K+12 in the Philippines

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Problem and its background

Many of us believe that in order for a person to achieve success, one must have a good background in education and the attitude of a survivor. A great education begins with the desire to learn. (Osterberg, 2004). Education is important to everybody. It gives knowledge about the world around us, strengthens people in different aspects in life, gives perspectives in life and helps build opinions and have points of view in everything about life. Education is a state responsibility. The national progress of the education depends to the great extent on the productive capacity of its people. The productive efforts of its people are inherent to the individual development of the potentials. Education is tasked with the Filipino’s formation and transformation. To accomplish this task and to provide a strong foundation for national development and unity, education must assume the difficult responsibility of reshaping the educational system. Filipinos have deep regard to education. Education occupies a central place in Philippine political, economic social and cultural life. It has always been strongly viewed as a pillar of national development and a primary avenue for social and economic mobility. A clear evidence of the value placed on education is the proportion of the national government budget going to the sector. The Department of Education (DepEd), the country’s biggest bureaucracy, is given the highest budget allocation among government agencies each year as required by the 1987 Philippine Constitution. The 1987 Constitution likewise guarantees the right to education of every Filipino. It provided that, “The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make education accessible to all.” (Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Section 1)

It is worthy to consider the state of the country’s...
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