• Liberal Education
    whose existence is never questioned by anybody. Typical examples are Socrates, Julius Caesar, Alexander the Great, and Abraham Lincoln. This essay will limit its attention to Socrates. Of the four, he is the one whose existence is most easily questioned. So far as I am aware, he is the only one who nonexistence...
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  • Black Hole
    with a synthesized voice. In all, he is a remarkable man — a scientist to be honoured and respected. But that doesn’t mean he is right when he talks about God.  The grand design  In September 2010, Hawking and co-author Leonard Mlodinow published a book called The Grand Design. Although sub-titled New...
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  • God cannot be proved
    worship and revere seems to be inherent in man. We have always been spiritual beings, praising the gods and fearing the demons. We have always held deep beliefs regarding the afterlife and our nature. For centuries, the idea of a God has been a part of mankind’s history. Its human nature to attempt to intellectually...
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  • What Is Scepticism? How Is Methodological Scepticism Different
    The philosophical term Scepticism can simplistically be described as the challenging of established knowledge, principles, assumptions and beliefs in philosophy, science and theology (Kisner, 2005) Scepticism is based on the fact that with enough skill, any argument can sound convincing However, like most...
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  • Critical Thinking
    Assertions 41 Conditional Statements 41 Illustrations 43 Explanations 43 CHAPTER 3 Basic Logical Concepts 53 Deduction and Induction 53 How Can We Tell Whether an Argument Is Deductive or Inductive? 56 The Indicator Word Test 57 The Strict Necessity Test 58 The Common Pattern Test 58 The Principle...
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  • ENGLIGHTENMENT
    foundation. The famous method of doubt Descartes employs for this purpose exemplifies (in part through exaggerating) an attitude characteristic of the Enlightenment. According to Descartes, the investigator in foundational philosophical research ought to doubt all propositions that can be doubted. The investigator...
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  • philosophy
    of the mind or brain. Such problems can take on many different aspects, for instance: • Is the mind separate from the brain, or a by-product of it? • Is there such a thing as a permanent self or soul? • What is consciousness? • Is artificial intelligence possible? This module will look at these and...
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  • Wittgenstein
    outside the scope of the above should be sent to the Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose the same condition on any acquirer British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Data available Library...
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  • Examination of Russell's Essay vs Descartes's "First Mediation"
    inspection are “full of apparent contradictions”. Such contradictions are significantly apparent in the scientific field, where uncertainties and various possible scenarios (which differ from the stated hypothesis) may occur. Sensory perceptions play a large part in drawing hypothesis and reaching conclusions...
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  • Decision Making
    following describe you? False hopes: Hoping for something to happen over which we have no control over its outcome. For example, hoping your airplane lands safely while you are just a passenger and not the pilot of the plane. False hope and fear are two sides of the same coin. We can promise according...
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  • Succes
    HOW TO SUCCEED IN SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY A GUIDE FOR PARENTS AND STUDENTS By Michael Petty, PhD About the Author Dr. Michael Petty PhD is The Senior Scientist at www.NeuroLearnings.com He has a BA from Durham University, UK An MA from the University of Calgary and A PhD from the University...
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  • Walmart
    Wal-Mart is one of the great shining examples of what a market economy can achieve. If I were to give a tour of the United States to visitors from a socialist country, who are used to experiencing chronic shortages of almost everything, Wal-Mart would be one of the first places I would take them. It is...
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  • Descartes
    amazing clarity and persistence to clear himself of every false idea that he has acquired previous to this, and determine what he truly knows. To rid him of these rotten apples he has developed a method of doubt with a goal to construct a set of beliefs on foundations which are indubitable. On these foundations...
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  • Spinoza
    building blocks to their unique philosophies. The beauty of these two men’s philosophies is not only in their contrasts but in all the ideas the students can draw from their logically thinking strategies; ultimately creating an individual philosophy and bettering ones own life from it. They both use logic...
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  • Religion Persuasive Essay
    | Atheism VS. Religion | English 135 Advanced Composition | | Richard Laugel | 4/16/2012 | | Abstract A look at religion, its beliefs and fallacies that throughout history have continued to have negative effects on contemporary society. The usefulness of religion is in the past,...
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  • Faith & Reason. Their Roles in the Secular Life
    to lay claim to a system of beliefs. A third misconception is that faith is opposed to knowledge and knowledge to faith, because faith is holding to beliefs with little or no evidence in their support, or even in the face of evidence weighing strongly against those beliefs, whereas knowledge consists...
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  • Postmodernist Novel
    chracteristics of postmodernism, it is important to remember that postmodernists do not place their philosophy in a defined box or category. Their beliefs and practices are personal rather than being identifiable with a particular establishment or special interest group. The following principles appear...
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  • Doubt Is the Key to Knowledge
    Doubt is the key to knowledge” (Persian Proverb). To what extent is this true in two areas of knowledge? Albert Einstein once said “The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing Man since the beggining of time has searched for the truth because of them...
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  • School
    of Uruguay said to me. "Professor McDowell, why can't you refute Christianity?" "For a very simple reason," I answered. "I am not able to explain away an event in history--the resurrection of Jesus Christ." How can we explain the empty tomb? Can it possibly be accounted for by any natural cause? ...
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  • Postmodernism
    chosen to explore modernism, postmodernism, and faith. In this paper faith will generally refer to Christianity; however, it is hoped that the reader can make broader generalizations to the concept of faith. There maybe many worldviews that I have missed, but I believe that these three are the most prevalent...
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