K+12 in the Philippines

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CHAPTER 1
Problem and its background

Introduction
Many of us believe that in order for a person to achieve success, one must have a good background in education and the attitude of a survivor. A great education begins with the desire to learn. (Osterberg, 2004). Education is important to everybody. It gives knowledge about the world around us, strengthens people in different aspects in life, gives perspectives in life and helps build opinions and have points of view in everything about life. Education is a state responsibility. The national progress of the education depends to the great extent on the productive capacity of its people. The productive efforts of its people are inherent to the individual development of the potentials. Education is tasked with the Filipino’s formation and transformation. To accomplish this task and to provide a strong foundation for national development and unity, education must assume the difficult responsibility of reshaping the educational system. Filipinos have deep regard to education. Education occupies a central place in Philippine political, economic social and cultural life. It has always been strongly viewed as a pillar of national development and a primary avenue for social and economic mobility. A clear evidence of the value placed on education is the proportion of the national government budget going to the sector. The Department of Education (DepEd), the country’s biggest bureaucracy, is given the highest budget allocation among government agencies each year as required by the 1987 Philippine Constitution. The 1987 Constitution likewise guarantees the right to education of every Filipino. It provided that, “The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make education accessible to all.” (Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Section 1)

It is worthy to consider the state of the country’s educational status which lags far behind the advancement among other nations. Today, more than ever, the government came up to realization that the educational system all over the country needs a transformation. Such change for improvement brings to focus on the country’s basic educational curriculum. Compared to other countries, the Philippine education system differs. Basic education in the Philippines is only 10 years as against 12 in other countries. The K+12 model is for basic and secondary education patterned after United States, Canada, and some parts of Australia. The abbreviation K+12 means kindergarten (K) and the 1st through the 12th grade (1-12). It is an educational system whereby additional years are added to the curriculum. This is an alternative move of the government to make the students more if not fully equipped with knowledge when they reach college level. Education aims to give you a boost up the ladder of- knowledge. (Fischer, 2005) The mission of K-12 program is to be the solution to yearly basic education woes and the deteriorating quality of education. This will surely benefit the students as it provides more meaningful learning opportunities. Moreover, it will help solve the country’s unemployment and under-employment problems. The program also aims to meet the standards required for professionals who would want to work abroad. Most importantly, this educational system aims to fully enhance and develop the students in order to be well-prepared especially in emotional and cognitive aspects. Through this, graduates will be able to face the pressures of their future workplace. The objective of education is to prepare the young to educate themselves throughout their live. (Hutchins, 1950)

Apart from all the benefits of the said educational plan, the students are complaining of the additional school years, as well as the parents who are not in favor of the additional expenses. According to Rex Lor, writer and blogger, “Education is expensive but...
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