E--Commerce Law in the Philippines

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Republic of the Philippines|
Congress of the Philippines|
ELEVENTH CONGRESS|
Second Regular Session|
|
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8792|
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE RECOGNITION AND USE OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCIAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS, PENALTIES FOR UNLAWFUL USE  THEREOF, AND OTHER PURPOSES| |
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled| |
PART 1. SHORT TITLE AND DECLARATION OF POLICY
SECTION 1. Short Title. - This Act shall be known and cited as the "Electronic Commerce Act". SEC. 2. Declaration of Policy. - The State recognizes the vital role of information and communications technology (ICT) in nation-building; the need to create an information-friendly environment which supports and ensures the availability, diversity and affordability of ICT products and services; the primary responsibility of the private sector in contributing investments and services in ICT; the need to develop, with appropriate training programs and institutional policy changes, human resources for the information age, a labor force skilled in the use of ICT and a population capable of operating and utilizing electronic appliances and computers; its obligation to facilitate the transfer and promotion of technology; to ensure network security, connectivity and neutrality of technology for the national benefit; and the need to marshal, organize and deploy national information infrastructures, comprising in both communications network and strategic information services, including their interconnection to the global information networks, with the necessary and appropriate legal, financial, diplomatic and technical framework, systems and facilities. PART II: ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN GENERAL CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS SEC. 3. Objective. - This Act aims to facilitate domestic and international dealings, transactions, arrangements, agreements, contracts and exchanges and storage of information through the utilization of electronic, optical and similar medium, mode, instrumentality and technology to recognize the authenticity and reliability of electronic documents related to such activities and to promote the universal use of electronic transactions in the government and by the general public. SEC. 4. Sphere of Application. - This Act shall apply to any kind of electronic data message and electronic document used in the context of commercial and non-commercial activities to include domestic and international dealings, transactions, arrangements, agreements, contracts and exchanges and storage of information. SEC. 5. Definition of Terms. - For the purposes of this Act, the following terms are defined, as follows: (a) "Addressee" refers to a person who is intended by the originator to receive the electronic data message or electronic document, but does not include a person acting as an intermediary with respect to that electronic data message or electronic document. (b)"Computer" refers to any device or apparatus singly or interconnected which, by electronic, electro-mechanical, optical and/or magnetic impulse, or other means with the same function, can receive, record, transmit, store, process, correlate, analyze, project, retrieve and/or produce information, data, text, graphics, figures, voice, video, symbols or other modes of expression or perform any one or more of these functions. (c) "Electronic data message " refers to information generated, sent, received or stored by electronic, optical or similar means. (d) "Information and Communications System" refers to a system for generating, sending, receiving, storing or otherwise processing electronic data messages or electronic documents and includes the computer system or other similar device by or in which data is recorded or stored and any procedures related to the recording or storage of electronic data message and/or electronic document. (e) "Electronic signature" refers to any distinctive mark, characteristic and/or...
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