E-Readiness Assessment for Ict Infrastructure of Nepal

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Table of Contents
1.Introduction:1
2.E-Readiness:2
3.E-Readiness assessment3
Network access4
4.Strategy for ICT Infrastructure Development for Nepal:4
5.Status of Telecommunication and ICT Infrastructure in Nepal5
6.Telecom Statistics at a glance (as of Aug, 2010)6
Available Voice Telephony Services6
Data/Internet Services:6
Public Call centers:7
7.Conclusion:8
8.Bibliography:9

1. Introduction:

The information and communication technology (ICT) revolution, because of its pervasiveness throughout the whole realm of human activity, has brought out a new shape in the economy, society and culture. In the past few decades, ICT has transformed the world. It’s potential for reducing poverty and fostering growth in developing countries has increased rapidly. By connecting people and places, ICT has played a vital role in national, regional and global development. In the last decade, information and communication technologies (ICT) have become the major factors of growth and development throughout the World. ICT is leading the vast technological revolution based on electronic computers, software, microelectronics, the Internet, and mobile telephones3. ICT has formed the core of the new techno-economical paradigm and centered itself to becoming new techno-economical paradigm leader. In 2003, despite the recent dotcom market collapse accompanied by even larger decline in the value of global telecommunication companies, the world’s adoption to ICT is constantly growing. The adoption to ICT and the avoidance of the emergence of digital divide has become critical for both developed and developing world. Finding the ways to make ICT part of the solution rather than part of the problem is challenging the nation states and international organizations4. It is widely believed that ICT carries enormous potential in establishing technical and organizational innovations, to reduce costs and change the quality of capital equipment, labor, and products. Innovations, naturally, are the essential basis for higher productivity and growth in major value-adding industries. To put ICT to effective use, a country must be “e-ready” in terms of infrastructure, the accessibility of ICT to the population at large, and the effect of the legal and regulatory framework on ICT use. If the digital divide is to be narrowed, all of these issues must be addressed in a coherent, achievable strategy that is tailored to meet the local needs of particular countries. Societies at large are increasingly empowered in decision-making processes and such achievements may not have been achieved without timely introduction and use of such technologies. Today there is more focus in narrowing the digital divide within the different sections of the Nepalese society itself. But this new realization has to be supported through appropriate ICT policies and regulations so that development activities are implemented effectively and efficiently

With the specter of the growing digital divide looming large, world leaders in government, business, and civil society organizations are harnessing the power of information and communications technology (ICT) for development. They seek to improve their countries' and communities' e-readiness -- the ability for a region to benefit from information and communications technology. It is increasingly clear that for a country to put ICT to effective use, it must be "e-ready" in terms of infrastructure, the accessibility of ICT to the population at large, and the effect of the legal and regulatory framework on ICT use. If the digital divide is going to be narrowed, all of these issues must be addressed in a coherent, achievable strategy that is tailored to meet the local needs of particular countries. Developing country leaders can use e-readiness assessment to help them measure and plan for ICT integration. It can help them focus their efforts from within, and identify areas where...
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