Since the discovering of X-ray, many areas have taken advance of this science. For example, medicine, airports security and also repairing some part of the airplanes. Medicine is the most beneficiated from X-ray with the development of various branches and different areas of studies. Many diagnostic depend or rely in this technology to prevent the spread of deadly diseases. On this research paper I will cover three different areas of X-ray used in medicine in the prevention and detection of diseases. DIAGNOSTIC MEDICAL SONOGRAPHY
Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Ultrasound) is a rapidly emerging, relatively new medical diagnostic technique. High frequency ultrasound waves are transmitted like sonar through the human body, and the reflections are converted into images that map out the body. The images are called sonograms. Ultrasound is used to image organs, muscles, masses, fluid accumulations and the unborn fetus. Unlike X-rays, diagnostic ultrasound used sound waves that do not involved X-ray photons. To date, no known biological hazardous effects, to the patient or sonographer, have been documented. Sonography can be used to examine many parts of the body, such as the abdomen, breasts, female reproductive system, prostate, heart and blood vessels and more. The diagnostic medical sonographer is a skilled person qualified by academic, laboratory, and clinical training to provide patient services. The sonographer serves as the eyes and ears of the physician, who will interpret the medical images produced through Sonography. You do not have to attend medical school to become a medical sonographer. Sonographers are not physicians, but are trained professionals in a specialized field of health care. Functioning of the machine. The machine used a small device called transducer. A small amount of an odorless gel is used to press the transducer against the skin and send the sound through the body. The transducer functions as a sending and receptor of...
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