U.S. History Midterm Practice Test

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1) Some big businessmen such as Andrew Carnegie vertically integrated their corporations by

a) eliminating middlemen to control every aspect of production b) buying out all competing firms to monopolize a single product c) inflating the price of their own stock
d) issuing uncompetitive rebates
e) paying workers less so that they earn extra money for themselves

2) Why was there a larger problem with the new immigrants than with the old immigrants (especially in the lower class)?

a) the old immigrants kept to themselves in “towns” that they created to imitate their old country b) the new immigrants went on strike very often
c) the new immigrants were much richer than the old, and competed with the upper-middle class d) the old immigrants were more efficient workers
e) the new immigrants were so numerous that they could easily break a strike by getting employed

3) What is the concept of deism?

a) there is a superhuman God and he is the supreme ruler
b) God is in the form of nature such as rocks and trees
c) the Earth was created by a superhuman, but there is no divine God today d) there simply is no such thing as a God
e) God rules through a select group of people

4) Why did Britain pass the Navigation Acts?

a) to tax American ships and control their paths
b) to steal money from places in West Africa at the expense of America c) to get a large share of the tobacco coming out of America d) to force the passengers of ships that they caught to become Protestant e) to challenge the French to see whose sister country exports the most goods

5) Who was Cotton Mather?

a) a witch in the Salem Witch Trials
b) a devout Puritan who had nothing to do with the Salem Witch Trials c) the man that laid the groundwork for the Salem Witch Trials d) the founder of Salem
e) The Puritan leader of Salem at the time of the Salem Witch Trials

6) In the early 1900s, what were the two main crops being farmed in America?

a) sugar and rum
b) cotton and grain
c) rice and tobacco
d) wheat and corn
e) indigo and roygbiv

7) Why did the Confederacy believe Great Britain would support them in the Civil War?

a) the British hated Abraham Lincoln
b) the majority of the Confederacy was made up of loyal Brits c) the Confederacy thought that Britain would admire the way they broke away from a corrupt leadership d) Jefferson Davis, the leader of the Confederacy, was a Brit e) the British relied on the cotton that came out of the Confederacy

8) What was NOT a policy that was advocated by the 1860 Republican Party?

a) free homesteads
b) a protective tariff
c) non-extension of slavery
d) the right to vote for freed slaves
e) internal improvements

9) What was the cause of the Depression of the 1890’s and who bailed out the nation to end it?

a) bimetallism; JP Morgan
b) overspeculation; JP Morgan
c) rise in stock prices; John D. Rockefeller
d) overspeculation; John D. Rockefeller
e) rise in stock prices; JP Morgan

10) On a scale from one to “really harsh,” how harsh was Puritanism?

a) one
b) not really harsh
c) somewhat harsh
d) harsh
e) really harsh

11) What was the Trent Affair based upon?

a) a British ship fired missiles at a Union cruise ship and killed many innocent civilians b) a Union ship stopped a British ship and took two Confederate passengers c) the strongest Union warship (the Trent) was destroyed by a British submarine d) British pirates raided multiple plantations along the coastline of South Carolina e) A Union ship stole cargo from a docked British ship in a British port

12) The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 led to what?

a) the sinking of the Lusitania
b) “Bleeding Kansas”
c) the end of popular sovereignty
d) the creation of a separate document called the Missouri Compromise e) the Compromise of 1856

13) What did...
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