• Pointless Violence Under a Veil of Tradition in “the Lottery”: a Discovery Via the Tools of Irony and Symbolism Within the Framework of Formalism
    . Formalistic criticism employing the theoretical principles of looking at the tools and objects of the literary text itself help to indicate key meaning in Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery”. By looking within the story as context, with particular emphasis on the structures of irony and symbolism, the critic is able to ascertain the nature of the true story is its discussion of purposeless violence cloaked by tradition and supported by superstition....
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  • New Criticism
    impoverish theory by making irony or paradox a unique principle of structure, and he points out with sharp effect that the balancing and reconciliation of opposites that Brooks held to be the sole differentia of "poetic" language was in fact the characteristic of all connected discourse. By Brooks's own...
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  • Mutilating Self Into Spirit: Sylvia Plath's Poems.
    of revenge on the male Ego. * “Irony as a principle of Structure” an Essay by Brooks. Cleanth Brooks article makes a lot of claims about the importance of metaphors and irony in literature. He has highlighted the use and importance of irony in a very impressive and literary way. His article...
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  • Historical Criticism
    confidence in intuition than in “consequitive” reasoning. TOTAL WORDS: 500 Part B: Quote 1 In his essay entitled, “Irony as a Principle of Structure” author Cleanth Brooks utilizes several of the elements found in formal criticism to decipher a number of poetic interpretations. Among such...
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  • The Waste Land: an Overview
    four hundred and odd lines to achieve the same end. In 1939 Cleanth Brooks put forward his subtle theory of the all-permeating irony in The Waste Land in Modern Poetry and the Tradition. After making an elaborate analysis of the major symbols, images and references in the five movements of The...
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  • Abstract the Lottery by Shirley Jackson
    in constructing the story’s theme. Her linguistic techniques include: the use of the article “the,” the lack of adverbs and adjectives in the syntactic structures and the use of words with ambiguous semantic descriptions. Shirley Jackson is a contemporary American writer who has drawn little...
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  • Year of Wonders - Page 253 Deliverance
    murdered by Aphra. • The tone of this chapter is elegiac as Anna laments the poignant irony of Elinor’s death. • The voice of Brook’s narrator in this case, an independant and intelligent observer of events, changes as the tone becomes increasingly confident and aware. • The great burning had...
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  • Because I Could Not Stop for Death by Emily Dickens
    . Keats : Letters (from English Critical Tradition-Macmillan) 5. T.S.Elliot : Metaphysical poets 6. I.A.Richards : Four kinds of Meaning 7. William Empson : The Seventh Type of Ambiguity 8. Northrop Frye : The Archetypes of Literature 9. L.Trilling : Sense of the Past 10. Brooks : Irony as a Principle of Structure 11. Allen Tate : Tension in Poetry...
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  • Deforestation
    build a healthy strong economy, rich with resources. Not only do forests help contribute to a healthy economy, forest also provide ecosystem services that help influence climate conditions and clean the air we breathe. According to, The Urban Tree Book by Arthur Plotnik, “forests are like a huge...
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  • Stylistics
    anger and say "a hundred times" - we use trite language hyperboles which, through long and repeated use, have lost their originality and remained signals of the speaker's roused emotions. H. may be the final effect of another SD - metaphor, simile, irony, as we have in the cases "The man was like the...
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  • A Clean, Well Loghted Place- Survival Through Irony
    "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" has with justice been considered an archetypal Hemingway story, morally and aesthetically central to the Hemingway canon. But its crystalline structure and sparse diction have led many critics to judge the story itself a simple one, either about nothingness, "a little...
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  • The Locker Room Talk Ethical Case
    ” situation are of a Deontological nature. The Deontological approach shows the rightness for the situation depends upon the rules and regulations of the accounting profession (Brooks, 2007, p. 332). The decision for Albert to “come clean” is good for all the members involved and society as a whole...
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  • Literature Review
    Point of view. * What is the dominant p.o.v in the novel? * Is the narrator a participant /witness in the story? * Does the story’s p.o.v create irony? * If the story has a 1st person narrator, how reliable is the narrator? Any consistencies in the presentation of the story...
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  • discourse
    greet you 2. felicity conditions 3. locution, illocution,perlocution conversation principles: 1. cooperation, four maxims of Grice 2. flouting of maxims 3. politeness, Robin Lakoff, G. Leech 4. irony of G Leech speech rules: 1. for the speaker 2. for the listener repressentatives...
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  • Managing People
    or the technology utilized. Writers like Henry Fayol and Lyndall Urwick, Frederick Taylor, James Mooney or Mary Follet were looking for a ‘one best way’ to organise and manage known as ‘structural universalism’ (Brooks, 2006). Most of the writers had their own set of principles such as the ones of...
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  • Chemistry
    , nevertheless, be insufficiently clean for atomic or molecular beam studies. REFRENCES 1. Hufner, Stefan. Photoelectron Spectroscopy: Principles and Applications. Springer 2003 2. Skoog. Principles of Instrumental Analysis. Brooks/Cole 3. Oxford Dictionary of Chemistry, 6th ed.. Oxford...
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  • Stylistic Analysis
    readers by its good, clean English. References: Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, Fundamental of Good Writing (Dobson, 1952) Alan Warner, A Shout Guide to English Style (London, Oxford University Press, 1961) 黄晓莹 02级2班...
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  • Two Kinds
    9. Style, Tone, and Language Style and Tone The Uses of Language Formal and Informal Diction Imagery Figures of Speech A Final Note Checklist: Writing about Style, Tone, and Language James Joyce, Araby *Andrea Barrett, The Littoral Zone Ernest Hemingway, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place...
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  • Software Engineering
    incompatible designs, held together by the wrong kind of screws. As Brooks states: Conceptual integrity is the most important consideration in system design. Stroustrup also notes: Having a clean internal structure is essential to constructing a system that is understandable, can be...
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  • Deviation in Bronzeville: Gwendolyn Brooks
    .” Moreover, Brooks has entitled the poem “kitchenette building.” Kitchenettes are mini-kitchens or small enclosed areas for cooking. Buildings are structures with walls and roofs where work is done. The context clues gathered from “kitchen” and “building” leaves no room for any other associations, except...
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