K+12 Related Literature

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LITERATURE
In the present educational system, studies based on the achievement levels of elementary and secondary students revealed that the equality of education has deteriorated over the years. In a recent UNESCO statistics Barsaga (2000) noted that Filipinos are among the most schooled in the developing countries, yet in comparative international tests measuring academic achievement, the Philippines ranks among the lowest in the developing countries. He furthers noticed that in the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievements (IEA) science study show that Filipino children scored appallingly low at two (2) standard deviations below the mean. In spite of governments’ support of basic education, past national achievement tests show low levels of content mastery (2000). Efforts have been taken up to improve the quality of education through improvement of curriculum programs, upgrading of academic standards for better instructional materials and physical facilities and through meaningful staff development (2000) Different strategies are designed to expand access to quality education in general and improve the quality of secondary education in particular. However, despite the efforts of the education authorities to improve the quality of education through the improvement of curriculum programs, the level of performance of the students continues to deteriorate especially the mathematics education (2000). In exploration, we find new techniques, new knowledge, even develop new substances, gadgets, equipment, processes or procedures, imagination and skill is employed by the researcher. The commodities, new devices, services, in technology are needs of man for a better fuller life which is the concern of the research. These useful arts are the products of the technological environment and the end-user is society in general. The excerpt was stated by Josefina Estolas in the book Fundamentals of Research (1995). Science and technology are...
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