John Stuart Mill
John Staurt Mill (1806-1873), was an important British writer and utilitarian philosopher. Utilitarianism is the belief that the ultimate goal of public policy should be promote the general happiness. Mill modified and expanded upon the principles of earlier utilitarian thinker, including his father, James Mill and Jeremy Bentham. He worked closely with his wife, Harriet Taylor Mill. Mill born on Maybe 20 1806 in London, he is son of James Mill, a philosopher, economist and senior official in the East India Company. He was educated by his father, who taught him such subjects as classical literature, logic, mathematics, and political economy. At age of 17, he went to work for the East India Company. He served in Parliament from 1865 to 1868. He died on maybe 8, 1873 in France. In 1832, Jeremy Bentham died, follow closely by James Mill (his father) in 1836. Mill became the leader of the utilitarian movement after the death of his father. With the death of his two mentors, Mill discovered that he had even more intellectual freedom. He used that freedom combined ideas from other schools of thought and transformed utilitarianism into more liberal philosophy. He argued that adults should be free to think or do anything as long as they do not harm others. He believed in equal right for men and women. He defended the idea of a free-market economy but believed in reforming private property laws to promote a more equal distribution of wealth. Mill’s best known writings include A System of Logic (1843), Principle of Political Economy (1848), On Liberty (1859), Considerations on Representative Government (1861), Utilitarianism (1861), and The Subjection of Women (1869). His Autobiography (1873) was published after his death.
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