happens is unavoidable, none of our actions are genuinely up to us and we powerless to do anything other than what we actually do. Here is Richard Taylor on what the fatalist believes [“Fate” from Metaphysics, 4th Ed (Pearson, 1991)]: “A fatalist is someone who believes that whatever happens is and always was unavoidable. ...

Argument, Free will, Logic 1464  Words | 5  Pages

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