Rowen, Wilsherl Dennise, BS, MS, Mary Shaw-Perry, PhD, CHES, and Robin Rager, PhD, CHES. "Essential Components of a Mentoring Program for Pregnant and Parenting Teens." American Journal of Health Studies 20.3/4 (2005): 225-32. Academic Search Premier. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. The authors of this article researched the teen perceptions and beliefs about pregnancy and parenting. They came to the conclusion that teens are unprepared for parenting. The article explains how a mentoring program would be beneficial to the successfulness of the lives of these teenage parents. Khashan, Ali S., Philip N. Baker, and Louise C. Kenny. "Preterm Birth and Reduced Birthweight in First and Second Teenage Pregnancies: A Register-based Cohort Study." BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth 10 (2010): 36-43. Academic Search Complete. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. The purpose of this article was to sum up a study done on the preterm and reduced birth weight in the first and the second pregnancies of teenagers. The study group was women aged 14 to 29 years old who lived in England. The measures were compared between 14 to 17 year olds and 20 to 29 year olds. The conclusions of this study were that teenage mothers are at a higher risk of producing low birth weight babies than adult mothers. Kirby, Douglas. "Abstinence, Sex, and STD/HIV Education Programs for Teens: Their Impact on Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, and Sexually Transmitted Disease." Annual Review of Sex Research 18 (2007): 143-77. Academic Search Complete. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. The author of this research found studies of programs on abstinence, sex, and STD/HIV education and compared the effectiveness of their approaches. The information provided in the resource was that purely abstinence based programs did not work; about 2/3 of programs that encouraged both abstinence and contraceptive use delayed sexual behavior; programs that incorporated 17 characteristics were likely to change...