E-Voting

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I. J. Computer Network and Information Security , 2013, 5, 9-18 Published Online April 2013 in MECS (http://www.mecs-press.org/) DOI: 10.5815/ijcnis.2013.05.02

The Design and Development of Real-Time EVoting System in Nigeria with Emphasis on Security and Result Veracity
Shafi’í Muhammad Abdulhamid (MNCS, MIACSIT) and Olawale Surajudeen Adebayo (MCPN, MNCS) Cyber Security Science Department, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria (shafii.abdulhamid, waleadebayo)@futminna.edu.ng

Damian Oshomah Ugiomoh (MNACOSS, MNAMS)
Mathematics and Statistics Department, Federal Universi ty of Technology Minna, Nigeria Mohammed Danlami AbdulMalik (MNCS, MIAENG)
Computer Science Department, Federal University of Technolo gy Minna, Nigeria maliks26@hotmail.com

Abstract — Elections are believed to be the key pillars
of democracy and voting is one of the electoral
processes that ensure the sustenance of democracy in
any civil society. In this paper, we developed an
electronic voting system, which will eliminate rigging
and manipulation of results to its barest minimum, this
problem is mostly associated with the manual system of
voting. The implementation of electronic vot ing system
in Nigeria will boost the integrity of INEC and the result
they produce. The programs used to develop this system
are PHP, MySQL, Java Query, CSS and HTML. These
packages make the Graphic Interface User friendly
enough for even those with little or no computer
knowledge.
Index Terms — Biometric Security, E-Voting, Voting
System, Database Security, Result Veracity, Real -Time
System

I. INTRODUCTION
Elections are understood to be the key mainstay of
democracy all over the globe and voting is one of the
electoral routes that ensure the sustenance of d emocratic
system in any civilization. Voting is the process that
allows the general public or the people to choose their
leaders and articulate views on how they will be
governed. The veracity of d emocratic system is primary
to the veracity of election itself consequently the
election system must be satisfactorily secured to survive
a range o f fraudulent behaviours and must be
sufficiently translucent and comprehensible that voters
and candidates can accept the outcome of an election.
Unsurprisingly, history is littered with examples of
elections being manoeuvred in order to change their
outcome.

Copyright © 2013 MECS

Many parts of Nigeria have experienced setbacks,
which have led to the destruction of both lives and
property, simply because the rule of the game was not
adhered to, and so political violence, unhealthy
politicking have been the order of the day. People
usually wanting to impose themselves on the voters, so
they use all sorts of means to get into office. And this
has continued to cause a lot of harm and has made the
citizens poorer in spite of the abundance of natural and
human resources in the country.
On May 29, 2009 Nigeria celebrated a decade of
democracy. Many Nigerians said it was not worth
celebrating, because our electoral system is a flawed
exercise. Our political and electioneering process is
branded with so many irregularities, ranging from ballot
box snatching, stuffing of ballot boxes, political killings, using of political thugs to harass opposing candidates
and finally weak Electoral Act. This mainly, is due to
the fact that electoral processes in Nigeria are done
manually and the result of such manual electoral process
inevitably produces questionable electoral results.
Elections in most developed nations of the world with
enviable democratic platforms has over the years been
conducted electronically and in these countries little or
no setbacks follow the results of such elections as they
are seen to be free, fair and credible. The Nigeria’s
Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has
since indicated its interest in using the electronic voting
system for future elections. This decision has been...
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