• philosophy
    , destroyed and altered. Mind, however, can almost be defined as the opposite of this – in fact, one of the difficulties with Descartes’ definition is that mind seems to have almost no positive qualities. It is invisible, without dimensions, immaterial, unchanging, indivisible and without limit. In...
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  • Nothing
    or "make" them happy. I have a colleague who often tells people, "Look, allowing yourself to be dependent on another person is the worst possible thing you can do to yourself. You would be better off being dependent on heroin. As long as you have a supply of it, heroin will never let you down; if...
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  • Decision Making
    . Do not think about it: the decision-makers, who are waiting for something to turn up, might start with their shirt sleeves. You can either take action, or you can hang back and hope for a miracle. Miracles are great, but they are so unpredictable. Doing nothing about a problem on hand, will...
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  • Intro to Philosophy
    iii. What sorts of beliefs survive this form of doubt. III. Doubt I: Sense Doubt p. Descartes begins by noting that almost all his beliefs come from his senses, yet there are situations where his senses have deceived him q. This calls into question beliefs about things that are...
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  • Doubt Is the Key to Knowledge
    comes into play so the Caveman questions the way everyone else is thinking and starts to think about what happned and investigates What is the purpose of doubt? To find truth. There are many thoughts and beliefs but what is true? This is the purpose of doubt. The process begins by doubting...
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  • Educated Ignorants
    can be equally annoying. But you can deal with the ignorant person just like you would the rude person. That is, ignore them. In fact, ignoring the ignorant person is perhaps the best way to deal with them; they need the attention of others to make them feel good about what they think they know...
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  • Walmart
    Wal-Mart is one of the great shining examples of what a market economy can achieve. If I were to give a tour of the United States to visitors from a socialist country, who are used to experiencing chronic shortages of almost everything, Wal-Mart would be one of the first places I would take them...
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  • A Review of Rene Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy
    provide a certain foundation for our knowledge and understanding of the world. It can even be pushed so far as to be read as a challenge to our very notion of rationality. Skepticism cannot be lived, we as individuals cannot possibly doubt everything as this will lead to an infinite regress. We...
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  • materialism
    respect to finite and sublunary persons). Materialism entails the affirmation of at least four central theses: I. Everything that exists and has real causal efficacy an inductively discoverable nature can be located within space and time. Nature forms a causally closed system. II. All genuine...
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  • Phil 1000 Notes
    always be additional premises that require justification, we cannot be certain about our initial belief. The skeptic also argues that people cannot rely on their senses for knowledge. Each person perceives the world differently based on their personal condition. Applying this concept to the...
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  • Doubt, Dualism, and Decartes
    start our search of truth by treating anything that one can find any reason to doubt as if it were proven false; thus one must cast into doubt any preconceptions that we had as a result of any refuted ideas and discover truth with the only thing we are left with, our own mind. Ironically, Aristotle...
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  • chp 5 Dr.Beckers book
    investigation possible if the universe is not intelligible? Can the world be intelligible if it does not have an intelligent ground? Are there ethical limits to scientific research? Those signals also appear in life's "limit situations" such as: sickness, guilt, fear, anxiety, death, and the "ecstatic...
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  • Spinoza
    dialectic about the mind and body. Descartes is a substance duelist. He believes substance is divided into two things: mind substance and body substance. They are also independent entities in his eyes. In the second meditation he concludes that doubt is possible about the existence of the body but there...
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  • Skepticism & Contextualism in Epistemology
    with even a slightest amount of doubt would be set aside as if it were to be completely false, until he can find something that he can be certain of. He then says everything that he has – memories, limbs, body, shape, extension, movement are all-false, what remains is absolutely nothing so basically...
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  • Self Help
    of reality. Everyone except the true seeker can practice the false meditation. It is quite easy to do, and one does achieve the desired state of peace almost instantly. The reason for such rapid results, however, is that nothing new is required of you. You simply do in a more sophisticated way...
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  • Social Science
    it categorically cannot be false. For example, a person believes that a particular bridge is safe enough to support him, and attempts to cross it; unfortunately, the bridge collapses under his weight. It could be said that he believed that the bridge was safe, but that this belief was mistaken. It...
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  • The Gospel According to Spiritism
    of any particular belief. It is not the part of faith to seek these people out, but they who should go and seek faith, and if they search with sincerity they are bound to find. it. You can be sure that those who say: There is nothing I should like more than to believe, but I cannot," only say this...
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  • The Matrix
    the skeptical and moral problems raised by the film. They argue that the real worry facing folks trapped in the Matrix involves not deception or the possession of possibly false beliefs, but the limits on creativity imposed by the Matrix. Following Martin Heidegger in suggesting that our human nature...
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  • Critical Thinking
    , the reader didn’t know anything about Marta or her divorce, but the expressions “close to you” and “having problems in his or her love life” are so broad and elastic that almost anyone can think of at least one person (and on reflection, probably several) who fits these descriptions. Try-ons are subtle...
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  • Descartes: Starting with Doubt
    world can survive this extreme skeptical challenge, then it must be truly indubitable and therefore a perfectly certain foundation for knowledge. The First Meditation, then, is an extended exercise in learning to doubt everything that I believe, considered at three distinct levels: 1...
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