U.S Foreign Aid to Africa
Some people speak against U.S foreign aid being sent to Africa for humanitarian reasons. Others speak out in favor of such actions. All of us have seen the news tickers with vital headlines about “people being devastated by droughts in Zimbabwe and unhygienic water in Sudan”, but what is their government doing about it. Personally, I’ve asked myself several founded inquiries about where is this foreign aid going to and what are some of the achievements being made. I’ve acquired over time well-built knowledge in relation to the United Nations and the work they perform globally to promote stability and development. I will be bringing in several valid arguments to get to the bottom of this controversial subject of U.S foreign aid in Africa. Including but not limited to, the history of U.S Foreign aid in Africa, violence in Africa, corrupted governments and the future commitment of U.S Foreign Aid to Africa. Foreign aid is described as a voluntary transfer of resources from one country to another, given at least partly with the objective of benefiting the recipient country. This also includes humanitarian assistance and altruism. “In total dollars the United States gives a large amount of foreign aid, as a percentage of U.S. gross domestic product U.S. foreign aid appears stingy compared with aid given by other industrialized nations.” (FAD, Par 10) Understanding foreign aid is decisive, because for 40 years, U.S. foreign aid has been judged by its intentions, not its results. Foreign aid programs have been perpetuated and expanded not because they have succeeded, but because giving foreign aid still seems like a fine idea. In September 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed into law the Foreign Assistance Act, which established the U.S. Agency for International Development and set the framework for American foreign aid globally. Since its creation, the foundation of America’s foreign assistance has articulated 140 goals and 400 specific directives based on its precepts, but no clear or coordinated methods for their implementation. But foreign aid has hardly ever done anything that countries could not have done for themselves. In fact, it has often encouraged the recipient governments' worst tendencies, helping to underwrite programs and policies that have starved thousands of people and derailed struggling economies. You might remember these countries: Algeria, Burundi, Congo (Kinshasa), Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda ,Zambia and Zimbabwe. All of these countries have something in common. They all receive foreign aid from NGO’s, and the U.S Government. Nairobi, Kenya, the largest slum in Africa. There is a suburb in Nairobi called Kiberia. Kiberia is home to more than one million people, who eke out a living in an area of about one square mile-roughly 75% the size of New York's Central Park. It is a sea of aluminum and cardboard shacks that forgotten families call home. What is incredibly disappointing is the fact that just a few yards from Kibera stands the headquarters of the United Nations' agency for human settlements, which with an annual budget of millions of dollars, is mandated to "promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all." Kibera festers in Kenya, a country that has one of the highest ratios of development workers per capita. It is estimated the United States provided Kenya with 701.642 million dollars during the fiscal year 2009. There were 5 areas, in which the United States provided foreign aid to Kenya. They were Peace and Security, Governing justly and democratically, investing in people (health, education, social and economic services and protection for vulnerable populations), Economic growth and Humanitarian assistance.
To highlight, Peace and security in Kenya and Africa must be first studied and...
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