(A Romantic Poet)
Introduction to S.T Coleridge
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, a leader of the British Romantic movement, a literary critic and a philosopher, was born on October 21, 1772 and died in 25 July 1834, in England. The youngest child in the family, Coleridge was a student at his father's school and an avid reader. Coleridge's father had always wanted his son to be a clergyman, so when Coleridge entered Jesus College, University of Cambridge in 1791, he focused on a future in the Church of England. Coleridge's views, however, began to change over the course of his first year at Cambridge. He became a supporter of William Frend, a Fellow at the college whose Unitarian beliefs made him a controversial figure. While at Cambridge, Coleridge also accumulated a large debt, which his brothers eventually had to pay off. Financial problems continued to plague him throughout his life, and he constantly depended on the support of others. Throughout his adult life Coleridge suffered from Crippling bouts of anxiety and depression, he was treated for his poor health with Laudanum which fostered long life opium. In 1795 Coleridge befriended William Wordsworth, who greatly influenced Coleridge's verse. Coleridge, whose early work was celebratory and conventional, began writing in a more natural style. His poetic fame rest entirely on ‘The Ancient Mariner’ , ‘Christabel’, ‘Kubla Khan’ and ‘Dejection Ode’ as well as his major prose work ‘Biographia Literaria’. His critical work especially on Shakespeare was highly influential. His literary career may be divided into four periods:
1- The first period lasts up to his meeting with Wordsworth in 1797. His powers are not fully matured and he has not yet found himself. It may be called the period of Experimental Poetry. The best works of this period are; * The Fall of Robespierre
* To a Friend
* Ode on the Departing Year
* France: an Ode
2- The second period opens with the summer...