Chinn Kramer Essays and Term Papers

  • Knowing and Knowledge

    The nurse must first recognize that something is wrong, and then have the courage to meet the challenge to attempt to change the status quo (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). Hegemony is the ability of a certain group or dominant class to influence or control another population or group and influence them...

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  • Patterns of Knowing

    and intuition. Also, there is personal knowing and this represents knowledge that focuses on self-consciousness, personal awareness and empathy. Chinn & Kramer (2008) mention an additional pattern of knowing labelled emancipatory knowing The fundamental reason for developing knowledge in nursing is for...

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  • None

    Knowing and Practice Paradigm Every discipline requires a knowledge base to identify a sense of purpose thereby establishing a unique discipline (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). The Knowledge should be challengeable, structured and applied (Carper, 1978). Nursing is not an exception. The following discussion...

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  • Aha! That's Empirical Knowledge

    concept developed by Dolores Krieger, RN. Clearly, nursing is a profession that requires ethical knowledge to guide our practice as stated in Chinn & Kramer (2008) but it was not until after reading the chapter on ethical knowledge and reflecting back on a day at work, that almost caused me moral...

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  • Florence Nightingale

    2006).   Florence Nightingale believed that the environment is the central concept of nursing with focus on warmth, odors, noise, and light (Chinn, Kramer, & Chinn, 2008).  Theory’s Historical background: In 1854 (Ellis, 2010), Florence went to serve in the Crimean War where she discovered the poor...

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  • Roles and Ways of Knowing

    Carper in 1978. They are empirical, ethical, esthetic, and personal. Empirical knowing is based on factual knowledge that is able to be verified (Chinn & Kramer, 2008). Empirical knowing is displayed when a nurse uses accepted clinical practices to take care of a patient and the AG ACNP takes this same...

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  • Theory of Nightingale

    must be made. There have been some guidelines created to help guide the analysis of nursing theory. Some well-established criteria come from Chinn and Kramer (1998). These include clarity, simplicity, generality, empirical precision, and derivable consequences. Clarity – To be useful, a theory must...

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  • Mental Health Nursing

    patient. Empirical knowledge is also important since it is the verifiable, factual description, and explanation that EBP guidelines are based (Chinn & Kramer, 2004). As I struggle with outdated EBP guidelines is psychiatry, a new and exciting development has emerged which is challenging the future of...

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  • Carper's Pattern of Knowing

    mentions, there is a critical need for nursing to expand empirical knowledge as it has not achieved what Kuhn calls a scientific paradigm.4,11 Chinn & Kramer suggest that many nursing theories reflect an "ideal" of scientific inquiry but when nursing is judged against these ideals it is proved inadequate...

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  • Nursing Philosophy, Model and Theory Discussion

    guide the practice of nursing. They reminded us that theory is the goal of scientific work and is essential to the development of any profession”(Chinn & Kramer, 1999). Nursing theory within nursing practice simplified; is the basis of understanding what exactly it is that a nurse does. When looking...

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  • Roles and Ways of Knowing for Advanced Practicing Nurses

    major elements in nursing’s patterns of knowing are empirics, aesthetics, ethics and experiential. Empirical knowing is the science of knowing (Chinn & Kramer, 2011, p. 11). It uses evidence-based practices to shape the current way nurses provide care to patients. PMHNPs decision to use long acting...

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  • Empirics

    Benton, 2007) Empiric Knowledge is based on the theory that includes sensory perception, belief, faith, tradition and experience. (Peggy L. Chinn, Maeona K. Kramer, 2011) “Socialization into a discipline is guided by theories use of language, identification of concepts, definition of relationships, structured...

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  • Myra Levine Theory Critique

    Saleeby Theory Critique of Levine’s Conservation Model Introduction Myra Levine proposed a grand theory of energy conservation. Using the Chinn and Kramer Model for critique, this paper will describe the theory reviewing purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, assumptions, and rationale...

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  • concept analysis

    pain and distillation of its attributes will enhance understanding and result in an operational de®nition that can be assessed empirically (Chinn & Kramer 1995, Walker & Avant 1995). The purpose of this paper is to engage in this cognitive exercise of critical thinking to examine the concept of...

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  • Jean Watson

    Caring is a moral ideal of nursing that involves mind, body, and soul engagement with another, which can be expressed through nursing interventions (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). Many nurses have adopted Jean Watson’s Caring Theory in their own practice. Nursing has a commitment to protect, enhance, and preserve...

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  • lonelyness

    symbolic statement describing a phenomenon or class of phenomena (Kim) building blocks of theory (Hardy) complex mental formulation of experience (Chinn & Kramer) Avant & Walker created a strategy to examine the attributes or characteristics of a concept. The purpose of concept analysis is to distinguish...

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  • Theoritical Framework vs Conceptual Framework

    framework, the researcher has to develop the conceptual framework of the study. A concept is an image or symbolic representation of an abstract idea. Chinn and Kramer (1999) define a concept as a “complex mental formulation of experience”. While the theoretical framework is the theory on which the study is based...

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  • Aromatherapy and Watson

    energy field. For better understanding of Martha Rogers work and how it impacts aromatherapy, it is exciting to look at the work of Peggy Chinn and Maeona Kramer. The two authors offers information of how we know. These are emancipatory, ethical, personal, aesthetic and emperic knowing. The first...

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  • Kolcaba's Comfort theory : Analysis and evaluation

    The middle range theory has more specific focus and is more concrete than nursing theory in its level of abstraction (Alligood, 2006b, 2006d; Chinn & Kramer, 2008; Fawcett, 2005). They specify such factors as the age group of the patient, and most important the action of the nurse (Alligood, 2006c)...

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  • Carper's Four Ways of Knowing and Scholarliness in Nursing

    to knowledge. Carper’s fundamental component of a personal knowledge in nursing is a continuous process of knowing one’s self. According to Chinn and Kramer (1999), “One can truly know another person through knowing the self.” Through the nurse-patient relationship, as nurses, we give all that we...

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