K to 12 Curriculum

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Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue
Pasig City
January 2012
K to 12 Curriculum Guide
MUSIC and ART
( Grade 7 to Grade 10)

K TO 12 MUSIC AND ART
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

The Music and Art curricula focus on the learner as both the recipient and instructor of the knowledge, skills, and values necessary for artistic expression and cultural literacy. The design of the curricula is student-centered, based on spiral progression of processes, concepts and skills and grounded in performance-based learning. Thus, the learner is empowered, through active involvement and participation, to effectively correlate music and art to the development of his/her own cultural identity and the expansion of his/her vision of the world.

As Music and Art are performance-based disciplines, effective learning occurs through active experience, participation, and performance, creative expression, aesthetic valuation, critical response, and interpretation. The skills that are developed include reading/analyzing, listening/observing, performing, (singing, using musical instruments, movement, acting, and playing, using different art materials, techniques and processes, responding, composing, and creating. (See Figure 1 and Figure 2).

The philosophical foundations upon which standards and competencies are based include: A Process of Education by Jerome Bruner, Performance-Based Learning by Cleve Miller, Aesthetic Education by Bennett Reimer, Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner, A Structure for Music Education by Ronald Thomas, Gongs and Bamboo by Jose Maceda, Compendium on the Humanities: Musical Arts produced by the National Research Council of the Philippines, Cultural Dictionary for Filipinos by Thelma Kintanar and Associates, Creative and Mental Growth by Viktor Lowenfeld and W. Lambert Brittain, Discipline-Based Art Education by Elliot Eisner, Encyclopedia of Philippine Arts and Tuklas Sining, both produced by the Cultural Center of the Philippines.

K TO 12 MUSIC AND ART
PHILOSOPHY AND RATIONALE FOR MUSIC EDUCATION
Music is both an aural and a temporal art. All its elements, when interwoven in the highest artistic order, are likened into a “tapestry moving in time”. The global weavings of this “tapestry” in historical and cultural contexts are diverse—having spurred a continued metamorphosis to include a full range of purposes, functions, and identities, from the utilitarian to aesthetic. However, the basic nature of music does not change. In his book A Structure for Music Education, Ronald Thomas articulates that the nature of music is expressive, ongoing, and creative. Through a language and medium of its own, music conveys ideas and feelings in a way that addresses the human spirit, and has great value in its communicative process. Music, being responsive in interpreting contemporary times, is a continuing art. Aaron Copland describes this characteristic as a “continuous state of becoming.” Like the other arts, music is a creative avenue for man’s individual quest for self- expression and fulfillment. On these basic characteristics are founded the rationale of music study. A keen sensitivity to environmental and musical sounds needs to be developed. The student must learn to “hear”, “speak”, and “think” in the medium of music. Simultaneously, growth and development in the skills that enable the application of the learner’s knowledge should be encouraged, through active involvement in the various musical processes. Drawing from the development of music pedagogy through the years, the K-10 Music Curriculum embodies the best practices advocated by the SPIRAL, MULTI-CULTURAL, and INTEGRATIVE approaches in music education, as well as current philosophical thought about contemporary general education. We envision that Music in the K-10 Program will effectively nurture and refine the learner’s artistic expression and cultural literacy, and celebrate his/her national heritage,...
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