Abstract This experiment of the friction loss along a smooth pipe shows that there are existence of laminar and transitional flows as stated in Graph 2.0 and Graph 2.1. It is proven that the higher velocity along the smooth bore pipe, the higher is the head loss of water. As shown in Table 3.0, when...
head loss and friction factor for laminar & turbulent flow in a smooth pipe over a range of Reynolds's number . 2. To obtain the following relationships : a. Head loss as a function of the velocity of flow . b. Friction factor as a function of Reynolds number . Theory : The friction resistance...
Analysis 58 H. Conclusion 61 Part II: Centrifugal Pump Characteristics I. Introduction 62 J. Objectives 63 K. Theoretical Background 63 L. Experimental Procedures 68 M. Safety Precautions 68 N. Results and Calculations 69 O. Discussion 75 P. Error Analysis 79 Q. Conclusion 80 References...
Introduction: When a fluid is flowing through a pipe, it experiences some resistance due to which some of energy (head) of fluid is lost. Energy loss through friction in the length of pipeline is commonly termed the major loss (hf) which is the loss of head due to pipe friction and to viscous dissipation...
FLUID FRICTION MEASUREMENTS YEDITEPE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 1 YEDITEPE UNIVERSITY ENGINEERING FACULTY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY Fluid Friction Measurements 1. Objective: Ø To determine the head loss. Ø To determine the head loss associated with flow of water...
16/11/2011 Fluid Mechanics - 4 Real Fluids 1 Contents Introduction Objectives Real Fluid Types of Flow Laminar Flow Turbulent Flow 2 1 16/11/2011 Introduction In the earlier chapter, the basic equations of continuity and energy were introduced and applied to fluid flow cases...
acceptable and simple to maintain 3. Third, they are flexible in terms of rerouting and expansion. A pneumatic system can convey a product at any place a pipe line can run. Pneumatic conveying can be used for particles ranging from fine powders to pellets and bulk densities of 16 to 3200 kg/m3 (1 to 200 lb/ft3)...
3.1 Writing Skill Each student is required to prepare a written report at the conclusion of every experiment. The reports must always be brief, but yet provide sufficient information to convey to the reader that you understood the principles...
Fluid Mechanics Laboratory 2 Report Robby Joseph 14103508 1.0 Introduction This experiment was undertaken for the study of flow in pipes and the factors that affect it in both laminar and turbulent regimes. The transitional regime between laminar and turbulent flow will also be studied...
Friction Losses Abstract—The purpose of the experiment is to study the differences of roughness, valves and geometries of pipe and how they influence friction losses. Introduction Friction loss is the loss of energy or “head” that occurs in pipe flow due...
Drilling Fluids Physical Properties of Mud PETE 101 Introduction to Petroleum Engineering Submitted to: Dr. Shirish Patil Petroleum Engineering Department University of Alaska Fairbanks By: Me Abstract Drilling fluid (mud) is a mixture of water or oil, or emulsion base...
Flow Friction Factor for Fully Developed Laminar Flow Friction Factor for Fully Developed Turbulent Flow Smooth Pipe Law Rough Pipe Law Different Workers Results Application Energy/ pressure loss problem Velocity/ flow rate problem Pipe Sizing Problem • Explicit Equation for Friction Factor ...
In an open channel flow, this demonstrated as the fast flow rapidly slowing and piling up on top of itself similar to how shockwave occurred. The smooth transition is possible in open channel flow from subcritical to supercritical flow, but it’s not possible the other way around. Hydraulic jump ...
Fluid Mechanics McGraw-Hill Series in Mechanical Engineering CONSULTING EDITORS Jack P. Holman, Southern Methodist University John Lloyd, Michigan State University Anderson Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Basics with Applications Anderson Modern Compressible Flow: With Historical Perspective Arora...
experiment has been performed in order to classify the three stages that the fluid will experience when travelling through a small diameter pipe. The concept of laminar, transition and turbulent flows were investigated. Basic fluids dynamics equations of Reynolds Number and Darcy’s Equation were used during...
NHYDRAULICS 1 (HYDRODYNAMICS) SPRING 2005 Part 1. Fluid-Flow Principles 1. Introduction 1.1 Definitions 1.2 Notation and fluid properties 1.3 Hydrostatics 1.4 Fluid dynamics 1.5 Control volumes 1.6 Visualising fluid flow 1.7 Real and ideal fluids 1.8 Laminar and turbulent flow 2. Continuity...
Experiment 1 Fluid Flow In A Smooth Pipe Abstract In this experiment, three variable flow meters are used to alter the flowrate. Changes in pressure drop due to the change in flowrate are then observed from the three pressure gauges that can measure pressure at different range and recorded. The shift...
Continuous operation at best-efficiency point (BEP) 2. Adequate net positive suction head (NPSH) 3. Low velocity fluid flow within the pump and throughout the system 4. Processing of fluids that are benign -- ie: a) Chemically and physically stable b) At near-ambient temperatures c) Free of particles...
mm; b) to remove the rock particles, while still acting on fresh material; c) to maintain the stability of the walls of the hole; d) to prevent the fluids contained in the drilled formations from entering the well. This can be achieved by various drilling techniques. In this chapter rotary drilling rigs...
Air Consumption Measurement of Exhaust Smoke 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 Measurement of Exhaust Emission Measurement of Brake Power Measurement of Friction Horse Power Blowby Loss Performance of SI Engines Performance of CI Engines 7.10 Summary 7.11 Key Words 7.12 Answers to SAQs 7.1 INTRODUCTION ...