Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL)
Proclamation No. 131 stress the need for a comprehensive, realistic and effective agrarian reform program, wherein the time the act was implemented was experiencing crisis. This act is implemented for the benefit of the welfare of the landless farmers and farmworkers for a more equitable distribution and ownership of land, with full consideration of the rights of the land owners. The aim of this act also includes the promotion of social justice among farmers/farmworkers and landowners and the innovation of the country’s farming techniques, which can help improve the production. The act also covers the education and orientation of the farmers on ways to further improve their harvests. The CARL also reiterates redevelopment of the Philippine agriculture to be the economic priority of the state.
The protection of labour is one of the primary reasons why this act was implemented. It guarantees the rights of the workers to self-organization, collective bargaining and negotiations and peaceful activities, including the right to strike in accordance with the law. It also promotes the principle of shared responsibility between the workers and the employers. With the help of this act the relation between the farmers/farmworkers and the employers shall strengthen and with that misunderstandings about the fruits of production shall lessen.
The following are the important features of the CARL:
Chapter II – Coverage
Even though chapter II only tackles about the act’s coverage I still consider it as an important feature of CARL. It is a chapter wherein you can understand the scope and limitations of the said act. It specifies the lands, priorities, exemptions, and exclusions that the act covers. It is also said in chapter II that a land owned must not exceed five (5) hectares. This chapter enumerates the limitations that this law has no jurisdiction on.
This chapter also states the possible lands...