Q's on Forests

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(Q.)
What is Devsari or Dand?
(1 Mark)
(Ans)  
Devsari or Dand was a small token fee paid by people of other villages bordering thevillages of Bastar. It was charged when someone from the other village wanted to have some forest products fromBastar. (Q.)How did the forest laws initiate the scope of employment? (1 Mark)

(Ans)  
Many communities left their traditional occupation and started trading of forest products or other economic activities. For example, the Mundurucu people in Brazil who started collecting latex from wild rubber trees became totally dependent on rubber trades in the later years. (Q.)

Who could hunt according to the new Forest Law?
(1 Mark)
(Ans)  

The customary practice of hunting was strictly prohibited by the Forest Law.Any offenders of this law were punished for poaching. However, British people themselves continued the hunting of big animals like tiger, lion etc.

(Q.)How did the Forest Act affect the common man's life in India? (1 Mark)
(Ans)  

The Forest Act in 1865 proved to be a hardship for common villagers inIndia. Cutting wood for their fuel requirement and grazing their cattles became illegal. They started stealing forest woods by giving bribes toforest guards. (Q.)What was the theory of scientific forestry?

(1 Mark)
(Ans)  
In the theory of scientific forestry, natural forests were cut down and the same areas were planted by same type of trees instraight rows in such a way that those trees would be ready to becut within a few years. This was called the plantation .In this system, it was possible to calculate how much of the plantation area was to be cut every year (Q.)

What were Brandis’ contributions in preserving Indian forest resources? (1 Mark)
(Ans)  
Dietrich Brandis, the First Inspector General of Forest Department, established the Indian Forest Service in 1864. He suggestedthat a proper system should be introducedto protect the forest. He helped in formulating the Indian Forest Act of 1865. (Q.)Who was Dietrich Brandis?

(1 Mark)
(Ans)  
Brandis was a German who gave advice to the British regarding thereckless cutting of trees by the local people and the traders. He feared that it would destroythe forest. Brandis was also madethe first Inspector General of Forests in India. (Q.)

What was the idea of plantation in colonial period?
(1 Mark)
(Ans)  

The Colonial Government took over the forests and gave away those to European planters at cheap rates. They had cut down the forest for land to start the plantation. This was another way for deforestation. Large areas of forests were cleared to make way for the plantation of tea, coffee and rubber to meet the growing demands of these commodities in European countries (Q.)Can you relate the progress of railways with the idea of deforestation in colonial period? Explain. (1 Mark)

(Ans)  

1) Railways were essential forcolonial trade and for the movement of imperial troops. As the railway tracks expanded, a larger number of trees were felled to meet up the growing demand of timber and fuel wood. 2) The government gave out contracts to individuals to supply the required quantity of timber. These contractors started random cutting of trees and this led to immediate disappearance of forests around the railway tracks. (Q.)What is meant by the term deforestation?

(1 Mark)
(Ans)  
Cutting down of trees in huge numberof forest area to fulfill the demand of developing civilizations is known as deforestation. In other words, cutting and destroying of forest resourcesis deforestation. During the period of colonialism,deforestation took a systematic approachfor the purpose ofindustrial development. (Q.) Mention the changes seen in the features of forest resources during industrialisation. (1 Mark)

(Ans)  
The period of industrialisation, i.e., the years from 1700 to 1995, witnessed a drastic reduction in the earlier huge diversity of forest resources all over the world. Around 13.9 sq.km of forest lands, i.e. 9.3%...
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