Article 1: Congress
Section 1: All legislative powers vested in Congress.
Section 2: House of Representatives
2. Authorized to instigate impeachment proceedings against President. Section 3: Senate
2. U.S. Vice President is President of Senate and votes to break ties. 3. Sole power to adjudicate impeachment of President in hearing presided over by Chief Justice of Supreme Court. Section 4: Congressional elections
Section 5: Congressional checks on behavior of members
Section 6: Restrictions against self dealing by members of Congress Section 7: Revenue, Presidential veto and Congressional overrides 1. Revenue bills must originate in House.
2. Presidential veto power over Congress.
3. Override of Presidential veto requires 2/3 majority vote in both Houses. Section 8: Enumerated powers
1. Tax Power: "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises,to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States. 2. Commerce Clause: "The Congress shall have power to...regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes... 3. Necessary and Proper Clause: "The Congress shall have the power to..make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States... Section 9: Restrictions on legislative power
Section 10: Restrictions on state power
Article II: President of the United States
Section 1: Qualifications, election, compensation, oath
Section 2: Authority
1. Commander in chief of armed forces
2. Power to grant reprieves and pardons, except in case of impeachment. 3. Make treaties with 2/3 concurrence of Senate.
Section 3: Duties
1. State of Union address
2. "He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed..." 3. Recommends "necessary and expedient measures to Congress. Section 4: Grounds for impeachment.
Article III: Judicial power of the United States
Section 1: Vested in one Supreme Court and inferior courts established by Congress. Section 2: Extent of power (i.e., jurisdiction)
1. Extends to all cases arising under Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties. Section 3: Treason against United States
Article IV: Interstate relations, management of U.S. property Section 1: Full faith and credit given in each state to acts of other states. Section 2: Privileges and immunities, legal obligations
1. "The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." 2. A citizen cannot avoid justice or other legal obligations by fleeing to another state. Section 3: Property Clause: Congressional power to manage public property. 1. "The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States..." Article V: Amending the Constitution.
1. Proposing amendments
a. Congress with 2/3 majority vote in both houses
b. Two-thirds majority of state legislatures apply for Congress to call a constitutional convention for proposing amendments. 2. Ratifying amendments
a. Amendment becomes part of Constitution when ratified by 3/4 of state legislatures. Article VI: Supremacy Clause
1. "This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding." Article VII: Ratification of Constitution
Amendment I: Freedom of religion, speech, press, peaceful assembly, petition government (i.e., suggest...