I Have a Dream

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• The prescribed question that has been chosen is how and why is a social group represented in a particular way?

• The title of the text for analysis: “I have a dream” by Martin Luther King 1963

• The part of the course to which the task refers: part 4: literature – critical study.

• Points that explain the focus of the task:

- Explore how King expresses in this speech how the black Americans feel towards the discrimination.

- Explain what made black Americans feel inferior.

- Explore de reasons why King gave this speech and the devices he used to impact citizens.

How and why is a social group represented in a particular way?

During the 20th century, segregation in the US society was common. The American Negroes were seen as inferior to the white people and they believed that the Negroes should not be treated equally. The desperate conditions of African Americans in the South that sparked the Great Migration of the early 20th century, combined with a growing African American community in the Northern United States, led to a movement to fight violence and discrimination against African Americans that like abolitionism before it, crossed racial lines.

In 1963, Martin Luther King captivated America with his dramatic “I Have a Dream” speech in front of 200,000 civil rights supporters. His words proved to be a perfect description of the social and political upheaval of the time and gave the nation a vocabulary to express what was happening, “a shameful condition”. The key message in the speech is that all people are created equal and, although not the case in America at the time, King felt it must be the case for the future. He used examples to support his points, such as when he refers to the banks “instead of honouring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds"”, to express the unjustness of life. He...
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