The Angolan Civil War is known to the Angolans as the “Tempo da Evolucao Negra,” translated to English as the Black Evolution. The Angolan Civil War took place immediately after Angola claimed its independence from its former colonial super power Portugal. From November 4, 1975 through January 1, 2002, over a half a million individuals were killed in the cause, and another half a million are still missing or accounted for. The Angolan Civil War is well known to many African’s, but more drastically known to its current citizens the worst national disaster to ever hit the country of Angola.
As any other civil war, the Angolan Civil war was led by groups, who believe that their political views or beliefs should dictate how the country operates. In this specific instance, the two main groups involved in this particular conflict were the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (“MPLA”), and the Union for the Total Independence of Angola (“UNITA”). Both parties fought together against the Republic of Portugal for independence, which was finally won and granted on 11/4/1975.
After Angola gained its independence, both the UNITA and MPLA began to negotiate a united government that would allow each political party to establish certain interest and goals that would benefit themselves and the people of Angola. But behind the scenes, a dormant, intergroup conflict was brewing between the two groups, which began interfering with the ability of both groups reaching a compromise that would benefit both parties and the people of Angola.
Originally, both groups believed in creating a democratic government that would allow the people of Angola to have a voice in government. Angolans also believed that both groups wanted to create a government that allowed the people to voice themselves. But after independence was obtained, many secondary party subsidiaries began to gain interest in Angola, intervening with political... [continues]
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