E-Waste Management in India: Issues and Options
Symbiosis International University
Symbiosis Law School, Pune
Nikansha Shivnani; Naresh Gupta
“E-waste,” a term for discarded electronic products near the end or at the end of their useful life, contains hazardous materials like mercury, arsenic, and cadmium among other toxic substances. Although e-waste is the largest growing segment of the municipal waste stream in developing countries, domestic and international laws – and the enforcement of those laws – have not caught up. The current practices of e-waste management in India suffer from a number of drawbacks like the difficulty in inventorisation, unhealthy conditions of informal recycling, inadequate legislation, poor awareness and reluctance on part of the corporate to address the critical issues. The consequences are that, toxic materials enter the waste stream with no special precautions to avoid the known adverse effects on the environment and human health and resources are wasted when economically valuable materials are dumped or unhealthy conditions are developed during the informal recycling. These dangerous dismantling practices present immense environmental and human health implications. However, with international cooperation and the right economic incentives, the tide of this toxic trade can be stemmed.
The paper highlights the associated issues and strategies to address this emerging problem, in the light of initiatives in India. The paper presents a waste management system with shared responsibility for the collection and recycling of electronic wastes amongst the manufacturers/ assemblers, importers, recyclers, regulatory bodies and the consumers. Key Words: E-waste, precautions, recycling, toxic materials, management, regulation, electronics, gadget.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1.1. SCENARIO IN INDIA
2.1.2. IMPACT OF ELECTRONIC WASTE ON HUMAN AND ENVIRONMENT
2.1.3. OVERVIEW OF LAWS REGULATING E-WASTE
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
220.127.116.11 PIE CHARTS AND FINDINGS
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
WASTE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
E-WASTE POLICY AND REGULATION
EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY
CAPACITY BUILDING, TRAINING AND AWARENESS PROGRAMMES
LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE SCOPE
LEAKAGES BACK TO THE INFORMAL SECTOR:
REGULATION AND MONITORING:
A FINAL CHALLENGE:
7.1.2 FUTURE SCOPE
UPSTREAM INNOVATION AND SOLUTIONS:
REVERSE SUPPLY CHAIN:
REFURBISHMENT AND REUSE:
Did you purchase that ultra-thin laptop with endless hard-drive space and a battery that never dies? How about that stylish and sleek new mobile phone that browses the web, shoots video and plays all your favourite music? Congratulations, you have the latest electronics!!
However, have you ever wondered where your old laptop, iPod or mobile phone ended up after disposal? There is a good chance it ended up burned and dismantled by young workers in various hubs who have to inhale the poisonous fumes every day. Electronic waste or “E-waste,” a term for discarded electronic products near the end or at the end of their useful life, contains hazardous materials like mercury,...
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