Blanton, Robert #2
C/C Essay - - - Aztec & Inca
The Aztec and Incan civilizations of the early Americas were polytheistic societies supported by military conquests; however, their various origins and foundational structure were different. The Aztec civilization was an expansionist and a decentralized empire led by a ruler, a leader of both politics and religion. The Aztecs were located in Central America and were descendants of the Maya, Olmec, and Toltec. The Aztecs had large cities, a class system, a professional army, but no written language. Their army was used to conquer land, which would then pay tribute, and people who were used as slaves on building projects and eventually as human sacrifices for their polytheistic religion. Women of the Aztec empire were able to participate in commerce. In1521, the empire was conquered by Spanish conquistadores led be Hernan Cortes. The Inca civilization was an expansionist and a centralized empire organized by a bureaucracy led by a ruler, a leader of politics and religion. The Inca were located in the Andes along the west coast of South America and were descendants of the Chavin. The Inca had large cities, a class system, a professional army, but no written language. Their army was used to conquer land for the purpose of collecting tribute and gaining prestige. They had a polytheistic religion which focused on the Sun god, and they sacrificed material and animals. Women of the Inca Empire were allowed to participate in religion. In the mid-1500s, the Inca were conquered by Spanish conquistadores led by Francisco Pizzaro. The Aztec Empire and Inca Empire were expansionist civilizations that had similar armies, leaders, and religions, but they differed in the implementation of these armies and the organization of their political systems. The Incan Empire was organized into a centralized bureaucracy, unlike the Aztec Empire which was not a bureaucracy and was decentralized. The Inca were located in the Andes along...
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