Able to weather a variety of political leaders, economic events, and historical eras, the U.S. embargo of Cuba is the longest and harshest embargo by one state against another in modern history. Following Castro’s overthrow of the Batista government in 1959 and threats to incite revolutions elsewhere in Latin America, the Unites State cancelled its trade agreement to buy Cuban sugar. Then, following a series of increasing hostile events, the United States severed diplomatic relations and initiated a full trade embargo in 1962. Trade between the United States and Cuba stopped. Spurred by the collapse of communism more than thirty years later, Congress passed the Cuban Democracy Act in 1992 and the Helms-Burton Act in 1996, both of which tightened the noose for firms that attempted to do business with a Castro government. It was not until 2000 that Congress passed an act which allowed for limited exports of U.S agricultural, food and medical products; Cuba quickly became the twenty-first largest agricultural market for U.S. exports. Over time, sympathy for the U.S. role in Cuba has dwindled. Although many countries had initially supported the embargo, by 2001 some 150 nations had normal trade relations with Cuba. Further, the U.S. public has become increasingly divided on the usefulness of the embargo. While many people feel that repealing the embargo would help many U.S. industries and firms, others maintain that Cuban market opportunities are extremely limited. Others feel that the Cuban embargo is an unfortunate cold war relic and questions the politics of U.S. policy. Recent events have seen U.S rescinding earlier restrictions and opening up lines for improved communications.
1. Should the United States seek to tighten its economic grip on Cuba? If so, why?
With only 90 miles separating the United States of America and Cuba they are effectively influencing each other regardless of any political disputes the two countries may have. With its proximity it is only natural that they have traded goods with each other before the embargo the United States was the chief trading partner of Cuba particularly with the state of Florida where they have a sturdy trading relationship. 85% of Cuban exports were being shipped to the United States where as almost 40% of the cargos were channeled in Miami states customs. But because of the political strife that the two countries have with one another the relationship of the United States and Cuba became unstable especially with regards to their government its reforms and its trades.
In the year 1959 the United States’ department of state has enacted an embargo that considerably restricted trade between the two countries because the Cuban government infringed upon important free rights, controlled their rivals in politics and have had no regard whatsoever to the human rights of its citizen. Subsequently the next year the United States shut down the diplomatic relationship of the two countries.
The policies of the United States with concerns to Cuba are more absorbed in the enhancement of democracy and economic reforms that will lead to the expansion and appreciation of the human rights for the Cuban government. Even if Cuba is subjected to the United States trade sanctions, Cuba is nevertheless viewed as the 2nd food supplier of the United States. The United States even now want to uphold the orderly, legal and safe migration of people from Cuba by implementing the 1994-95 U.S.-Cuba Migration Accords. The government of the United States has been vigilantly taken ways to connect with the Cuban citizens to gain their support to determine Cuba’s future government with their free will. The United States need not have to have a severe economic restriction for the Cuban government as it is hurting the United States economy more that it is achieving its intended goal to change...