U.S. Navy vs. U.S. Coast Guard

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McLemore, Daniel McLemore 1

Professor Emily Arms

English 1

April 4, 2013

U.S. Navy vs. U.S. Coast Guard

When thinking of the United States of America in the terms of a super-power, one cannot help but to take note of the awesome power of America’s armed forces. The Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and the Coast Guard comprise the five branches of the U.S. Armed Forces. Each branch has its own responsibility and mission, and for the most part, each is quite distinguishable from the next, all except the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard. They share a common area of operation, identical uniforms and standard operating procedures. Although the USN and USCG have many obvious similarities, they differ in history, tradition, responsibility and mission. Our Coast Guard today falls under the Department of Homeland Security but the Coast Guard has changed departments several times in its history. The USCG was established in 1790 under the Department of the Treasury by Alexander Hamilton then, the Secretary of the Treasury, to enforce tariffs and maritime laws. Since its conception it has changed from Dept. of the Treasury to Dept. of Transportation in 1967 and finally in 2003 was moved to the Department of Homeland Security. The USCG is one of two seaborne branches of the U.S. military and the responsibility and mission of the Coast Guard has undergone many changes since it’s

McLemore 2

conception. As stated before, the USCG was established to enforce tariffs and maritime laws to seafarers. This duty has expanded to include search and rescue and drug interdiction. Furthermore, during wartime the USCG and under appointment of the Commander in Chief, operates under the Dept. of the Navy. Unlike the USCG, today’s Navy falls under its own department, the Department of the Navy and it also has undergone many changes in its history. The United States recognizes 13 October 1775 as the date of the Navy’s official...
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