E Waste Management

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e-Waste Definition
e-Waste for short - or Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) - is the term used to describe old, end-of-life or discarded appliances using electricity. It includes computers, consumer electronics, fridges etc which have been disposed of by their original users.

On this website - the e-Waste Guide - "e-waste" is used as a generic term embracing all types of waste containing electrically powered components. e-Waste contains both valuable materials as well as hazardous materials which require special handling and recycling methods. This guide covers all categories of e-waste but emphasizes categories which contain problematic, scarce and valuable or otherwise interesting materials.

Examples: Computers, LCD / CRT screens, cooling appliances, mobile phones, etc., contain precious metals, flame retarded plastics, CFC foams and many other substances. The graphic below compares the categories of e-waste as used in the Swiss and EU legislation (CH ORDEE and the EU WEEE Directive)

Swiss ORDEE regulations

EU WEEE Directive

Large Household Appliances
Washing machines, Dryers,
Household Appliances
Washing machines, Dryers, Refrigerators, Air- Refrigerators, Air-conditioners, etc. conditioners, Vacuum cleaners, Coffee
Small Household Appliances
Machines, Toasters, Irons etc.
Vacuum cleaners, Coffee Machines,
Irons, Toasters, etc
Office, Information & Communication
Office, Information &
Equipment
Communication Equipment
PCs, Latops, Mobiles, Telephones, Fax
PCs, Latops, Mobiles, Telephones, Fax
Machines, Copiers, Printers etc.
Machines, Copiers, Printers etc.
Entertainment & Consumer
Entertainment & Consumer Electronics
Electronics
Televisions, VCR/DVD/CD players, Hi-Fi sets,
Televisions, VCR/DVD/CD players, Hi-Fi
Radios, etc
sets, Radios, etc
Lighting Equipment
Fluorescent tubes, sodium lamps etc.
(Except: Bulbs, Halogen Bulbs)
Electric and Electronic Tools
Drills, Electric saws, Sewing Machines, Lawn
Mowers etc. (Except: large stationary
tools/machines)
Toys, Leisure, Sports and Recreational
Equipment
Electric train sets, coin slot machines,
treadmills etc.

Lighting Equipment
Fluorescent tubes, sodium lamps etc.
(Except: Bulbs, Halogen Bulbs)
Electric and Electronic Tools
Drills, Electric saws, Sewing Machines,
Lawn Mowers etc. (Except: large
stationary tools/machines)
Toys, Leisure, Sports and
Recreational Equipment
Electric train sets, coin slot machines,
treadmills etc.

Medical Instruments and Equipment
Surveillance and Control Equipment
Automatic Issuing Machines

Medical Instruments and Equipment
Surveillance and Control Equipment
Automatic Issuing Machines

Legend:

Under ORDEE since 1998

Under ORDEE since January 2005
Not under ORDEE but under separate regulation
WEEE Directive implemented by Member States by August 2005 - 08

WEEE generated
Submitted by esther.mueller on Wed, 2009-03-18 15:04.

e-Waste generated from all categories
The following charts and table present an overview of e-waste quantities generated in 15 different countries. Please note, that it is difficult to make direct country-to-country comparisions regarding e-waste quantities, because each country has different categories of appliances counted as e-waste and different methodologies of estimation.

State-of-the-art Recycling Technologies
The state-of-the-art recycling of e-waste comprises three steps:

The first step in the recycling process is the
removal of critical components from the ewaste in order to avoid dilution of and / or contamination with toxic substances during
the downstream processes. Critical
components include, e.g., lead glass from
CRT screens, CFC gases from refrigerators,
light bulbs and batteries.

Detoxication

Shredding
Mechanical processing is the next step in ewaste treatment, normally an industrial large scale operation to obtain concentrates
of recyclable materials in a dedicated
fraction and also to...
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