Comparison and Contrast of Evident Similarities and Bright Contrasts Between United States

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Comparison and contrast of evident similarities and bright contrasts between United States of America and one of the European country – Poland. Both of the countries have similar environment, geographic shapes: mountains, seas, lakes and forests, but different climates. There also differences between politic, religion, nation, history, and culture.

At first glance, USA and Poland may seem to be worlds apart. Looking closer, we may see may similarities as well as differences. The similarities are innumerable, yet this holds true with the differences as well.

Poland, which is about the size of Texas, in comparison to United States, is a small country located in central Europe. It borders on Germany in the west, on the Baltic Sea and the Kaliningrad region of Russia in the north, on Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine in the east, and on the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the south. . The United States, which is located in the Western Hemisphere, is bordered by Mexico and Canada and between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Poland and the United States separated not only by the Atlantic Ocean, are also separated by the differences in economies, populations, culture, religions, governments. These two countries that are quite opposite in size have some similarities. Poland and the United States are both constitutional democracies in the sense that they show a high level of respect for individual rights but they reflect this commitment in different ways. Both: the United States and Poland have a constitution--a kind of "higher law"--that treats the government as the major view to protect individual freedom and provides significant limits on what it may do. The United States has a democratic government, meaning that it is "elected by the people and for the people." The supreme law of the land is the Constitution of the United States, ratified in 1879. Every adult over the age of 18 can vote. Power is distributed between federal and state governments. The United States has an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. The chief of state and head of government is also the president, who is elected to a 4-year term. The president is also the leader of his or her political party. The two major political parties that exist in the US are the Democratic and Republican parties. Poland is governed under the 1997 constitution (ratified on the First Polish Constitution from 1793). In Poland, as in the United States every adult over the age of 18 can vote, in the same way as in United States, the polish government is also "elected by the people and for the people." However, in Poland the power lies completely within the federal government and not distributed between federal and state governments like in United States. The bicameral parliament consists of a 460-seat Sejm (lower house) and a 100-seat Senate (upper house). Members of both bodies are elected for four-year terms. The president in Poland, same as in United States is popularly elected, however, in Poland, different then in United States for a five-year term and has the power to nominate a member of parliament as prime minister. The president, on the advice of the prime minister, appoints the cabinet. The main political parties are the Democratic Left Alliance, Civic Platform, Polish Peasants' party, and Self-Defense party.

The population in the United States is ever growing and vastly diverse. Ethnic groups from all over the world can be found in the US. The major ethnic groups are Caucasians, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians but many Americans also have mixed ancestries .The primary language of the United States is English. Protestant and Roman Catholic are the major religions. Other religions include Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and some tribal religions.

Poland, in contrast to the United States, is one of the countries in the world with the least diversity among the people. Ninety nine percent of the population is Caucasians, the other (one percent) is...
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