• Knowing and Knowledge
    The nurse must first recognize that something is wrong, and then have the courage to meet the challenge to attempt to change the status quo (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). Hegemony is the ability of a certain group or dominant class to influence or control another population or group and influence them...
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  • Patterns of Knowing
    and intuition. Also, there is personal knowing and this represents knowledge that focuses on self-consciousness, personal awareness and empathy. Chinn & Kramer (2008) mention an additional pattern of knowing labelled emancipatory knowing The fundamental reason for developing knowledge in nursing is for...
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  • None
    Knowing and Practice Paradigm Every discipline requires a knowledge base to identify a sense of purpose thereby establishing a unique discipline (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). The Knowledge should be challengeable, structured and applied (Carper, 1978). Nursing is not an exception. The following discussion...
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  • Aha! That's Empirical Knowledge
    concept developed by Dolores Krieger, RN. Clearly, nursing is a profession that requires ethical knowledge to guide our practice as stated in Chinn & Kramer (2008) but it was not until after reading the chapter on ethical knowledge and reflecting back on a day at work, that almost caused me moral...
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  • Florence Nightingale
    2006).   Florence Nightingale believed that the environment is the central concept of nursing with focus on warmth, odors, noise, and light (Chinn, Kramer, & Chinn, 2008).  Theory’s Historical background: In 1854 (Ellis, 2010), Florence went to serve in the Crimean War where she discovered the poor...
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  • Roles and Ways of Knowing
    Carper in 1978. They are empirical, ethical, esthetic, and personal. Empirical knowing is based on factual knowledge that is able to be verified (Chinn & Kramer, 2008). Empirical knowing is displayed when a nurse uses accepted clinical practices to take care of a patient and the AG ACNP takes this same...
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  • Theory of Nightingale
    must be made. There have been some guidelines created to help guide the analysis of nursing theory. Some well-established criteria come from Chinn and Kramer (1998). These include clarity, simplicity, generality, empirical precision, and derivable consequences. Clarity – To be useful, a theory must...
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  • Mental Health Nursing
    patient. Empirical knowledge is also important since it is the verifiable, factual description, and explanation that EBP guidelines are based (Chinn & Kramer, 2004). As I struggle with outdated EBP guidelines is psychiatry, a new and exciting development has emerged which is challenging the future of...
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  • Carper's Pattern of Knowing
    mentions, there is a critical need for nursing to expand empirical knowledge as it has not achieved what Kuhn calls a scientific paradigm.4,11 Chinn & Kramer suggest that many nursing theories reflect an "ideal" of scientific inquiry but when nursing is judged against these ideals it is proved inadequate...
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  • Roles and Ways of Knowing for Advanced Practicing Nurses
    major elements in nursing’s patterns of knowing are empirics, aesthetics, ethics and experiential. Empirical knowing is the science of knowing (Chinn & Kramer, 2011, p. 11). It uses evidence-based practices to shape the current way nurses provide care to patients. PMHNPs decision to use long acting...
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  • Empirics
    Benton, 2007) Empiric Knowledge is based on the theory that includes sensory perception, belief, faith, tradition and experience. (Peggy L. Chinn, Maeona K. Kramer, 2011) “Socialization into a discipline is guided by theories use of language, identification of concepts, definition of relationships, structured...
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  • Myra Levine Theory Critique
    Saleeby Theory Critique of Levine’s Conservation Model Introduction Myra Levine proposed a grand theory of energy conservation. Using the Chinn and Kramer Model for critique, this paper will describe the theory reviewing purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, assumptions, and rationale...
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  • Jean Watson
    Caring is a moral ideal of nursing that involves mind, body, and soul engagement with another, which can be expressed through nursing interventions (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). Many nurses have adopted Jean Watson’s Caring Theory in their own practice. Nursing has a commitment to protect, enhance, and preserve...
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  • Theoritical Framework vs Conceptual Framework
    framework, the researcher has to develop the conceptual framework of the study. A concept is an image or symbolic representation of an abstract idea. Chinn and Kramer (1999) define a concept as a “complex mental formulation of experience”. While the theoretical framework is the theory on which the study is based...
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  • lonelyness
    symbolic statement describing a phenomenon or class of phenomena (Kim) building blocks of theory (Hardy) complex mental formulation of experience (Chinn & Kramer) Avant & Walker created a strategy to examine the attributes or characteristics of a concept. The purpose of concept analysis is to distinguish...
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  • Aromatherapy and Watson
    energy field. For better understanding of Martha Rogers work and how it impacts aromatherapy, it is exciting to look at the work of Peggy Chinn and Maeona Kramer. The two authors offers information of how we know. These are emancipatory, ethical, personal, aesthetic and emperic knowing. The first...
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  • Carper's Four Ways of Knowing and Scholarliness in Nursing
    to knowledge. Carper’s fundamental component of a personal knowledge in nursing is a continuous process of knowing one’s self. According to Chinn and Kramer (1999), “One can truly know another person through knowing the self.” Through the nurse-patient relationship, as nurses, we give all that we...
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  • Importance of Teams Paper
    tasks are completed according to the treatment plan. They anticipate the needs of other team members and step in to help one another when needed” (Chinn, 2013). Problem solving begins with the process of finding the problem. This is the most challenging stage because things are frequently not what...
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  • Kolcaba's Comfort theory : Analysis and evaluation
    The middle range theory has more specific focus and is more concrete than nursing theory in its level of abstraction (Alligood, 2006b, 2006d; Chinn & Kramer, 2008; Fawcett, 2005). They specify such factors as the age group of the patient, and most important the action of the nurse (Alligood, 2006c)...
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  • Palliative Care Antecedents
    Antecedents are “experiences you identify to be coming from other concepts” (Chinn & Kramer, 2008). They are events that lead to or cause an event to take place. In the case of Palliative care, long term illness or an incurable illness must be present. These would be the antecedents because they result...
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