E-classroom refers to computer-enhanced learning environment, which means a traditional classroom space with students and teacher using computers. In other words, a regularly-scheduled class where students use computers for some portion of the class period.
An e-Classroom can help teaching and learning in many aspects. Firstly, it can help teachers demonstrating abstract ideas more clearly, like in Chemistry lessons, the compositions of bonds and atoms can be shown in large animations rather than just looking small pictures in textbooks.
Moreover, having developed a e-classroom that is able to show multimedia material, for example, some historical documentaries in history lessons, enable interactions in class. Teachers and students can exchange their views towards things and foster understanding of learning material, increasing students’ ability to elaborate it in examinations because it has been discussed thoroughly in class.
Using advanced technology can also increase students’ concentration in class. It is because students nowadays usually feel comfortable using hi-tech goods rather than writing. Therefore, including computers as a means of learning can raise their initiative in encountering classroom activities. Since students are more involved in class, this on the other hand help teachers to judge students’ understanding in the knowledge taught, and teacher will be able to adjust their teaching approach, such as deciding whether it is necessary to clarify certain points again or to go into another topic. On the whole, having an e-Classroom is helping to increase efficiency in teaching and learning in schools.
The main objective of designing this e-Classroom system is to help facilitating in-class teaching and learning of a medium sized classroom of these following settings: No. of teachers: 1
No. of students: 40
Ratio of computer to people: 1 : 1
Type of School: Day School
There are two main functions of this e-Classroom:
There would be an online multiple-choice testing session in the end of each single lesson and in the closing of each topic. It aims to achieve the following: i) Conclusion of the main theme - in the test, the questions would be set based on the main theme of specific lesson. Teachers viewing the results of the test can evaluate the progress of the lesson and to let students notice the main focus of the lessons. ii) Analysis of students’ ability – having collected the test result of each small tests and topic test, teacher can make an analysis sheet showing the strength and weaknesses of the student in each topic of the chapter and give advice for the student to make improvements.
It is an interactive whiteboard that can show teacher’s writing on big whiteboard in the classroom to every student’s computer, which can ensure every student can take notes of what the teacher said, even for those who are at the back of the classroom.
3. Problem Analysis
Before establishing an e-Classroom system, there were a number of problems in ordinary classes. The most obvious one would be the traditional way of “passive learning”, with teachers delivering knowledge and students receiving it, is too boring that it cannot raise the interest of students to concentrate. Therefore, the teaching efforts made by teachers may be wasted and students cannot acquire the knowledge they needed for examinations, which makes them lag behind others.
Another problem is that before having the e-whiteboard function in the e-classroom is developed, the teacher would have difficulties in making sure the students are concentrating in class when the lesson is held in a classroom with computers. It is because students would use the computers doing other things that are irrelevant to the subject, such as instant-chatting or playing games. After developing the e-whiteboard function,...