• Friction Loss Along Pipe
    the pump is switched on. 6. V1 is opened gradually and the piping is allowed to fill with water until all air has been expelled from the system. B. Experiment 1: Fluid Friction in Smooth Bore Pipes 1. The appropriate valves are opened and closed to obtain flow of water through the required...
    Premium 2637 Words 11 Pages
  • Head loss due to friction
     The objective : 1. To determine the head loss and friction factor for laminar & turbulent flow in a smooth pipe over a range of Reynolds's number . 2. To obtain the following relationships : a. Head loss as a function of the velocity of flow . b. Friction...
    Premium 730 Words 3 Pages
  • Lab Report
    | Evident from the devices’ name, the rough bore pipe has a K value approximately 3 times of that of the smooth bore pipe. The rougher interior of the rough bore pipe would provide more frictional resistance to fluid flow hence contributing to greater head loss. Bends and elbows |Device...
    Premium 12052 Words 49 Pages
  • Fluid Friction Measurements
    tube (17) A Venturi made of clear acrylic (18) 2 · · · · An orifice meter made of clear acrylic (19) A ball valve (12) A globe valve (20) A gate valve (21) 3. Theory: 3.1 Fluid Friction in a Smooth Bore Pipe Two types of flow may exist in a pipe: 1) Laminar flow at low velocities where h...
    Premium 2246 Words 9 Pages
  • Real Fluids
    . 15 Pressure loss during a laminar flow in a pipe  Up to this point we only considered ideal fluid where there is no losses due to friction or any other factors.  In reality, because fluids are viscous, energy is lost by flowing fluids due to friction which must be taken into account.  The...
    Premium 1777 Words 8 Pages
  • essay
    and pressure distribution along venture tube. HM150.07 Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration Fluid Mechanics Experiment 2: Friction along a pipe To demonstrate the change in the law if resistance and to establish the critical value of R (Reynolds number). Lab unit: Test pipe, Air valve, Bleed...
    Premium 10116 Words 41 Pages
  • Pneumatic
    ). Establishing Smooth Velocity Profile We have learnt from equation P1V1 = P2V2, that as the pressure decreases along the line from the pick-up point to the discharge, the air volume expands and therefore the volume (or velocity) will be continually increasing. This is true for a single bore pipe line...
    Premium 13693 Words 55 Pages
  • Fluid Mechanic Lab Report
    , smooth laminar flow. When the fluid’s Reynolds number is too high, the friction factor gives in and turbulent flow results. Also, the roughness of the pipe or the surface the fluid flows on has a great influence, the greater the roughness of the pipe or system, the greater the chances of turbulent flow...
    Premium 2457 Words 10 Pages
  • Friction Losses Lab Report - Fluids
    . Causes of friction loss can include the movement of fluid molecules against one another, or against the inside surface of the pipe and bends, kinks or sharp turns in hose or piping. This experiment allows us to investigate different scenarios of piping, particularly in roughness, geometry and...
    Premium 1692 Words 7 Pages
  • Fluid Dynamics
    Chapter 11 Flow in Closed Conduits CN2122 / CN2122E Main Topics      • • • • Introduction Reynolds' Experiment Dimensional Analysis of Conduit Flow Friction Factor for Fully Developed Laminar Flow Friction Factor for Fully Developed Turbulent Flow Smooth Pipe Law Rough Pipe Law...
    Premium 6844 Words 28 Pages
  • Hydraulic Jump
    permanently lost through confusion to heat. In an open channel flow, this demonstrated as the fast flow rapidly slowing and piling up on top of itself similar to how shockwave occurred. The smooth transition is possible in open channel flow from subcritical to supercritical flow, but it’s not...
    Premium 2227 Words 9 Pages
  • Hydraulics 1 Notes
    through an orifice; tank-emptying) 4. The Momentum Principle 4.1 Steady-flow momentum principle 4.2 Applications (pipe contractions; pipe bends; jets) 5. Energy 5.1 Derivation of Bernoulli’s equation from an energy principle 5.2 Fluid head 5.3 Departures from ideal flow (discharge...
    Premium 5253 Words 22 Pages
  • Fluid Mechanics - White
    the natural channel to correct for the geometric discrepancy. Thus the friction effect of the discrepancy can be corrected, but its effect on, say, dispersion of heat and mass is less well known. EXAMPLE 5.7 The pressure drop due to friction for flow in a long smooth pipe is a function of average...
    Premium 215937 Words 864 Pages
  • Micro Tunneling
    product pipeline. The accuracy of the bore is normally determined using laser guidance control systems similar to that for pipe jacking but with technical developments to permit remote operation from a control cabin at the surface spoil from the excavated face is removed by an auger...
    Premium 16022 Words 65 Pages
  • Fluid Flow in a Smooth Pipe
    Experiment 1 Fluid Flow In A Smooth Pipe Abstract In this experiment, three variable flow meters are used to alter the flowrate. Changes in pressure drop due to the change in flowrate are then observed from the three pressure gauges that can measure pressure at different range and recorded. The...
    Premium 713 Words 3 Pages
  • F1- Fluid Flow
    pipe = 2(m); u – Speed of the fluid (m/s); Friction factor is obtained due to main aims of the experiment and then plotted on the logarithmic scale graph along with the experimental Reynolds number. e) Having experimental values for both friction factor (f) and Reynolds Number(Re) graph...
    Premium 2057 Words 9 Pages
  • Reliability Factors of Pumps
    D V g = = = = = = Head loss due to friction friction factor Pipe length Pipe inner diameter Average fluid velocity gravitational acceleration 2 For laminar flow, f = 64 / Re, and is independent of pipe bore surface roughness. For turbulent flow, f can be determined from the Moody Diagram, once...
    Premium 18526 Words 75 Pages
  • Term
    pressure for flow in straight pipes, through pipe bends, fittings, orifice and venturi meters. 3.1.2. Theory When a fluid flows along a pipe, friction between the fluid and the pipe wall causes a loss of energy. This energy loss shows itself as a progressive fall in pressure along the pipe and...
    Premium 4443 Words 18 Pages
  • Metallic Bench Vise
    of Contents ABSTRACT 1 AGENDA 2 UNIT I | INTRODUCTION 3 CHAPTER 1| METALLIC BENCH VISE 3 CHAPTER 2 | APPLICATIONS 4 CHAPTER 3 | OTHER TYPES OF VISES AND THEIR USES 5 Machinist’s Bench Vise 5 Bench and Pipe Vise 5 Clamp Base Bench Vise 6 Hand Vise 6 UNIT II | DESIGN...
    Premium 4512 Words 19 Pages
  • Ce Practical Notes
    gradient of pipes? Manning's Equation is commonly used for rough turbulent flow while Colebrook-White Equation is adopted for transition between rough and smooth turbulent flow. For Manning's Equation, it is simple to use and has proven to have acceptable degree of accuracy and is the most commonly...
    Premium 18598 Words 75 Pages