• Knowing and Knowledge
    ramifications influencing his or her practice and patient care. The nurse must first recognize that something is wrong, and then have the courage to meet the challenge to attempt to change the status quo (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). Hegemony is the ability of a certain group or dominant class to...
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  • None
    Styles of Knowing and Practice Paradigm Every discipline requires a knowledge base to identify a sense of purpose thereby establishing a unique discipline (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). The Knowledge should be challengeable, structured and applied (Carper, 1978). Nursing is not an exception. The...
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  • Patterns of Knowing
    , skill and intuition. Also, there is personal knowing and this represents knowledge that focuses on self-consciousness, personal awareness and empathy. Chinn & Kramer (2008) mention an additional pattern of knowing labelled emancipatory knowing The fundamental reason for developing knowledge in...
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  • Aha! That's Empirical Knowledge
    guide our practice as stated in Chinn & Kramer (2008) but it was not until after reading the chapter on ethical knowledge and reflecting back on a day at work, that almost caused me moral distress, that I was able to understand the chapter and my “aha” moment much clearer. In this paper, I will...
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  • Roles and Ways of Knowing
    be verified (Chinn & Kramer, 2008). Empirical knowing is displayed when a nurse uses accepted clinical practices to take care of a patient and the AG ACNP takes this same knowing to bassist in diagnosing a patient using evidence based practice research. The second type is ethical knowing, and it...
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  • Florence Nightingale
    is the central concept of nursing with focus on warmth, odors, noise, and light (Chinn, Kramer, & Chinn, 2008).  Theory’s Historical background: In 1854 (Ellis, 2010), Florence went to serve in the Crimean War where she discovered the poor conditions of the hospital and that more soldiers...
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  • Mental Health Nursing
    verifiable, factual description, and explanation that EBP guidelines are based (Chinn & Kramer, 2004). As I struggle with outdated EBP guidelines is psychiatry, a new and exciting development has emerged which is challenging the future of mental health care. I am utilizing genetic testing for treatment...
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  • Theory of Nightingale
    well-established criteria come from Chinn and Kramer (1998). These include clarity, simplicity, generality, empirical precision, and derivable consequences. Clarity – To be useful, a theory must be clearly understood. Each concept in a theory must be given a theoretical definition that precisely...
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  • Carper's Pattern of Knowing
    need for nursing to expand empirical knowledge as it has not achieved what Kuhn calls a scientific paradigm.4,11 Chinn & Kramer suggest that many nursing theories reflect an "ideal" of scientific inquiry but when nursing is judged against these ideals it is proved inadequate.9 This is partially...
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  • Roles and Ways of Knowing for Advanced Practicing Nurses
    role. Ways of Knowing The four major elements in nursing’s patterns of knowing are empirics, aesthetics, ethics and experiential. Empirical knowing is the science of knowing (Chinn & Kramer, 2011, p. 11). It uses evidence-based practices to shape the current way nurses provide care to patients...
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  • Myra Levine Theory Critique
    Chinn and Kramer Model for critique, this paper will describe the theory reviewing purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, assumptions, and rationale for selection. Then, the theory will be critically examined for clarity, simplicity, generalizability, accessibility, and importance...
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  • Empirics
    washing policies. (Carol Benton, 2007) Empiric Knowledge is based on the theory that includes sensory perception, belief, faith, tradition and experience. (Peggy L. Chinn, Maeona K. Kramer, 2011) “Socialization into a discipline is guided by theories use of language, identification of concepts...
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  • lonelyness
    describing a phenomenon or class of phenomena (Kim) building blocks of theory (Hardy) complex mental formulation of experience (Chinn & Kramer) Avant & Walker created a strategy to examine the attributes or characteristics of a concept. The purpose of concept analysis is to distinguish between...
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  • Theoritical Framework vs Conceptual Framework
    formulating the theoretical framework, the researcher has to develop the conceptual framework of the study. A concept is an image or symbolic representation of an abstract idea. Chinn and Kramer (1999) define a concept as a “complex mental formulation of experience”. While the theoretical framework is...
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  • Carper's Four Ways of Knowing and Scholarliness in Nursing
    aesthetic knowing are used as pathways leading to knowledge. Carper’s fundamental component of a personal knowledge in nursing is a continuous process of knowing one’s self. According to Chinn and Kramer (1999), “One can truly know another person through knowing the self.” Through the nurse...
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  • Kolcaba's Comfort theory : Analysis and evaluation
    , 2006d; Chinn & Kramer, 2008; Fawcett, 2005). They specify such factors as the age group of the patient, and most important the action of the nurse (Alligood, 2006c). Given this information, the comfort theory can be referred to as a middle range theory. I believe that the theory of comfort is at the...
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  • Importance of Teams Paper
    . They anticipate the needs of other team members and step in to help one another when needed” (Chinn, 2013). Problem solving begins with the process of finding the problem. This is the most challenging stage because things are frequently not what they seem. “Committees and task forces are...
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  • Jean Watson
    based on the role of care and the influence of caring on healing. Caring is a moral ideal of nursing that involves mind, body, and soul engagement with another, which can be expressed through nursing interventions (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). Many nurses have adopted Jean Watson’s Caring Theory in their own...
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  • Palliative Care Antecedents
    Antecedents are “experiences you identify to be coming from other concepts” (Chinn & Kramer, 2008). They are events that lead to or cause an event to take place. In the case of Palliative care, long term illness or an incurable illness must be present. These would be the antecedents because they...
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  • Local Literature Alumni Tracking Systam
    concept is an image or symbolic representation of an abstract idea. Chinn and Kramer (1999) define a concept as a “complex mental formulation of experience”. Concepts are the major components of theory and convey the abstract ideas within a theory” (p. 252). Already, the reader has been introduced...
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