Sydney Graduate School of Management, University of Western Sydney firstname.lastname@example.org
In the last decade, enterprises and businesses greatly have had emphasize on e-tracking and e-services. However, a coherent informational architecture and systematic definition is lacking yet. Although, recently new technologies like RFIDs with advanced applications have been introduced, many companies cannot compare advantagous and disadvantages of available technologies to implement in their organization. The main reason is each technology needs its own infrustructure and has some constraints in terms of flexibility, cost, necessary skills, compatibility to current systems and etc. In this article, I tried to demonstrate how a company located in Iran, developed a procedural evaluation to select the most appropriate tecgnology to be adopted. The results may not be the same for every companies, but the procedure is valid to be applied by any company. Simulation outcomes at the end of this paper will support our evaluation procedure and decision making process.
Keywords: e-Tracking, Logistics, Barcode, RFID, Automative Industry
The overview of experts interviews and researches reflect no identical perception about tracking systems exist and architecture in Iran atomotive industry. The definitions change along type of tasks and activities in organizations and sometimes is dependent to the industry a company is doing its business, the concept is the same.
Paying attention to quality diversion on strategic, tactical and operational production stages and review of both tracking and tracing which further will be explained in the definition survey, two classification can be extracted for tracking and tracing systems. First is restricted definition which means provide the visibility to where work is at all times and its disposition and gives the product tracking and forward and backward traceability, and the extensive definition that relates to the control and optimisation of operations and functions both withing organizationgs and among separate supply chain participants, for which a real time and tracking of shipments in an on-line mode in addition to storing data on consignmnets is indispensable , , , , .
2 Literature survey
According to many different definitions in numerous articles and operational areas, in this essay it was tried to summarise the most applicational and comprehensive definitions to cover the tracking and tracing concept entirely. For example, Van Drop explains that “A two fold view on traceability is put forward: traceability is (1) the attribute that allows the ongoing location of a shipment to be determined and traceability is (2) the registering and tracking of parts processes and materials used in production , by lot or serial number” (Kees-Jan Van Dorp, 2002) ,. “Traceability is the ability to document the history of delivered goods and services and to prove conformance to specifications. More over with respect to tracking and tracing it is indicated that long after closing a particular business transaction, the customer and supplier still are subject to a relationship” (Beulens,1999) ,. “Traceability is the ability to trace the history, application or location of an entity by means of recorded identification. ISO relates traceability to the origin of materials and parts. The product processing history and the distribution and location of the product after delivery. According to ISO, traceability includes the set of interrelated resources and activities which transform inputs into outputs”(ISO, 1994) ,. “A distinction exists between product tracking and product tracing originates from product value or risk whereby one wishes to locate the products. Product tracing originates from exception handling whereby one wishes to establish the source...