"Construct A Deductive Argument That Is Valid But Not Sound Then Construct A Valid Deductive Argument That Is Sound Be Sure To Put The Argument In Premise Conclusion Form" Essays and Research Papers

  • Construct A Deductive Argument That Is Valid But Not Sound Then Construct A Valid Deductive Argument That Is Sound Be Sure To Put The Argument In Premise Conclusion Form

    THE TYPES OF ARGUMENTS Normally we classify all arguments into one of two types: deductive and inductive.  Deductive arguments are those meant to work because of their pattern alone, so that if the premises are true the conclusion could not be false.  All other arguments are considered to be inductive (or just non-deductive), and these are meant to work because of the actual information in the premises so that if the premises are true the conclusion is not likely to be false.  The difference is...

    Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 771  Words | 3  Pages

  • Inductive and deductive notes

    9-17-13 Two forms of argument 1) Deductive= provides logically conclusive spport for the conclusion Valid-if the premises are true then the conclusion cannot be false Invalid- it fail to provide support Sound-the argument is valid and the premises are all true Unsound- an argument with true premises that lead to a false conclusion 2) Inductive-provides probable support for the conclusion Strong-premises are true conclusion is probably true cogent-premises are true argument is strong Weak-in...

    Argument, Argument form, Argumentation theory 439  Words | 3  Pages

  • Inductive and Deductive Agruments

    between inductive and deductive arguments. The best way to describe the similarities and difference between inductive and deductive arguments, it would be best if the term "argument" had a definition. Everyday people have arguments. For these everyday conversations "argument" means "dispute". In this Logic class an argument consists of claims or statements followed by a final claim. The statements that articulates the reason for agreement of the final claim called “the premises” (Internet Encyclopedia...

    Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 1677  Words | 5  Pages

  • Deductive Reasonig

    Deductive reasoning Deductive reasoning happens when a researcher works from the more general information to the more specific. Sometimes this is called the “top-down” approach because the researcher starts at the top with a very broad spectrum of information and they work their way down to a specific conclusion. For instance, a researcher might begin with a theory about his or her topic of interest. From there, he or she would narrow that down into more specific hypotheses that can be tested. The...

    Deduction, Deductive reasoning, Inductive reasoning 1836  Words | 6  Pages

  • A Critical Evaluation of the Deductive Argument from Evil

    Critically Evaluate the Deductive Argument from Evil Logically, can Evil and the “three-O” God co-exist in this universe? The deductive argument from evil says they cannot. In this essay I will explain the argument and analyze why it is valid but unsound. I will do this by discussing fallacious nature of the premise that if God were omnipotent and knew he could prevent the existence of evil without sacrificing some greater good he would then necessarily prevent it. The essay will propose...

    Argument, Deductive reasoning, Existence of God 1710  Words | 5  Pages

  • Deductive Argument

    concepts of Plato and Aristotle intending to explain how one comes to have knowledge and the process through which it’s obtained. As support, I will explain Plato’s theory of forms and Aristotle’s theory of essence because they are a direct correlation to their view of knowledge through reality. Plato’s theory of Forms is a theory of knowledge and a theory of being. He describes, in the divided line, the division of existence. Plato believes the source of our knowledge is separate from this world...

    Aristotle, Epistemology, Mind 1506  Words | 5  Pages

  • Deductive Reasoning

    Deductive Reasoning In order to fully understand deductive reasoning, there are certain points to be noted. First, what is the nature of deductive reasoning? Logical strength is defined as the property of an argument whose premises, if true provide support for its conclusion. Deductive and inductive arguments are also distinguished based on the point that logical strength is a matter of degree. This distinction makes it necessary to understand the nature of deductive reasoning. Therefore, deductive...

    Abductive reasoning, Affirming the consequent, Argument 1272  Words | 4  Pages

  • Crtical Thinking-Arguments

    Argument is a claim put forward and defended with reasons. • Arguments are composed of: 1. Premises 2. Conclusion • Statement: A sentence that can sensibly be regarded as either true or false. • 2 things about statements: 1. A sentence may be used to express more than one statement. 2. Not all sentences are statements. 3. Consider the CONTEXT in which particular expression is used. Identifying Premises and Conclusions 1. Premise indicators ...

    Analogy, Argument, Critical thinking 919  Words | 6  Pages

  • Sample Paper for Propositional Arguments

    Sample paper for propositional arguments In this paper, I will analyze the following argument in terms of validity and soundness: An argument is a syllogism only if it is valid. An argument has a true conclusion, if it is valid. If an argument has consistent premises, then it has a true conclusion. Thus, if an argument is a syllogism, then it has a true conclusion. As we shall soon learn, this argument is valid but unsound. I begin...

    Argument, Arguments, Logic 595  Words | 3  Pages

  • Crt 205 Mapping an Argument

    Mapping an Argument The first article chosen was Abortion Is a Form of Genocide by Meredith Eugene Hunt. The issue in this article is “abortion as a form of genocide is accurate by historical and accepted standards of the word’s definition” (Abortion, 2010). I highlighted this as the issue because it includes everything the author is trying to prove to the reader. Hunt wants to make it known that she believes abortion is a form of genocide even though the parameters fit loosely. She also points...

    Analogy, Argument, Aristotle 861  Words | 3  Pages

  • Final Project: Comprehensive Argument Analysis

    Axia College Material Appendix E Critical Analysis Forms Fill out one form for each of the two articles provided for your topic. You will fill out one for the “pro” article and another for the “con” article. Please make sure to follow the instructions in the syllabus carefully! If you do not want to use this form for the Final, I will also accept answers in numbered paragraph form. Let me know if you have questions! Source 1 Animal Experimentation Is Always Justified by Jennifer A...

    Animal Liberation Front, Animal rights, Animal testing 1653  Words | 5  Pages

  • Recognizing Arguments

    reasoning behind your thoughts. You were able to link theory with practical application and real-world settings. However, remember that in an inductive argument, you cannot guarantee the conclusion. A deductive argument follows the if “this” than “that” format, so it must be true. Please see my attached comments regarding 1 premise/conclusion issue, 1 strict/loose, and 3 in part IIa. I would suggest the following to improve the professional nature of your work: Please always include a proper...

    Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 2040  Words | 7  Pages

  • Argument and New York Times

    Recognizing Arguments In this assignment, you will apply key concepts covered in the module readings. You will identify the component parts of arguments and differentiate between various types of arguments such as strict, loose, inductive, and deductive. You will then construct specific, original arguments. There are two parts to the assignment. Complete both parts. Part 1 1a: Identify Components of Arguments Identify the component parts of the argument, premises and conclusion, for the...

    Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 1297  Words | 7  Pages

  • Descartes Dream Argument - Philosophy

    imagine things happening often with the same sense of reality as we do when we are awake. In Descartes dream argument, he states there are no reliable signs distinguishing sleeping from waking. In his dream argument, he is not saying we are merely dreaming all of what we experience, nor, is he saying we can distinguish dreaming from being awake. I think his point is we cannot be for sure what we experience as being real in this world is actually real. When Descartes remembers occasions when he...

    Argument, Dream, Dreaming 1410  Words | 4  Pages

  • Reasoning Powers and Types

    b. DEDUCTIVE REASONING Deductive reasoning, also called deductive logic, is reasoning which constructs or evaluates deductive arguments. Deductive arguments are attempts to show that a conclusion necessarily follows from a set of premises. A deductive argument is valid if the conclusion does follow necessarily from the premises, i.e., if the conclusion must be true provided that the premises are true. A deductive argument is sound if it is valid and its premises are true. Deductive arguments are...

    Abductive reasoning, Analogy, Deductive reasoning 717  Words | 3  Pages

  • ASCT Chapter 1 Argument Basics

    Chapter 1: Argument Basics 1.1 Identifying Arguments The first step of the critical thinking process concerns the ability to identity arguments; this, in turn, requires that we know what an argument is. For the purposes of this text, we will define an argument as a set of propositions, one of which (the conclusion) is claimed to follow from the others (the premises). So, according to this definition, every argument has exactly one conclusion and can have any number of premises. Again, conclusions and premises...

    Analogy, Argument, Deductive reasoning 5451  Words | 14  Pages

  • Deductive and Inductive Language

    Discussion 1 Deductive Language   Construct a deductive argument that is valid but not sound. Then, construct a valid deductive argument that is sound. Be sure to put the argument in premise-conclusion form.   Discussion 2 Inductive Language   Construct an inductive argument for a specific conclusion. Then, explain what you might do to make this inductive argument stronger, either by revising the premises or by revising the conclusion. Week 1 Discussion 1 Consider an argument you have...

    Argument, Argumentation theory, Critical thinking 749  Words | 2  Pages

  • Argument in the Apology

    The main argument in The Apology by famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher Socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. In his words Socrates quoted the prosecution's accusation against him: "Socrates is guilty of corrupting the minds of the young, and of believing in supernatural things of his own invention instead of the gods recognized by the state." 1 Further...

    2005 albums, Argument, Corruption 903  Words | 3  Pages

  • Analysis of Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Argument from Evil

    Analysis to Anselm’s Ontological Argument and the Argument from Evil The debate of the existence of God had been active since before the first philosopher has pondered the question. Anselm’s Ontological Argument was introduced during the 11th century and had stood deductively valid until the 18th century. Then there are the arguments to aim disprove God, such as the Argument from Evil. The Ontological argument is an a priori deductive argument. That is, an argument relating to being, that is...

    Atheism, Existence, God 1434  Words | 4  Pages

  • Rhetoric and Argument

    ENG122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument English 122: Composition II An Introduction to Argument Argument and Rhetoric An argument can take many forms. It is, at its root, a method for communicating a singular position with evidence, logic, and persuasion. There are essential elements to all valid arguments, though they may take different forms. 1. Claim 2. Evidence 3. Counterargument 4. Rebuttal A successful argument depends upon the delicate balance between these elements. Imagine a...

    Argument, Arguments, Counterargument 1323  Words | 5  Pages

  • Teleological Argument for Creation

    Melissa Watchorn November 4, 2011 The Teleological Argument and its Not-so-logical Form. The teleological argument attempts to prove in its form that there is an ultimate design and therefore ultimate designer of the universe. It attempts to tell us that, since the universe shows some form of design (a butterfly’s wings, a human eye, etc), there must be some sort of intelligent designer behind it all. The argument from design is as follows: “Watches, houses, ships, machines and so on all...

    Charles Darwin, Creationism, Evolution 1639  Words | 4  Pages

  • Argument Analysis

    Arguments are an integral part of human society, and structuring these arguments properly is important to emphasize a point. In the documentary I Can Change Your Mind About Climate, many legitimate and illegitimate arguments are put forward to the viewer. Some of these arguments are structurally wrong, and in some of them the premises are not relevant to the conclusion. The purpose of the documentary was for the two main protagonists, Anna Rose and Nick Minchin to try and change each others minds...

    Analogy, Argument, Argumentation theory 732  Words | 2  Pages

  • Comprehensive Argument Analysis

    ------------------------------------------------- Axia College Material Appendix E Critical Analysis Forms Fill out one form for each source. Source 1 Title and Citation: A U.S. Invasion of Iraq Is Not Justified | Zunes, Stephen. "A U.S. Invasion of Iraq Is Not Justified." The Nation 275 (30 Sept. 2002): 11. Rpt. in Is Military Action Justified Against Nations Thought to Support Terrorism? Ed. James D. Torr. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2003. At Issue. Gale Opposing Viewpoints...

    2003 invasion of Iraq, Critical thinking, George W. Bush 1273  Words | 4  Pages

  • Zombie Argument

    Zombie argument against Cartesian Dualism is sound by: criticising the Zombie argument through analysing the validity of each premise of the Zombie argument, defending the Zombie argument against one of its objections and responses from the Cartesian Argument by analogy. This essay will offer reasons to believe the Zombie argument by contrasting it with the strengths and weaknesses of the Cartesian Dualist main argument and the Cartesian Dualist Argument by Analogy and then draw a conclusion as to...

    Argument, Consciousness, Mind 1641  Words | 4  Pages

  • Collaboration and Argument

    Collaboration and Argument Carmetta C Jackson and Waltresa Mayho ENG/215 EFFECTIVE ACADEMIC WRITING JULY 9, 2011 DR Tracy A Boothe Collaboration and Argument Collaboration is defined as working collectively with others or concurrently to achieve a goal especially in a creative attempt to put together the right elements of success implemented to accomplish something. Argument is defined as controversy or the implication of expression through opinions for an effort to persuade;...

    Argument, Argument map, Collaboration 2218  Words | 7  Pages

  • Syllogism: Logic and Minor Conclusion

    infinitely many possible syllogisms, there are only a finite number of logically distinct types. We shall classify and enumerate them below. Note that the syllogisms above share the same abstract form:Major premise: All M are P.Minor premise: All S are M.Conclusion: All S are P.The premises and conclusion of a syllogism can be any of four types, which are labelled by letters[1] as follows. The meaning of the letters is given by the table:code quantifier subject copula predicate type exampleA All S are P...

    Affirming the consequent, Argument form, Denying the antecedent 1530  Words | 5  Pages

  • Thomas Aquinas Cosmological Argument

    From the arguments discussed in class, I choose to evaluate Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument. Aquinas offers a believable case for the existence of God through five arguments. The arguments are “a posteriori arguments” with five strategies (Aquinas 52). The first argues that there is an unmoved mover that originated all motion but the mover, itself, does not move. The second argument concludes: “there must be a first cause to explain the existence of cause” (Aquinas 52). The third argument says...

    Argument, Aristotle, Causality 2353  Words | 6  Pages

  • Chapter 2 Deductive Reasoning

    Chapter 2 Deductive Reasoning In chapter 1 we distinguished between deductive and inductive reasoning. As you have seen, in the former the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises, whereas in the latter the conclusion follows from the premises with a degree of probability. In this chapter we will examine some basic concepts of deductive logic. Basics of Deductive Reasoning Logical Form All deductive arguments have argument forms. An argument form is a symbolic representation of an argument with...

    Argument, Deductive reasoning, Inductive reasoning 2416  Words | 11  Pages

  • The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God

    The cosmological argument for the existence of god According to St. John 8:31-32 said, “If you remain in my word, you will truly be my disciples, and you will know the truth and the truth shall set you free”. This sentence is come from the bible, but I am not a christian, so I do not really understand what this means. I guess it was talking about if people believe in god, and trust his words, and in the end the will get the freedom. For many of christians, they believes in god, but many of...

    Cosmogony, Cosmological argument, Existence 1416  Words | 4  Pages

  • Inductive & Deductive Research

    INDUCTIVE & DEDUCTIVE RESEARCH APPROACH Meritorious Prof. Dr. S. M. Aqil Burney Director UBIT Chairman Department of Computer Science University of Karachi burney@computer.org www.drburney.net Designed and Assisted by Hussain Saleem hussainsaleem@uok.edu.pk 06th March 2008 "Well begun is half done" --Aristotle, quoting an old proverb 2 Research Methods In research, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches. Research...

    Abductive reasoning, Artificial intelligence, Deductive reasoning 812  Words | 6  Pages

  • Hume's Argument for Skepticism

    Honors October 9, 2012 Hume’s argument for skepticism about induction states that we can use induction, like causation, to gain knowledge. We must rely on induction to draw conclusions in everyday life because it is the only resource we have to work with. However, we must realize the limitations of induction. Philosopher Karl Popper successfully undermines Hume’s problem of induction by proving that induction is not needed in science and that Hume’s argument is circular. Karl Popper argued...

    Falsifiability, Hypothesis, Inductive reasoning 1318  Words | 4  Pages

  • Fallacy and Arguments

    Everyday we encounter arguments in many different places. It could be at work, home, at a gas station, while driving in the freeway, or even just by watching television. Most arguments we hear or take part in are "sound and convincing" but some arguments have logical fallacies or having mistakes in their reasoning. There are many types of logical fallacies that are common and frequently committed which sometimes are used to "psychologically" persuade the reader or viewer. Examples of these common...

    Argument, Argumentation theory, Attacking Faulty Reasoning 853  Words | 3  Pages

  • Deductive and Inductive

     Deductive and Inductive Arguments Assignment # Course name Your name School name Prof's name 04/09/2015 According to the definition of deductive argument, it described the structure of a specific kind of argument; a deductive argument is an argument is an argument that attempts to prove its conclusion necessarily. Loosely verbalizing, if the author's operation of logical thinking is a good one, if the premises authentically do provide this scarcely justification for the conclusion...

    Analogy, Argument, Critical thinking 368  Words | 3  Pages

  • argument

    Useful Argumentative Essay Words and Phrases Examples of Argumentative Language Below are examples of signposts that are used in argumentative essays. Signposts enable the reader to follow our arguments easily. When pointing out opposing arguments (Cons):     Opponents of this idea claim/maintain that… Those who disagree/ are against these ideas may say/ assert that… Some people may disagree with this idea, Some people may say that…however… When stating specifically why...

    Conclusion, Critical thinking, Idea 730  Words | 4  Pages

  • Reconstructio of Arguments

    RECONSTRUCTING ARGUMENTS Deductive and Inductive Here we are to learn the techniques for PART I, Making a Critique- i.e., argument reconstruction, by doing the following “steps”: 1. Read the discourse; 2. Number and Bracket arguments; 3. Write an Index of Claims; and 4. Tree-Diagram the arguments. What is critiquing? Benjamin Samuel Bloom (1913 – 1999) - the creator of Bloom’s Taxonomy (1956) following a framework for categorizing educational goals: Taxonomy of Educational...

    Analogy, Argument, Arguments 18502  Words | 68  Pages

  • Deductive Versus Inductive Reasoning

    Compare and Contrast the Inductive and Deductive Research Paradigm/Approaches When underlying assumptions and intellectual structure are built upon research, observation, or development in a field of inquiry a paradigm is created. The way we perceive the world around us or the way facts and theories are established are generated in different ways. Knowledge is constantly being produced, based on assumptions or reasoning. One might see a story in the news of a shark in Southern California that attacks...

    Deduction, Deductive reasoning, Hypothesis 971  Words | 3  Pages

  • Anselm's Ontological Argument and Gaunilo's Response

    outline the Ontological Argument, proposed by Anselm of Canterbury, to prove the existence of God (in particular the Christian God). It also discusses Gaunilo’s objection to the ontological argument with the use of the “Lost Island” analogy. And finally offers an opinion as to whether or not Gaunilo’s objection successfully refutes Anselm’s argument. Anselm’s ontological argument, sourced from the “Proslogium” (with himself as the author), is a highly controversial argument that aims to prove the...

    Anselm of Canterbury, Existence, Medieval philosophy 1084  Words | 4  Pages

  • Basic Argument for Fatalism

    Metaphysics The “Basic” Argument for Theological Fatalism Fatalism Fatalism is the view that everything that happens in entirely unavoidable. Since everything that happens is unavoidable, none of our actions are genuinely up to us and we powerless to do anything other than what we actually do. Here is Richard Taylor on what the fatalist believes [“Fate” from Metaphysics, 4th Ed (Pearson, 1991)]: “A fatalist is someone who believes that whatever happens is and always was unavoidable. ...

    Argument, Free will, Logic 1464  Words | 5  Pages

  • position/argument essay

    wju.edu/arc/ How Do I Write a Position/Argument Essay? Having a strong thesis has been important all along in your writing. Having a coherent form to individual sentences, paragraphs, and the essay as a whole has been important all along in your writing. Yet here is where everything comes together, where the various compositional forms (cause/effect, classification/division, comparison/contrast, example/illustration etc.) may serve your argument. The good news is that, unless you’ve been...

    Argument, Essay, Fallacy 754  Words | 3  Pages

  • Descartes Argument for the Existence of Corporeal Things

    focuses on the nature of humanity and divinity. This essay is a discussion of this discourse, and will summarize, explain and object to various parts of his work. The majority of this essay focuses on Descartes Sixth Meditation, which includes his argument that corporeal things do exist. 1. There clearly exists a passive faculty of sensing and I use it involuntarily. 2. If there exists a passive faculty of sensing within me and I use it, then there exists an active faculty of producing sense ideas...

    Epistemology, Existence, Existence of God 1886  Words | 5  Pages

  • Do culture and individual beliefs affect logical thinking? If so, how do they influence the conclusions we reach?

    reasoning consistently to come to a conclusion. If this definition is strictly followed, logical thinking cannot be affected by any outside influences as long as the premises are truly valid. For example the syllogism: All mammals are warm blooded. Whales are mammals. Whales are warm blooded. is truly logical because the major premise is true. In a more 'general world' however, we refer to logical thinking as simply deducing a reasonable explanation or conclusion from what is already and personally...

    Critical thinking, Deductive reasoning, Fallacy 1513  Words | 6  Pages

  • The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument

    The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument Aristotle's thoughts on Zeno's Arrow Argument as represented in Chapter 9 of Aristotle's Physics: A Guided Study can be understood in such a way that it might not be "next door to madness". In this chapter, Aristotle interprets Zeno's argument of the Flying Arrow as "missing the mark". There are four premises for this argument, and in Aristotle's opinion, premise three can be rejected. He does not believe that time is composed...

    Argument, Aristotle, Logic 960  Words | 3  Pages

  • A Deconstruction of Rene Descartes' Argument on the Existence of the Corporeal World

    Meditation’s 10th paragraph, Descartes goes through the process of, what he believes to be, proving the conclusion: That corporeal objects do exist. In this essay Descartes’ argument will be deconstructed into its premises, explaining those premises, reconstructing the argument, and lastly evaluation of the validity and soundness of his argument. Descartes begins his argument my stating his first premise, which is that he has the abilities of Imagination and Perception and that he can conceive of himself...

    Argument, Consciousness, Materialism 889  Words | 3  Pages

  • Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

    Reasoning Reasoning is a method of coming to conclusions by the use of logical argument. There are three basic form of reasoning: inductive, deductive and the combination of both called inductive/deductive (Walliman & Baiche, 2001). Inductive and Deductive Reasoning Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning is one method of reasoning that researchers use. It is based on making a conclusion or generalization based on a limited number of observations. Thus, it produces from the specific to the general...

    Abductive reasoning, Analogy, Deductive reasoning 1060  Words | 4  Pages

  • The Moral Argument

    THE MORAL ARGUMENT How do we explain the fact that people often refrain from immoral acts even when there is no risk of their being caught? There are many formulations of the moral argument but they all have as their starting point the phenomenon (fact) of moral conscience. In essence the moral argument poses the question: where does our conscience, our sense of morality come from if not from God? It also asserts that if we accept the existence of objective moral laws we must accept the existence...

    Categorical imperative, Deontological ethics, Ethics 1732  Words | 5  Pages

  • Explain Anselm’s Ontological Argument.

    Explain Anselm’s ontological argument. The ontological argument was put forth at first as a prayer by the eleventh century monk and philosopher Anselm of Canterbury. In his Proslogion, which means discourse, he presented this argument as a prayer for believers to substantiate their belief in god. Anselm uses ‘a priori’ (which means before experience) reasoning, which conveys that it does not rely or depend on experience and so an argument of this sort is more plausible and likely to intrigue and...

    Anselm of Canterbury, Existence, Logic 1258  Words | 4  Pages

  • PHI 103 Week 1 Arguments And Their Components

    This document PHI 103 Week 1 Arguments And Their Components includes right answer to the following questions: Consider an argument you have recently had with a friend, family member, manager, co-worker, or someone else. Identify the topic of the argument and present that argument in premise-conclusion form, identifying both the premises and conclusion. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Respond to at least two of your classmates Philosophy - General...

    Argument, Argumentation theory, Attacking Faulty Reasoning 505  Words | 3  Pages

  • Good and Bad Arguments

    between good and bad arguments. Give the elements of ethical arguments. On what grounds do you distinguish between fact and mere opinion?  An argument is a group of statements where one of which is supposed to be supported by the rest. The premise is the supporting statement and the conclusion is the statement being supported. Ethical arguments must have premise(s) and a conclusion and may appear in any order. Often arguments have indicator words that signal a premise or conclusion is near. There are...

    Argument, Belief, Critical thinking 434  Words | 2  Pages

  • Determination of a Cogent Argument

    Course Date Determination of a Cogent Argument Cogency is a term that is used to show coherency of the various premise that contributes to a conclusion that is derived from the individual statements (Audi 235). Cogency thus depends on the premises, if all the premises are true, then the conclusion will be probably construed to be true, the use of the word probably makes it open for any argument to be considered. Cogency is used in inductive argument where observations are used as an inference...

    Argument, Cogency, Critical thinking 678  Words | 3  Pages

  • Fallacious Argument

    1. Fallacious Arguments   Considering the fallacies discussed in Chapter Four of An Introduction to Logic, construct three different arguments that display distinct fallacies. Give an explanation of why each makes a mistake in drawing the conclusion it does. Review your classmates’ examples and see if they, in fact, commit the fallacy identified. Before getting to examples of different arguments that display distinct fallacies I will define a fallacious argument. In our text fallacy is defined...

    Argument, Argumentation theory, Attacking Faulty Reasoning 1215  Words | 4  Pages

  • Multiple Choice Questions Choose The Best

     Multiple Choice Questions: Choose the best answer. 1. Arguments that try to prove their conclusions with rigorous, inescapable logic are __________. a. logically reliable b. inductive c. abductive d. deductive 2. An argument in which the conclusion is claimed to follow probably from the premises is __________. a. implicative b. inductive c. deductive d. none of the above 3. Which of the following is not a common induction indicator word or phrase? a. it logically follows that b. likely c...

    Argument, Critical thinking, Deductive reasoning 676  Words | 4  Pages

  • Descartes' First Trademark Argument

    Descartes First Trademark Argument – Essay Descartes argues that our idea of God is innate, meaning it is something inside us from birth, something that has always been there and will always be there. He believed that everybody has an idea of God being a supremely perfect being, and comes to the conclusion in his argument, that God himself put this idea there, he even said that our idea of God is like “the mark of the craftsman stamped on his work” – us being the work, the mark being our knowledge...

    Epistemology, God, John Locke 1251  Words | 4  Pages

  • Cosmological argument

    Cosmological argument The Cosmological argument attempts to explain that something has caused the universe to exist and this First cause is what we call God. The argument begins with observations that try to support the following statements: • Everything in the universe has a cause • The universe itself must have a cause • To avoid infinite regress of causes there must be an uncaused cause • This uncaused cause is God The argument uses inductive reasoning, which means that the premises support the...

    Aristotle, Causality, Cosmogony 1495  Words | 4  Pages

  • An Intro To Argument Week 1 Discussion 1

    English 122: Composition II An Intro to Argument Argument and Rhetoric An argument's a method for communicating a singular position w/evidence, logic, & persuasion. There are essential elements to all valid arguments, though they may take different forms. 1. Claim 3. Counterargument 2. Evidence 4. Rebuttal A successful argument depends upon the balance between these elements. The claim is the basis of the argument. A big opposing viewpoint, called the counterargument, is constantly pushing...

    Argument, Arguments, Critical thinking 932  Words | 2  Pages

  • Cosmological Argument

    The Cosmological Argument as proof of God The Cosmological Argument is born out of premise that the world must have a cause and a reason for existing. The word ‘cosmos’ comes the Greek word meaning concerned with cause. The argument is posteriori in its nature, meaning it is based on thing we experience in the universe, and takes a probabilistic approach to try and decipher how said evidence came to being. In this essay I will focus on arguments from Aquinas, Leibniz and Frederick Copleston, whilst...

    Arguments for the existence of God, Causality, Cosmological argument 1492  Words | 4  Pages

  • The Ontological Argument: an Explanation and Critical Assessment

    The Ontological Argument: An explanation and critical assessment Phil 361 Lec 01 Professor: Reid Buchanan Ryley Braun, 10013764 April 16, 2010 The ontological argument is an attempt to refute skepticism of God and prove His existence through reason alone. The philosopher, Saint Anselm, presented his work on the ontological argument, or argument from reason, in his text the Proslogium. The argument, on the surface, is very logically convincing and attempts to allure even the skeptic of...

    Existence, Existence of God, God 1730  Words | 5  Pages

  • ontological argument

    outlines his Ontological argument in the form of a prayer spoken directly to God. As a firm believer in God, Anselm wished to prove God’s existence and confirm his strong faith by using logic and reason. The Ontological argument is a priori and is based on deductive reasoning because it seeks to prove the existence of God from the understanding of the attributes of the God of classical theism. Chapter Two of the Proslogion introduces Anselm’s argument. The first part of the argument focuses on the definition...

    Anselm of Canterbury, Atheism, Existence 1340  Words | 4  Pages

  • Racial and Criminal Profiling: a Deductive Argument

    our equal rights ending up in over representation in America’s prisons and discrimination in the real world. Race is a socially constructed form of categorization that has often been misunderstood, leading to different forms of racism. It is a set of shared interests, characteristics, and culture. Race is an illusion that has been created to construct identity. Identity is not totally decided by you, but chosen for you by what people have decided about you. The way that people see other people...

    Amnesty International, Human rights, Police 1829  Words | 5  Pages

  • The Teleological Argument

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