C-Section Versus Vaginal Birth

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C-Section Versus Vaginal Birth

Choices are endless when it comes to childbirth methods. The most common method of delivery, vaginal birth is thought to be the “natural birth.” C-sections on the other hand, are used for birthing complications due to medical reasons but nowadays pregnant woman can choose either way. Both have tremendous complications and different emotional and physical effects. Both should be taken into consideration and should be consulted with a medical professional. Although Doctors give their medical input on how women should give birth, shouldn’t the mother be the determining factor. It is important to know the risks and benefits for the pregnant mothers and babies so, future mothers can be aware. Furthermore we have to mention the risks of cesarean section to the pregnant woman so she can be aware of the consequences. So infection is one or nearby pelvic organs such as the bladder, kidneys. Increased blood loss, which is about twice as much as the vaginal birth. Decreased bowel function, the bowels function slows down for several days after this major surgery causing discomfort, distention and bloating. Respiratory complications caused by the general anesthesia. Longer stay in the hospital, like two to five days. Reactions to anesthesia, which can cause alterations in the blood pressure. Also because is not a natural process because the body is violated it can trigger post partum depression. Researchers did a study on the effects of a cesarean section on a mother after childbirth. They found that when a mother had an emergency C-section carried out, 46% of the women are at a heightened risk of developing depression after 3 months. The researchers say that the risk is increased by 6 times. In contrast the risks of vaginal birth could be if the women push for too long they can have a recto-vaginal fistula, wherein a passage forms between the rectum and vagina and the symptoms of this are nightmarish which is fecal matter through the vagina, flatus incontinence, pain and this condition is attributed to prolonged hours of labour. Vaginal birth is generally painful. Fear and tension change hormonal states, physically increasing levels of pain, often to a point where women can no longer cope without analgesics. Furthermore it can be messy. It is usually hard work and women often perspire heavily. There are other body fluids involved too like the amniotic fluid, urine and blood and there is the placenta. Also mothers can have incontinence or anal incontinence. However these symptoms can be prevented by practicing the episiotomy; a small incision into the perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening. The risk of post partum depression is lower by having a vaginal birth, 10% of the women can experience postpartum depression after 6 weks of giving birth moreover if the baby has any deformation or any health complications.

In addition the risks of cesarean section to the baby are premature birth, because sometimes the due date is not accurate. Respiratory problems because the amniotic liquid isn’t expulsed by the pressure of the vaginal canal, babies born by cesarean are more likely to suffer asthma, abnormally fast breathing during the first few days after birth. Low Apgar score that is what rates a baby's appearance, pulse, responsiveness, muscle activity, and breathing. Fetal injury, the surgeon can get cuts by accident when they are making the incision and another risk is no breastfeeding, the babies don’t want to get fed. In the other hand vaginal birth increases the risk of brain hemorrhage in newborns and brachial plexus birth injury; this injury resolves in a few weeks after the baby have been born.

Furthermore lets talk about the benefits of a cesarean section. It has its benefits when there are complications in the pregnant mothers labor or delivery process. In some cases, baby is stubborn and doesn’t want to make its way down the birth canal, even though the mother pushes as hard as she can. In...
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