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Electronic Learning (E-learning)

Do you know about e-learning? Have you ever tried it or maybe your school has already applied it as a new method of learning in your school? A few years ago, people think that e-learning is an ineffective way in teaching-learning process. But nowadays, many schools and universities have already provided e-learning and believed that it can bring many advantages in teaching-learning activity. E-learning is a broad term that generally refers to any kind of learning done with a computer and internet connection or CD-ROM. It is used by individuals, educational institutions and businesses. As with any type of learning, it works better for some than others. The quality of e-learning has improved in recent years, as teachers and students have become more comfortable with the technology. E-learning is also called web-based learning, online learning, distributed learning, computer-assisted instruction, or internet-based learning. Historically, there have been two common e-learning modes: distance learning and computerassisted instruction. Distance learning uses information technologies to deliver instruction to learners who are at remote locations from a central site. Computerassisted instruction (also called computer-based learning and computerbased training) uses computers to aid in the delivery of stand-alone multimedia packages for learning and teaching. These two modes are subsumed under e-learning as the internet becomes the integrating technology. As far as e-learning development is concerned, American faculties, which have more than a decade long tradition in this field, have made the biggest advancement. Firstly, this fact may be explained by great investments being made by the American state for online studies development and encouragement of professional education for e-learning activities. About 13 billion US $ has been allocated from the American budget for this purpose. However, such big investments into e-learning follow significant research, the purpose of which is to determine the policies of its further development. In accordance with this, recent research has been conducted in the US, covering a sample of 990 educational institutions, organized by Sloan Consortium. Based on the results of this research, the number of students has increased, and a higher study efficiency has been achieved. For example, some American faculties have, owing to varied and high quality programs, succeeded to reach the number of 800,000 students showing further growth tendency. Students have shown a great adaptability to this kind of studying. Namely, e-learning has proven to be a very popular and acceptable way of studying, owing to its flexibility, as well as its higher degree of innovativeness in terms of introducing new and contemporary programs in comparison to traditional faculties. E-learning has enabled a higher degree of interactivity among professors and students and easier study material coverage in both undergraduate and graduate students. Furthermore, professors and assistants have developed their students’ critical thinking and have given them more freedom in their choice of discussion topics and mutual exchange of ideas and information and knowledge expansion. However, research also shown that students at more than 90% of virtual faculties are satisfied with this kind of education and knowledge acquisition. In 2006, over 3 million students were participating in e-learning around the world alone. However, e-learning is not restricted to “students” in the typical sense. Everyone is a student, regardless of age, and if you feel your education needs to be furthered or simply completed, e-learning is widely available to use at your desire. For the person using e-learning to further their education, unnecessary and tedious travel, as well as costly courses and institutions – some of which require acceptance via an unfriendly application process – become obsolete. To be accepted for a...
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