U.S. Navy Action and Operational Reports from World War II, Pacific Theater Part 1. CINCPAC: Commander-in-Chief Pacific Area
UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS OF AMERICA
A Guide to the Microfilm Edition of
World War II Research Collections
U.S. Navy Action and Operational Reports from World War II
Pacific Theater Part 1. CINCPAC: Commander-in-Chief Pacific Area Command Project Editor Robert Ë. Lester Guide compiled by Blair D. Hydrick
A microfilm project of UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS OF AMERICA An Imprint of CIS 4520 East-West Highway • Bethesda, MD 20814-3389
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data U.S. Navy action and operational reports from World War II. Pacific Theater. (World War II research collections) Accompanied by printed reel guides compiled by Robert E. Lester. Includes indexes. Contents: pt. 1. CINCPAC (Commander-in-Chief Pacific Area Command) (16 reels) -- pt. 2. Third Fleet and Third Fleet Carrier Task Forces (16 reels) -- pt. 3. Fifth Fleet and Fifth Fleet Carrier Task Forces (12 reels). 1. United States-Navy-History-World War, 1939-1945Sources. 2. World War, 1939-1945-Naval operations, American-Sources. 3. World War, 1939-1945-CampaignsPacific Ocean-Sources. 4. United States-Navy-Fleet, 3rd-History-Sources. 5. United States-Navy-Fleet, 5th~History--Sources. I. Lester, Robert. [Microfilm] 90/7009 (E) 940.54'5973 90-956103 ISBN 1-55655-190-8 (microfilm : pt. 1) CIP
1990 by University Publications of America. All rights reserved. ISBN 1-55655-190-8.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction Scope and Content Note Source and Editorial Note Reel Index Reel! Reel 2 Reel 3 Reel 4 Reel 5 Reel6 Reel? ReelS Reel 9 Reel 10 Reel 11 Reel 12 Reel 13 Reel 14 Reel 15 Reel 16 Subject Index 1 3 7 10 11 16 17 19 21 22 25 26 28 34 35 37 43 v vii ix
Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz was commander-in-chief, Pacific Fleet (CINCPAC) from December 31, 1941 to December 1945. CINCPAC was charged with orders to "win the 85 million square miles of the Pacific back from the Japanese." In cooperation with General Douglas MacArthur, commander-in-chief, Southwest Pacific Area, a two-prong advance against the Japanese empire was initiated. One prong, from the south through New Guinea to the Philippines, was coordinated by General MacArthur and his Allied forces, which included the Seventh Fleet. The second prong, through the central Pacific, consisted of the forces of the Third and Fifth Fleets and their attendant task force groupings. At the core of this two-prong advance was the strategy of island hopping. This strategy consisted of leapfrog hops from one island to another by coordinated air, sea, and land attacks to cut off heavily defended Japanese bases, which could then be bombed into submission at will. To support this island-hopping strategy, the United States and the Allies assembled the most diverse and powerful armada in naval history in addition to overwhelming air forces. Of vital importance to the island-hopping strategy was the control of the air and sea. Carrier task force groupings provided abundant air power, both for offensive and defensive operations. Carrier-based planes were integral in turning the tide against the Japanese. Effective February 1, 1941, U.S. naval forces were organized into various mission groupings. Foremost of these groupings was that of the U.S. Fleet. The U.S. Fleet comprised the Atlantic Fleet, Pacific Fleet, and the Asiatic Fleet (reorganized in 1942). These designated fleet groupings were primarily administrative and task organizations. They normally operated under the instructions/orders of the Navy Department by way of a flag officer having the title of commander-in-chief, Pacific Fleet. These fleets were further subdivided into area or task commands and, in most cases, assigned a number designation. In March 1943, the commander-in-chief, U.S. Fleet instituted a standardized system of numbering the...